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Dog Breeds: Ultimate Guide To Over 350 Types (Including Poodle Mixes)

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Last Updated: July 9, 2024 | 106 min read | 74 Comments

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Look no further. We bring you our dog breed list. From A to Z, Affenpinscher to Yorkshire Terrier, we’ve got your dog breed covered. Check back often as we add more up-and-coming and popular breeds (and mixed breeds) to our list. Do you see one we missed or that you’d like to see covered? Let us know in the comments! We’re here to be your go-to guide on all dogs.

We have written in-depth articles about some breeds, so feel free to click on their name to learn more about that type of dog. Each breed article is full of adorable photos, and we encourage you to check out the comments to hear from pet parents on their experience and even get advice on where to find the breed you’re looking for!

Table of Contents

Affenpinscher

Affenpinscher Dog Running

Affenpinschers are known as sassy, self-confident, and charming dogs. And their pint-size bodies and silly mustached faces make them funny and lovable characters to have around. The average size of this funny-faced dog is 9 – 11” tall, and the average weight is around 8 lbs.

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound originated in Afghanistan and is most well known for its long, silky coat. Afghans are no particular color and make excellent sighthounds. The average Afghan Hound stands 26” tall and weighs 55 lbs.

Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier is known as the largest terrier. They have a thick and curly coat that is always tan, black, and tan or brindle in color. The Airedale Terrier generally stands 23” tall and weighs around 55 lbs.

Akita

Large Akita Outdoors

The Akita is a big and bold dog breed. They are often described as one of the world’s most loyal dogs. They are deeply affectionate and sweet with their family but very suspicious of anyone outside of their human pack. He’s a lot of dog packed into his stocky body, and not everyone has the knowledge or experience to handle the breed. The Akita generally stands at 26” tall and weighs anywhere between 75 to 125 lbs.

Alaskan Malamute

Alaskan Malamute in Field

Alaskan Malamutes are among the most friendly and sociable canines around and will invite intruders in for dog treats and belly rubs. A very sociable dog, Malamutes may bark around people they don’t know. That’s the extent of their guarding abilities. However, their sheer size is a great deterrent if you are after a guard dog.

American Bulldog

American Bulldog standing outside

The American Bulldog is known for his friendly personality and work ethic. Squarely built and powerful, American Bulldogs are agile athletes. This personable but hard-working breed was created as an all-purpose farm dog. He is family-friendly but needs proper socialization.

American Bully

American Bully dogs in grass

American Bully dogs are intelligent and independent. They are affectionate, fun, and family-friendly. But they have quirks you should know before welcoming one into your home. Although they are beautiful dogs, they aren’t suitable for every family.

American English Coonhound

The American English Coonhound is something of a rare breed and is known most for its speed and muscular body. The American English Coonhound is generally consistent in coloring to other hound breeds with ticking or tri-coloring. This dog generally stands at 25” and weighs around 60 lbs.

American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog standing tall with blue sky background

The snowy white American Eskimo Dog is a true beauty. These pearly white pups stand out in the crowd for their striking appearance. Also called the Eskie and “the dog beautiful,” this fluffy pup has a fun personality and attitude much more prominent than her size. The American Eskimo Dog makes a fantastic pet, but there are a few things prospective owners should know.

American Foxhound

Native to America, the American Foxhound is a fox-hunting dog with traditional hound markings and a long, pointed tail. The breed stands around 23” tall and generally weighs around 70 lbs.

American Hairless Terrier

The American Hairless Terrier is one of the few hairless dog breeds and is commonly recommended for allergy sufferers. This hairless breed does not have any hair tufts and stands between 7 and 16 inches tall, weighing between 5 and 16 lbs. This breed is not born hairless, but by the age of six weeks, they lose all hair.

American Indian Dog

The American Indian Dog is a debated breed since many believe that the dog breeds Native American tribes relied upon became extinct. Still, this breed is recognized by some and stands between 17 and 20 inches tall weighing between 30 and 60 lbs. Coat colors of this breed vary widely.

American Mastiff

The American Mastiff is recognized for being the Mastiff breed that drools the least. This breed is fawn, apricot, and brindle in color and stands between 28 and 36 inches tall. Male American mastiffs weigh in between 160 and 200 lbs, and females weigh between 140 and 180 lbs.

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a muscular dog that comes in a wide variety of colors. American Pit Bull Terriers stand between 14 and 24 inches tall and weigh between 22 and 78 lbs. This breed is often confused with the American Bully as well as other dogs that fall under the Pitbull type breeds.

American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers sitting in grass

The American Staffordshire Terrier is one of the four bully breeds that is commonly included in the “Pitbull” group. Fans call this dog the AmStaff or American Staffie. They are confident and intelligent dogs. When appropriately trained, they are loyal and loving canines worthy of a spot in the family home. They adore their family, especially children, and hate to be without their favorite humans.

American Water Spaniel

The American Water Spaniel is a particularly rare dog generally bred for retrieving, much like other water dogs. American Water Spaniels are covered in small curls and are generally brown or liver in coloring. These dogs stand at an average of 16” tall and weigh around 35 lbs.

