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Is Grain Free Dog Food the Way to Go?

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Golden retriever in field with wheatChances are you know at least one person who has gone gluten or grain free, who cites the benefits of the Paleo Diet and quotes from the bestselling books Wheat Belly and Grain Brain. Grocery stores have made shelf space for gluten-free pastas, crackers, cereals, cookies, and cake mixes and restaurants offer gluten-free pizza and beer to appeal to grain-free diners. But what about our four-legged fur babies? If your dogs are anything like mine, the only diet they adhere to is the “Anything Diet.” As in they eat anything I drop on the floor.

But long before dog food was scooped from a bag into personalized doggie dishes, canines would hunt and capture raw, protein-rich meals. After all, you don’t see wolves grazing peacefully in a field of flowers. Just like the theory behind the Paleo Diet for humans, protein-based, grain-free dog foods more closely mimics a canine’s natural or “ancestral” diet as a carnivore. However, with the introduction of mass-produced dog kibble around World War II, inexpensive fillers like corn, wheat and barley were added to dog food to create bulk and keep costs down. Today, most commercial dog foods still list corn or wheat as a main ingredient.

But while dogs have evolved from wild animals to Internet celebrities, the canine digestive system is still pretty primitive. Dogs have little natural digestive support for breaking down and metabolizing complex carbohydrates and cereal grains. These difficult-to-digest fibers and grains remain undigested, with the body relying mainly on fermentation to break them down, and well, you know how that smells. Over a long period of time, this can damage the lining of the digestive system, resulting in bowel inflammation disorders, food sensitivities, food allergies, leaky gut and obesity.

Does My Dog Have a Food Allergy?

If your pup is presenting these symptoms, talk to your vet. A food allergy could be to blame:

  • Excessive flatulence
  • Loose stool/Diarrhea
  • Rash and skin irritations
  • Chronic licking, chewing or biting to relieve itch
  • Vomiting
  • Frequent ear infections

Also, some studies show that the following dog breeds may also be at a higher risk for developing food allergies: Retriever, Boxer, Chinese Shar-Pei, Cocker Spaniel, Collie, Dachshund, Dalmatian, Lhasa Apso, Miniature Schnauzer, Soft Coated Wheaton Terrier, Springer Spaniel and West Highland White Terrier.

What are the benefits of Grain-Free Dog Food?

Most vets today recommend that carbohydrates and grains make up a small portion of a dog’s diet (per Dogster: 50% vegetables/40% meat protein/10% grains). Many grain-free dog foods (especially the moist and freeze-dried grain-free dog foods) contain more protein and animal fats and fewer carbohydrates than their grain-based counterparts, and are therefore more easily digested. Other benefits include:

  • Helps keep dogs fuller longer resulting in less food being eaten (good news because grain-free/high-protein foods can be more expensive)
  • May reduce canine food allergies
  • More energy
  • Fewer and smaller stools (because more food is utilized, less is wasted)
  • Healthier skin
  • Shinier coat
  • Less shedding
  • Better breath
  • Reduced flatulence

(By the way, based on this list of benefits, I think I’ll start eating grain free dog food!)

Is Grain Free Food Right for My Dog?

If your dog is perfectly happy and healthy, then you may not need to make any dietary changes. A good rule of paw—always consult your vet before making any major changes to your pet’s diet.

In the meantime, definitely check out the ingredients label on your dog’s food or on the brand’s website. If corn, wheat or soy is listed as the first ingredients, you may consider gradually switching to a formula the features protein (usually chicken) as one of the main ingredients.

If you decide to switch your dog from grain-based dog food to grain free, don’t go cold turkey. Slowly introduce grain-free and higher-protein dog food by mixing it in a little at a time. By gradually increasing amounts over the course of a few weeks, you allow your dog’s digestive system to adjust. During the switch, keep an eye on your pup’s poops to make sure they’re not constipated or suffering from diarrhea.

If you see any major concerns during the switch (hair loss, itching, lack of interest in eating or drinking water, etc.), contact your vet for next steps.

Read the Label: Low-Carb Misconceptions

One misconception is that grain free dog food is also low-carb, however, vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, green peas and tapioca often replace the grains in grain-free dog foods, especially in kibble foods, making them as high or higher in carbohydrates than grain-based dog foods. And, as mentioned above, vegetables are healthy for your pet and should make up almost half of their diet.

