Hot Dog! How to Prevent and Treat Heat Stroke in Dogs

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Dog in the sunIs your dog at risk for a heat stroke? No question that warm weather is idealistic for pet owners to enjoy the outdoors with man’s best friend. But what happens when it becomes too hot? It is important to understand the symptoms of heat stroke in dogs and how to prevent it.

Signs of Heat Stroke in Dogs

While dog fur serves as great protection during the winter, many dog owners may not be aware that their dog’s fur can be fatal in the heat of summer. As the temperature rises, dog owners must be aware of the potential of dog heat stroke.

Panting

Dogs will show signs when becoming too hot such as panting, which can be mistaken for excitement during a game of catch or the joy of seeing you. However, owners must be aware that this is a sign that dogs may be too hot and could potentially be suffering from a heat stroke.

Don’t Leave Your Dog in the Car

Not only are natural causes responsible for heat stroke in dogs, but the carelessness of owners are the direct result of dog heat stroke as well. Don’t ever leave your dog in the car while it’s hot! Leaving a dog in a hot environment is a common cause of heat stroke. If you must leave your dog in the car when it’s hot, make sure it is receiving some type of air and make it quick.

Other Signs

There are many other signals that show that your dog may be suffering from a heat stroke. Illness, allergic reaction, dehydration and poisoning are very important signs to watch out for. If a dog is sick, he or she will pant, and it could signify that they have a heart problem. They also could be suffering from pneumonia and/or respiratory problems. Vomiting or lethargy could be signs of poisoning or a severe allergic reaction. You will need to look out for this especially if your dog is on any type of medication.

How To Help Your Dog

Dog fur is equivalent to a coat. Imagine wearing a coat when it’s 100 degrees outside. You might have a heat stroke yourself! It is important to understand that dogs become hot as well and aren’t the same as us. We can take a coat off if we get too hot, but they can’t. They may shed but they will still have a coat. By panting, dogs are able to cool down by circulating air through their bodies. They also can cool down by drinking or swimming in water. If you notice your dog excessively panting when it is hot, you should move your dog indoors to a cool spot immediately and provide water. If it persists, please seek the help and expertise of a trained veterinarian.

PSA Video: Call 911 If You See a Dog in a Hot Car

 

Dog Heat Stroke Prevention

If you believe that your dog is suffering from a heat stroke, you must treat it as a medical emergency and immediately seek help. Be aware of your dog’s behavior, especially in the heat, by making sure that when you see any signs of struggle you do whatever is possible to help them cool off. If you have an immediate emergency where you cannot contact a pet hospital, here are the steps you should take to cool your dog down:

  1. Give your dog water to drink and allow him to drink as much as it wants. Add just a pinch of salt to the water to help the dog replace minerals it lost due to panting. And then keep an eye on your dog to make sure it can get outside if it needs to urinate.
  2. Place a cold pack on your dog’s head to help lower its body temperature. But do not leave it on for more than a few minutes at a time.
  3. Run a cool bath for your dog; you don’t want it to be cold because it can cause shock. Be sure to keep your dog’s head elevated in order to prevent aspiration pneumonia.
  4. You can also use a garden hose to cool the dog down if a bath is not an option. But make sure the hose water is cool too.

Remember, you are your dog’s best friend! So it is your responsibility to take care of your pet that you welcomed into your family. Your dog is depending on you to help keep it safe, so make sure that you’re able to take measures to prevent heat stroke, recognize the symptoms, and understand how to best treat your dog in the midst of a heat stroke.

Has your dog suffered from a heat stroke before?

Dog in a hot car


Sources: PetMD and WebMD.com

Jasmine is a Washington, DC native and a recent graduate from Penn State University with a degree in Broadcast Journalism and a minor in Sociology. She is a huge fan of social media and an NPR ambassador who loves traveling, shopping, and writing.

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