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Known for their ability to protect livestock the Anatolian Shepherd can be a stubborn but independent dog. Anatolians are generally any color pattern including brindle and fawn marking. Anatolians stand around 28” tall and weigh between 80 – 120 lbs.

Appenzell Mountain Dog

The Appenzell Mountain Dog stands between 18 and 23 inches tall and weighs between 49 and 70 lbs. This breed has a short double coat that comes in black or brown with white and rust-colored markings. This is a Mastiff breed. Another name for this beauty is Appenzeller Sennenhund. They are self assured and make fantastic guard dogs.

Australian Cattle Dog (Blue Heeler)

Australian cattle dog with black spot on eye close up of fce

Australian Cattle Dog (Blue Heeler) is a rising star in the canine world. This breed has become increasingly popular over the last decade for his fun and flamboyant personality while being noticed for his dazzlingly unique looks. For many active families, this breed is everything you could ever ask for rolled into one canine package. But there’s more than meets the eye with this very unique dog breed. Aussies are generally blue or red and can carry black, tan, or blue markings on their coat. The Aussie usually stands at around 18” tall and weighs around 30 lbs.

Australian Kelpie

Australian Kelpie walking through a grassy field

The Australian Kelpie is a modern breed created by Australian landowners from imported working British sheepdogs. The rough terrain and climate of Australia took a special dog to handle. Generations of careful selection for the best individuals to thrive under these circumstances produced what we know as the modern Kelpie. The Australian Kelpie has a double coat and comes in a variety of colors, including black and red, black and red and tan, chocolate and fawn. This compact dog stands between 17 and 20 inches tall and weighs between 25 and 45 lbs.

Australian Koolie

The Australian Koolie comes in a variety of coat lengths and colors ranging from blue merle, red merle, tri merle, black or red. This energetic breed stands between 15 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 21 and 44 lbs. Koolies are hard workers and skilled herding dogs. Like some other Australian dog breeds, the Koolie is not a standardized breed.

Australian Labradoodle

Australian Labradoodle

The Australian Labradoodle is a very calm and gentle dog in the home, who is very affectionate with his human pack, as well as every stranger that he comes across. He is also very excitable and playful during exercise and play sessions, which means that there is never a dull day when the Australian Labradoodle is around. This well-balanced personality that makes him a very popular family pet across the world.

Australian Shepherd

Known for their herding talent the Australian Shepherd has a longer wavy coat which is generally black, blue merle, red merle and red with white markings. The Australian Shepherd is energetic and stands on average at 20” tall and weighs around 60 lbs. From Europe to Australia, all the way to America, the Australian Shepherd is a big hit. They are a flamboyant dog with a stout personality.

Australian Shepherd Poodle (Aussiedoodle Or Aussiepoo)

Aussiedoodle - Australian Shepherd Poodle Mix - Aussiepoo

The Aussiedoodle is a perfect blend of the two parent breeds. These lovely family dogs are very active, so you’ll need to have time to exercise your dog properly every day for at least an hour or so. Aussiedoodles are easy to train, too, and they enjoy most dog sports.

Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier has a blue and tan, red or sandy colored coat and is a versatile dog. The Australian Terrier generally stands at 10” tall and weighs around 11 lbs. Like many other Australian dog breeds they are hard-working, loyal little pups.

Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher

The Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher has a short coat that ranges in color but includes black, red, fawn, brown, black and tan, and brindle. This terrier stands between 14 and 20 inches tall and weighs between 26 and 40 lbs.

Azawakh Hound

The Azawakh hound is also known as the Tuared sloughi and is a slender sighthound. This breed has a short and fine coat that comes in a variety of colors, including light sable and dark fawn, flecking of the coat varies. This breed stands between 23 to 29 inches tall and weighs between 37 and 55 lbs. The Asawakh is an African dog breed and is very rare to find, especially in America.

Banter Bulldogge

The Banter Bulldogge is a strong working breed that stands between 20 and 24 inches tall. Weighing in between 50 and 85 lbs. The Banter Bulldogge has a short smooth coat that can be a variety of colors and are a solidly built breed. These pups are crosses between Boxers and other Bulldog breeds. They are lovable, adore people, and make loyal guardians.

Basenji

Portrait of a red basenji standing at sunset in a green field for a walk in the summer

The Basenji breed is known as the “barkless” dog. However, they are not mute dogs. They can yodel or shriek quite loudly, too! Basenji are very energetic pups and will require mental and physical stimulation. They can make a great companion for some. Basenjis are quite elegant in appearance and stature. They are more on the smaller end but have a grandiose presence.

Basset Artesien Normand

The Basset Artesien Normand is very similar to the Basset Hound in appearance but is lighter in weight. The short coat of this breed is orange and white or orange, tan and white. This breed stands between 10 to 14 inches tall and weighs around 33 lbs. These pups are loyal, and very smart, and love to make people happy.

Basset Hound

Basset hounds With Long Ears Standing Outdoors

With their short legs, droopy eyes, and friendly personality, the Basset Hound is perhaps one of the most iconic dog breeds, as evidenced by their many appearances in pop culture. From the Hush Puppies “spokesbasset” to the animated cartoon dog “Droopy,” it’s undeniable that the Basset has managed to capture hearts around the globe.