What About Puppies?

Diets high in protein can be damaging to puppies’ kidneys. Note that some grain-free dog food brands only recommend their food for adult dogs, while other brands have formulas for all life stages and dietary needs. Ask your vet to find out what would be best for your puppy.

Alternative Grain Formulas

A healthier alternative on the grain-based dog food spectrum to consider is “single whole grain” formulas. Some dogs with food sensitivities and allergies do well on single-grain dog foods.

Some grain-based dog food brands, such as Blackwood (View Blackwood on Amazon), offer formulas that are more easily digestible for dogs with mild food sensitivities to severe food allergies. Their manufacturing process cooks the grains at lower temperatures for longer time periods than most regular grain based dog foods. This results in more easily digestible grains because they are more thoroughly cooked.

Our Favorite Grain Free Dog Foods

Video: Vet Explains Why Grain Free Dog Food Might Be a Good Choice

Bottom line: Your dog depends on you for their food, health and happiness. Do your research (nice job so far!), give them the very best food you can and plenty of love!

Sources:
[1] “Best Grain Free Dog Foods” – DogFoodAdvisor.com
[2] “Update on Food Allergy in the Dog & Cat” World Small Animal Veterinary Assoc. World Congress-Vancouver 2001
[3] Grain-FreeDogFood.com

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About Kristi Marion
Kristi is a regular writer for Cover Story Media, including Canine Journal. She has over 10 years of experience in PR and Communications. Her experience ranges from script-writing, event and stage management, coordinating press conferences, photography and writing for local magazines and her own blog. She was born and raised in Mount Airy, North Carolina (a.k.a. Mayberry), and is a proud graduate of Appalachian State University, her heart never wanders far from her beloved Blue Ridge Mountains.
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8 Comments on "Is Grain Free Dog Food the Way to Go?"

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KaraMarika
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KaraMarika
Dogs will eat their own vomit and your cat’s poop. I’m sure they can handle grain. More energy? I have never seen a dog that wasn’t overflowing with energy, unless it was just completely worn out with exercise. I think this grain-free nonsense is just a ploy to get ppl to spend more money on dog food. Dogs have lived long, healthy lives on kibble for years and years. Unless your dog has some sort of special dietary needs, no reason to change that. Save yourself some money and get the regular, grain-filled food. Your dog won’t give a hoot… Read more »
Hooked on Health
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I didn’t even read the whole article. Dogs are carnivores, people. Look at their teeth, exactly the same as other carnivores. This means meat. MEAT!

Tony
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Tony

Dogs are opportunistic omnivores. Sorry to destroy your entire argument. I know this as I have a honours degree in animal welfare and behaviour.

LeAnda Carver Latstetter
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LeAnda Carver Latstetter

That is why this article is advocating for grain free. That means MEAT!

Sloan D. Payne-Waters
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Sloan D. Payne-Waters

Hahahaha! I was beginning to think I was crazy. I thought this was for grain free, and I know I know how to read!

Hooked on Health
Guest

Purchased dog food contains a ton of other ingredients not just meat. They couldn’t afford to sell it if it was all meat plus it wouldn’t come in a bag and be able to be sold on a shelf with a long shelf life. Raw meat is the way to go…

OK, I read the article and it is still advocating kibble, just grain free kibble but dogs do not need vegetables, just meat, organ meat and bones.

lex
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The dog’s digestive system is still very similar to the wolf and the wolf lives off raw meat, mice, deer, etc. and some plants/vegetation that they find, so there is a case for dogs to absolutely need some vegetables. Also a diet just of raw meat, bones and organ meat will be too rich a diet and it is known in the dog world that too much protein can cause behavioral problems, agressiveness, etc. So the author is correct in my opinion that dogs need (in a perfect world) cooked root veg as at least 40% of the diet wth… Read more »
DVM
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it’s unfortunate that you’ve chosen to share this misinformation which is based on marketing instead of on nutrition. You’d be hard pressed to find a REAL expert in animal nutrition who supports what you’re saying here. http://www.allaboutfeed.net/Process-Management/Petfood/2014/7/COLUMN-Unfair-war-on-grain-use-in-petfoods-1511928W/

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