Beagle

Beagle Looking Back

Beagles originated in the U.K., where they were used by sporting landowners to hunt hare and deer. History shows that a type of scenthound, which was very similar to the modern Beagle, was around as far back as the 1400s. They are sometimes mistaken for other breeds, like the Foxhound. The name “Beagle” is thought to have come from the French word meaning “loud mouth.” If you take on one of these pups, you’ll soon find out that these dogs are well-named!

Bearded Collie

This dog is most well known for its long, shaggy coat and its herding ability. The Bearded Collie is usually fawn, black, blue, or brown in color and can have white markings. Coat coloring may change as the puppy ages. Bearded Collies usually stand at 21” tall and weigh around 50 lbs.

Beauceron

Beauceron dog standing in a field with tongue out

The Beauceron is a French shepherding breed whose name comes from an agricultural region southwest of Paris. Also known as the Berger de Beauce or the Bas Rouge, the Beauceron is one of two categories of French shepherds identified in the nineteenth century. This versatile breed excels at more than just herding sheep. Beaucerons have a long history of military and police work and were instrumental in the trench warfare of World War I.

Bedlington Terrier

Bedlington Terrier Breed standing in grass

If you’ve ever mistakenly thought someone had a lamb on a leash, only to discover the lamb was not a lamb at all, you may have met a Bedlington Terrier. This unique breed was once the rat-killing companion of coal miners. In modern times, the Bedlington has become an active and virtually shed-free family friend. Bedlingtons are versatile dogs. While quite effective in the field as hunting dogs, they are more often family companions.

Belgian Griffons

The Belgian Griffons comes in a rough or smooth coated variety and can be beige, red, black and tan or solid black in color. The Belgian Griffons has the appearance of having a mustache and beard due to longer facial hair. This terrier stands between 7 to 8 inches tall and weighs between 6 to 12 lbs.

Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois With Black Mask

If you asked us to sum up the Belgian Malinois in just three words, we would use smart, confident, and hardworking. There’s no doubt about it: this breed isn’t suited for every family. But, for the right family, he makes an incredibly loving and loyal dog who makes a fiercely dedicated canine companion. The Belgian Malinois is commonly referred to as the “Belgian Mal” or “the Mal” by breed enthusiasts. “The Mali” is also another common nickname. To say they are “active” is an understatement

Belgian Mastiff

The Belgian Mastiff is a strong dog with a short coat that can be brown-brindle, black, fawn or red in color. This breed stands between 27 and 32 inches tall and weighs between 99 to 110 lbs. Some question whether or not this breed is currently extinct.

Belgian Sheepdog

The Belgian Sheepdog is known for its herding ability and is generally found in all black or black with white markings. This dog usually stands at 24” tall and weighs around 60 lbs. The Belgian Sheepdog is one of four related Belgian Shepherd breeds.

Belgian Shepherd Groenendael

The Belgian Shepherd Groenendael has a muscular body with a weather resistant coat that can be black with white markings or solid black in color. Of the four Belgian shepherd dogs, this is the most popular and stands between 22 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 60 and 75 lbs. They can be prone to some health conditions, and are often mistakenly referred to as Belgian Sheepdogs.

Belgian Shepherd Laekenois

The Belgian Shepherd Laekenois has a rough wiry coat that can grow as long as 2 inches and can range in color from light fawn to deep mahogany. This is the rarest of the Belgian shepherd dogs and stands between 22 and 26 inches tall weighing in between 55 to 65 lbs.

Belgian Tervuren

Belgian Tervuren standing in grass

More affectionately known as the Terv, the Belgian Tervuren is one of four related Belgian Shepherd dog breeds. However, this canine is described as the most elegant of them all. But don’t let that description lead you to believe they are posh lap dogs. These guys are anything but. They are hardworking and capable of almost any task they are given.

Bergamasco

The Bergamasco has a unique coat that is made up of three types of hair that come together to form mats that give this dog a unique appearance. They look a lot like a mop and are also called the Bergamasco Sheepdog. The Bergamasco’s coat color ranges from silver grey to light black and the coat grows all the way to the floor. This breed grows to between 22 and 23 ½ inches tall and weighs in between 58 to 85 lbs.

Berger De Picard

The Berger de Picard is also known as the Picardy Shepherd or the Bacardi Shepherd. This dog stands between 21.5 and 26 inches tall and weighs in between 50 and 70 lbs. The Berger de Picard has thick, harsh fur that appears shaggy but is not soft. Coat colors of this breed include grey, red-grey, blue-grey and fawn. The Berger de Picard is a French dog breed, and quite rare to find.

Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog Female Outdoors

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a big, fluffy bundle of fun and love that looks exactly as you would expect. Bright-eyed, smiley, and super soft and cuddly with his shaggy fur and tri-colored good looks. The Berner is powerfully built and an established working breed. They were designed for work in the mountains but have quickly become a firm family favorite as a household companion. If you can handle their size, they are excellent, well-rounded dogs that can function well in just about any living situation. The Bernese Mountain Dog generally stands at 26” tall and weighs in between 85 – 110 lbs.

Bernese Mountain Dog Poodle (Bernedoodle)

Bernedoodle Outdoors in Snow

The adorable Bernedoodle is a cross between a Bernese Mountain Dog and a Poodle. This mixed breed is known for being playful yet gentle. The Bernese Mountain Dog Poodle mix loves to be around their family and does well around children. They are loyal but can be somewhat aloof around strangers, making socialization extremely important. Furthermore, they can also have some separation anxiety issues. The breed is well-loved due to their beautiful coats. They hardly shed at all, though this does not necessarily make them hypoallergenic.

Bichon Frise

This dog carries its tail up over its back and is always white in color but can have apricot, cream, or buff coloring. The Bichon Frise generally stands around 10” tall and weighs around 10 lbs. These pups stand out with their snow-white coats and round, adorable faces. The Bichon Frise is one of the cutest dog breeds you may ever encounter.

Bichon Frise Poodle (Poochon or Bichpoo)

Bichon Frise Mix Sitting

The Bichon Frise and Poodle mixed pup, more commonly known as the Poochon or Bichpoo, is an adorable little teddy bear dog who is winning the hearts of small dog lovers all around the world. Under all of that fluff, a super-intelligent dog can be found, so don’t be fooled by his teddy bear cuteness. In fact, both breeds are quite popular with dog owners and are often compared to one another by potential dog owners.

Biewer Terrier

Biewer Terrier standing in the grass

The Biewer Terrier is a rare, newer breed. These elegant-looking little fluffballs make wonderful pets and are quickly becoming one of the most popular breeds worldwide. They are also making a splash in the show dog world. Their long, silky coats are uniquely colored and make them stand out among small dog types. The coloration of the hair on the belly should be completely white, and the head should have symmetrical white blue and gold coloration.

Black and Tan Coonhound

A persistent and determined hunter, one of the few all-American breeds. These pups are large and friendly but are also fantastic hunting dogs. They were first bred and developed here in the United States and are truly homegrown hounds. Bred from a combination of Foxhounds and Bloodhounds, these pups are loyal, friendly, and highly active. They reach between 75 and 110 or so pounds and can stand as tall as 27 inches at the shoulder.

Black Mouth Cur

A cute Black Mouth Cur dog standing on the middle of a grass-covered field on a warm and sunny day

The Black Mouth Cur is an American-born and bred pooch from the southern states. Little is known about their history, and outside America, they are extremely rare. They are all-purpose dogs who excel on ranches, and families that own one say they would never own another dog breed. Curs are fearless and sensitive dogs rolled into one ball of doggy goodness.

Black Norwegian Elkhound

The Black Norwegian Elkhound stands between 18 and 21 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 60 lbs. This small dog has a curled tail that sits over the back and a double coat that is thick and hard to the touch. This weather-resistant coat is completely black in color.

Black Russian Terrier

A large, powerful breed developed in Russia as a guard dog. Black Russian Terriers are also referred to as the Chornyi Terrier. They were bred as military dogs but also make wonderful companion dogs. They have double coats of jet black hair, and can reach about 130 pounds. While they make good companion dogs, Black Russian Terriers are happiest when they have a job to do.

Bloodhound

Larger Dog Outside in Green Grass

The Bloodhound is a distinctive-looking dog with a split personality. On the one hand, he is the most docile, calm, and nap-loving dog in the world. But once his nostrils have caught a scent, he transforms into an active, inquisitive, tenacious dog. And one who will stop at nothing until he has found whatever it is he is searching for. They make excellent hunting companions and can also be extremely well-rounded family pets. But they also have some quirks to their lovable personalities and aren’t known for having the highest IQ.

Blue Lacy

The Blue Lacy is also known as the Texas State dog and stands between 18 and 23 inches tall and weigh between 30 and 50 lbs. The coat of this breed is short and slick and varies in color but includes: blue, red and tricolor. this blue pup makes a lovely companion, but are hard to find outside Texas.

Bluetick Coonhound

An excellent working and trailing dog; useful for treeing raccoons. The Bluetick Coonhound is another breed developed and bred here in America. They hail from Louisiana, and are skilled hunters of both large and small game. Blueticks reach between 45 and 80 pounds, and have a mottled coat with ticked patterning.

Boerboel

The Boerboel or the African Boerboel is a mastiff breed that can grow to 23 to 28 inches tall and can weigh between 150 to 200 lbs. This dog has a short thick coat that can be tawny, cream, red-brown, brown and brindle in coloration.

Bohemian Shepherd

The Bohemian Shepherd is believed to have come before the German Shepherd. This breed stands between 19 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 35 and 55 lbs. The Bohemian Shepherd has a fluffy medium length coat that can only be black and tan in coloration.

Bolognese

The Bolognese is a toy breed that stands between 10 and 12 inches tall and weighs between 4.5 and 9 lbs. This small, healthy breed has a long and fluffy coat that should be pure white in coloration. They are an Italian breed and make wonderful companions. Bolognese dogs are gentle, affectionate, and calm.

Bonsai Bulldogge

The Bonsai Bulldogge is a fairly healthy breed that stands up to 12 inches tall and weighs less than 25 lbs. This small dog has a short coat and any coloration is acceptable.

Border Collie

Border Collie playing with toy ball on couch indoors

The Border Collie is the most intelligent dog breed on the planet. Time after time, he herds the largest herds with ease and wins awards in agility, obedience, and service competitions. Border Collies have plenty of love and affection for their family in addition to their intelligence. This sweet, hardworking breed is popular with families worldwide. There’s a good reason for that.

Border Collie Poodle (Bordoodle)

Border Collie Poodle cross needing food

The Bordoodle combines the Border Collie with a Poodle. These two breeds are two of the smartest dogs in the world, so you can be sure you are getting an extremely intelligent pup. Bordoodles are energetic dogs that need plenty of physical and mental stimulation. They hate to be left alone for too long. If you are looking for a gorgeous teddy bear lookalike who also comes with brains, look no further than this pup.

Border Terrier

Border Terrier on leash with Neutral Bokeh Background

The Border Terrier is a big bundle of energy and full of affection and loyalty. These dogs are happy-go-lucky pooches who live life to the fullest. They are full of cheeky Terrier personalities, a hunting dog work ethic, and frenetic energy that needs an outlet. If left under-exercised, expect them to destroy your possessions and escape daily. But you can expect tons of fun, love, and canine companionship, all packed into a cute package.

Borzoi

Borzoi standing on beach near ocean

The Borzoi is known for their long size and silky coat. There is no doubt the beautiful Borzoi is one of the most regal, elegant-looking hounds in the canine kingdom. This longer-than-life pooch has an easy-going and relaxed personality that many dog lovers adore. But it’s true that not every family can offer them the lifestyle that they need to stay happy, healthy, and entertained.

Boston Terrier

Boston Terrier on Table

The Boston Terrier is a native American dog breed and is instantly recognizable. Lively, highly intelligent, and compact, he is renowned for being fun and having great manners. Terrific manners, combined with his suit-like coat, have earned him the nickname the ‘American Gentleman.’ Boston Terriers are well-balanced dogs, always ready to cuddle and chill, mixed with a fun side thanks to his terrier genes. It’s tough to find a better family dog if you are looking for a smaller dog breed. That being said, they can be independent at times, making them slightly more difficult to train than other breeds.

Bouviers des Flandres

Bouviers des Flandres

Bouviers des Flandres is an eager-to-please herding pooch. They are well-balanced and lovable dogs who bring joy to their families. The Bouvier des Flandres is a mighty pooch, best known for its incredible herding abilities and thick, shaggy coat. But they are much more than just versatile working dogs. These guys have a huge heart and love nothing more than feeling like an integral part of their human family.

Boxer

Boxer Laying on a Bed

A well-bred, well-socialized Boxer gets on well with everyone, including kids and other pets. Although they are pretty trainable, they can have a stubborn streak, but that’s generally viewed with amusement by their owners. This breed sits within the AKC’s “working group” of breeds. These dogs are very active and lively, needing lots of exercise and excelling in activities such as agility and flyball. These pups are Molosser breeds and share similar traits to other bully breeds like the Pitbull terrier.

Boykin Spaniel

The official state dog of South Carolina; good all-around hunter with a cheerful disposition. They reach between 25 and 40 pounds, and are sweet pups. Boykin Spaniels are friendly, highly adaptable, and make great family dogs as long as they get enough exercise.

Bracco Italiano

The Bracco Italiano is also known as the Italian pointer and the Italian setter. This dog stands between 22 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 88 lbs. The coat of this breed is short and sleek and should be orange and white, chestnut and white, orange roan or chestnut roan in color.

Braque du Bourbonnais

The Braque du Bourbonnais is also known as the French Pointer and stands between 18.5 and 22.5 inches tall, weighing between 35 and 55 lbs. The coat of this breed is short and fine and can be liver or fawn in coloration.

Brazilian Terrier

The Brazilian Terrier stands between 14 and 16 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 20 lbs. This small breed has a short coat that is always tri-colored. Accepted colors include white and tan with blue, black or brown markings.

Briard

Native to France, this breed is a vigorous and alert working dog. They are shaggy and quite large, reaching up to 100 or so pounds. The Briard breed is famous for its double layered coat of silky fur. These pups are herding dogs, and also make loyal, steadfast companions. The are also known as the Chien de Berger de Brie. They stand out for having very shaggy eyebrows and beards. Several Briard dogs have starred in entertainment ventures like television and family films.

Brittany

Medium sized with long legs, the Brittany is a good hunting and show dog. They were originally called the Brittany Spaniel, but the Spaniel was dropped from the name by the AKC. These medium sized pups reach between 30 and 40 pounds. This breed is fantastic for first time dog owners, as long as you can give them a lot of exercise. The Birttany is energetic, loyal, smart, and full of pep.

Broholmer

The Broholmer is also known as the Danish Broholmer and stands between 22 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 85 and 175 lbs. The coat of this breed is a short double coat with a thick under coat. Coat colors include yellow with a black mask, golden red and black.

Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon laying on sofa

The Brussels Griffon, with his remarkably expressive face and utterly devoted nature, could be the perfect dog for you. The Griff is known for having a range of facial expressions described as quite human in nature. His ability to encapsulate in a look exactly what he is thinking is a characteristic of the breed, and he loves nothing more than to share it with his special human. Griffs are sensitive and intelligent but fun-loving and full of energy.

Bukovina Sheepdog

The Bukovina sheepdog is a Romanian breed that stands between 25 and 30 inches tall and weigh between 70 and 100 lbs. The coat of this sheepdog is thick and long and grows thicker around the neck to give the appearance of a mane. The coat color of this breed should always be white but can have black, brindle or charcoal colored patches.

Bull Terrier

Playful white Bull Terrier dog with pink toy, funny portrait

The Bull Terrier is a truly memorable-looking dog. His long, egg-shaped head and strong profile make him look very regal. This dog is popular as both a pet and as a show dog. Despite the breed’s history and reputation as a fighter, this dog is a big softie. He loves his humans and wants to be everywhere they are. Bull Terriers are sweet, intelligent, and loyal. They often get a bad reputation due to their connection to the Bully dog family.

Bulldog

Known for their squashed faces Bulldogs can be fawn, white, red, fallow, piebald or brindle in coloring. The Bulldog generally stands at 15” tall and weighs around 45 lbs.

Bullmastiff

Known for their sheer size, the Bullmastiff can be fawn, brindle, or red in color. The Bullmastiff generally stands around 36” tall and can weigh between 100 – 130 pounds. Though they look ferocious, the Bullmastiff is a big sweetheart and, with proper training, makes both a lovable family pet and a highly effective guard dog.

Cairn Terrier

Known for appearing as Toto in The Wizard Of Oz the Cairn Terrier may be any color except for white. This energetic dog stands at 10” tall and weighs around 14 lbs. Hailing from the Scottish Highlands, these little pups are skilled at chasing away small critters. They make wonderful companions, but are high energy so be ready for a lot of one-on-one playtime.

Cambodian Razorback Dog

The Cambodian Razorback dog stands at around 20 inches tall and weighs up to 60 lbs. This breed has a long coat with a bushy tail and has the appearance of a tall “peak” of hair that runs down the back and is particularly pronounced. Accepted colors of this breed include white and black, brown, blue, and fawn.

Canaan Dog

An inquisitive and loyal herding and competition breed. Canaan dogs have ancient roots and were pivotal to the survival and protection of livestock. They are of medium size, reaching about 40 to 55 pounds. Canaan dogs have a wild like appearance, with a strong build and dense outer coat.

Cane Corso

Cane Corso Black Fur

The Cane Corso is an Italian Breed of Mastiff that were originally bred to protect property and help with farm tasks. They are natural protectors which makes sense given their name roughly translates to “bodyguard” in Latin. The Cane Corso is even-tempered, fiercely loyal, and intelligent. Their dominating appearance gives way to a dog who is easy to train and eager to please their owners.

Canis Panther

The Canis Panther stands between 24 and 30 inches tall and can weigh anywhere from 85 to 140 lbs. This is a short haired breed that has a solid color coat that can be chocolate, black, blue, fawn, buckskin or gray in color.

Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel

The Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel is also known as the Azores Cattle Dog and is a medium-sized breed. Standing between 19 and 24 inches tall, this breed can weigh between 45 and 90 pounds, with males being larger than females. This intelligent breed has a coat that encompasses red, yellow, and grey coloration; it may also feature white patches.

Cao da Serra da Estrela

The Cao da Serra da Estrela stands between 24 and 28 ½ inches tall and weighs between 85 and 110 lbs. This breed can have a long coat or a short coat depending on the breeding and the coat colors include: fawn, wolf grey and brindle.

Cao de Castro Laboreiro

The Cão de Castro Laboreiro is also known as the Portuguese Cattle dog and stands between 20 and 24 inches tall, weighing between 50 and 75 lbs. The short coat of this dog is thick and weather-resistant and comes in mahogany, chestnut, or black coloration.

Caravan Hound

The Caravan Hound is also recognized as the Mudhol Hound, the Maratha Hound, and the Pashmi Hound. This dog is slender in build and has a long, narrow skull. The Caravan hound stands between 23 and 29 inches tall and weighs between 48 to 62 pounds. This slim hound has a short, smooth coat or a silky fringed coat that comes in a wide variety of colors.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one part of the double Corgi duo. The Cardigan Corgi is the slightly less popular of the two Corgi types (not by much, though), but he is the original. Before welcoming one of these pups into your life, you’ll want to understand what this breed offers and know why they were bred. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi makes for a lovable family pet, but owning one doesn’t come without some quirks.

Carlin Pinscher

The Carlin Pinscher is a new breed that has been developed from cross breeding of the Miniature Pinscher and the Pug. This small dog stands between 11 and 13 inches tall and weighs between 12 and 14 pounds. This small mixed breed has a short, low shedding coat that is most often bred for black and tan coloration.

Carolina Dog

The Carolina dog is also recognized as the American Dingo or the Carolina dingo. This dog represents the wild dingo in appearance and stands between 17 to 24 inches tall and weighs between 30 and 44 pounds. The coat of this breed is short but very thick and comes in a variety of colors including: orange, red, ginger, sable, tan, beige, sand and yellow.

Carpathian Sheepdog

The Carpathian Sheepdog is also recognized as the Rumanian sheepdog, Carpathian Shepherd dog, Romanian Shepherd dog and the Carpatin. This large but nimble dog stands between 23 to 29 inches tall and weighs between 70 to 100 pounds. The coat of this breed is thick and rough and is often sandy or wolfish in coloration.

Catahoula Leopard Dog

Catahoula Leopard dog standing in field with red collar

The Catahoula Leopard Dog, also known by the monikers Catahoula Hog Dog, Catahoula Cur, and Louisiana Catahoula, is the only breed with roots in Louisiana. A medium to large, independent, working dog, the Catahoula is strong-bodied and strong-willed. The National Association of Louisiana Catahoulas has the motto, “not everyone needs a Catahoula.”

Catahoula Leopard Dogs are known for their unique coloration and muscular build. Particularly suited to hot, humid weather, these short-coated dogs are uniquely marked and can have any eye color.

Caucasian Shepherd

Two Caucasian Shepherd playing in a field

The Caucasian Shepherd is also recognized as the Caucasian Ovcharka, the Caucasian Sheepdog, the Kavkaskaia Ovtcharka, the Caucasian Owcharka, the Caucasian Mountain dog, the sage ghafghazi, the Kavkazskaia Ovtcharka, and the Caucasian Ovtcharka. This large breed stands between 25 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 99 and 154 pounds. This breed has a thick, dense coat that varies in color but includes fawn, gray, pied, tan, brindle, pied, and white.

The Caucasian Shepherd is a massive dog. They are also fluffy, giving them the nickname Russian Bear Dogs. These pups are protective and loyal but need an experienced owner who can see and enforce firm behavior expectations. Training must start young with this giant breed. Caucasian Shepherds can reach two hundred pounds and need plenty of room.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Blenheim Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the best of two doggy worlds. He is a mixture of pretty toy dogs bred for companionship blended with the energetic demeanor of sporting Spaniels. His sweet character and friendly nature have made him a firm family favorite. Over the last decade, he has found himself in the top 20 favorite dog breeds consistently ranked by the AKC. This breed is also known as the Comfort Cavalier, the Cavie, the Cav, and just the Cavalier. Originally founded in Britain, this breed goes all the way back to the 17th century. This breed is an excellent family companion, hence their “Comfort Cavalier” nickname.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Poodle (Cavapoo)

Cavapoo mixed breed outdoors

The Cavapoo is a relatively new designer dog whose parents are both purebred dogs. This mix is a sweet soul who craves human attention and affection all day long, but he also has a bit of a wild side that he has inherited from his Poodle parent. Cavapoos have been making a name for themselves over the last decade as extremely popular mixed-breed dogs.

Central Asian Ovtcharka Shepherd

Central Asian Shepherd

The Central Asian Ovtcharka is also recognized as the Middle Asian Ovtcharka, Mid-Asian Shepherd, Central Asian Sheepdog, Central Asian Shepherd Dog, Alabai, Sredneasiatskaïa Ovtcharka, and the Turkmen Alabai. This large dog stands between 24 and 32 inches tall and can weigh anywhere from 88 to 176 pounds. The dense coat of this breed can be either long or short-haired and comes in a variety of different colors.

This ancient breed has long worked alongside humans as herders and guard dogs. These colossal guardians are intelligent and very independent. This giant, fluffy pooch makes for a loving, loyal companion.

Cesky Terrier

A well-muscled hunting terrier originating in the Czech Republic. They are quite rare and have only been in America since about 1980. It’s estimated there are only about 600 Cesky Terriers in the country. They are full of energy, with adorable, serious faces. These pups are also referred to as Czech or Czesky Terriers.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Chesapeake Bay Retriever With Wavy Fur Standing on a Log

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever, affectionately nicknamed the “Chessie,” hails from Maryland– more specifically, the Chesapeake Bay area they get their name. They were originally used to hunt and retrieve waterfowl and have been bred to be excellent at this job. Chessies are hardy dogs with plenty of stamina and a great talent for swimming. They share these traits with the other dogs of the Retriever family. However, they aren’t as happy-go-lucky as other Retrievers and will often be quite strong-willed and independent.

Chihuahua

Black and Tan Chihuahua

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. But packed into his tiny body is a forceful and larger-than-life personality. He doesn’t see himself as little. In fact, he sees himself as Dogdom’s alpha. He thinks he can take on any person or any dog, and often he will. They can be charming, fun, and bold. But they aren’t suited to everyone and every family. Because these pups can be assertive, many owners let the behavior continue instead of correcting the problem. This leads to aggression, which can be dangerous. They also have a sweet side: they just need to be well-trained like any other dog breed.

Chinese Chongqing Dog

The Chinese Chongqing dog is an ancient Chinese breed hailing from Chongqing, China. This medium-sized dog stands between 14 and 19 ½ inches tall and weighs between 32 and 55 pounds. This dog has a thin coat that is deep brown and mahogany in color.

Chinese Crested

Old Chinese Crested dog in the summer in the park with long hair in face

The Chinese Crested, or “Crestie,” is an unusual breed with a long history of cohabiting with humans. These little creatures traveled the world and are recorded in history books accompanying explorers from many cultures. These adorable little critters are intelligent, playful companions. This is an almost hairless, unique-looking breed.

Chinese Imperial Dog

The Chinese Imperial dog is a compact and small dog. This dog stands under 9 inches tall and weighs under 9 pounds. The coat of this breed is mid-length and somewhat fluffy and can be a variety of colors.

Chinese Shar-Pei

Known for its wrinkled skin, the Shar-Pei has a tail that curls up over it’s back. The Shar-Pei can be any solid color and usually stands around 19” and weighs around 50 lbs. These pups have a face like a hippopotamus and a roly-poly body. Shar Pei pups are loyal and can even be called clingy when they grow attached.

Chinook

Chinook face sitting looking at camera with snow in the background

The Chinook is New Hampshire’s state dog and their answer to the Siberian Husky. They are impressive sled dogs capable of pulling heavy loads over vast areas with great speed. Chinooks are affectionate, gentle giants with sweet personalities who love children. They are also adaptable and mellow as long as their needs are met, which makes them an excellent pairing for active families.

Chow Chow

Known for its blue colored tongue the Chow Chow resembles a lion with its fluffy red, black, cinnamon, blue and cream colored coat. The Chow Chow generally stands at 18” tall and weighs around 60 lbs. They can be somewhat moody, and are often described as cat-like due to a highly curious nature.

The Cierny Seryl

The Cierny Sery is an athletic dog that stands between 22 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 44 to 66 pounds. The coat of this generally healthy breed is thin and doubled and head but dense to the touch. The Cierny Sery coat can be short, long, and rough in nature but should always be black and may have small brown or white markings.

Clumber Spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel is a long and low-built worker dog. These pups are quite mellow, and love to chill out. They are heavy framed, and walk low to the ground. carrying a good 70 to 85 pounds. Clumber Spaniels are the defnition of amaible, they are happy to do just about anything. They like activity but are not as high energy as many other hunting type dogs.

Cocker Spaniel Poodle (Cockapoo)

A cute Cockapoos peeking around a corner with toy in mouth

The Cockapoo is one of the original designer dogs. This pup is the product of the Poodle and the Cocker Spaniel. He’s been around for so long now that he has almost become a breed of his own. But not quite yet! He goes by many other names, with the Cockapoodle, Cockerpoo, Cock-a-Poo, and Spoodle being the most common variants. The Cockapoo happens to be one of the most popular Doodle mixes, as well as the most popular Cocker Spaniel crossbreed.

Corgi Poodle (Corgipoo)

Corgi Poodle Mix

What can be cuter than the Corgipoo? These adorable canines resemble Poodles with tiny legs. Their cuteness has made this mixed breed quickly rise in popularity. Corgis are already extremely popular in their own right, so it was only time before people started mixing them with other popular breeds like the labrador. Corgis are actually one of the more popular mixes in the “designer dog trend,” which means that you’ll frequently see them crossed with other breeds in an effort to make a Corgi hybrid that looks different than a purebred.

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear breed standing in field

The Coton de Tulear is a little white bundle of fluffy joy from Africa. This rare and rather exotic pup is becoming increasingly popular in America. So we figured that many of our readers are after the full canine Coton lowdown. This small pooch package is bright, charming, and always happy to see you. In all honesty, there isn’t much not to like about him.

Cretan Hound

The Cretan Hound is a slender breed that represents both a scent hound and a sighthound in appearance. This breed stands between 19 to 27 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 65 pounds. The coat of the Cretan Hound is short and can be white, sandy, fawn, cream, black, grey, brindle, bi-colored, or tri-colored.

Croatian Sheepdog

The Croatian Sheepdog is also known as the Hrvatski Ovcar. This intelligent and alert dog stands between 16 to 21 inches tall and weighs between 29 and 43 pounds. The coat of this sheepdog is short on the legs and head but longer and curly on the rest of the body. The coat of this breed is always black but may also show small white patches.

Curly-Coated Retriever

The Curly Coated Retriever is a strong and agile multi-purpose hunter and companion. they are one of the oldest of the retriever breeds, and hail from England. They are not simply Labrador Retrievers crossed with Poodles. These pups are their own unique breed, descended from a cross of two now-extinct breeds, the English Water Spaniel and the Retrieving Setter. Today’s Curly Coated Retrievers do have some Poodle crossing, as it helps further their distinctive curly coat. They can be quite large, reaching 60 to 95 pounds.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a large new breed of dog that stands at a minimum of 24 inches tall or 26 inches tall for females and males respectively. This breed weighs in at 44 pounds for the average female and 54 pounds for the average male. Wolf-like in appearance, this dog has a lifespan of around 16 years.

Dachshund

Dachshund puppies on a log outside with colored collars

Dachshunds, or Doxies as they’re also fondly known, are classed by the American Kennel Club as members of the hound group. Originally, Dachshunds were larger than they are today and were used to hunt badgers. Packs of these plucky little dogs were even used to track wild boar! Smaller versions of the Dachshund were also bred to pursue tunneling animals such as foxes and rabbits.

Dakotah Shepherd

The Dakotah Shepherd is a relatively new breed that resulted from the breeding of English Shepherds, Border Collies and Australian Kelpies. This breed stands between 17 and 21 inches tall and weighs between 35 to 50 pounds. This breed has no average life expectancy data available at this time.

Dalmatian

Two Spotted Dalmations Lounging Next to Each Other

Thanks to Disney’s 101 Dalmatians, Dalmatians have become one of the world’s most recognizable breeds. They are also known as Carriage Dogs, Spotted Coach Dogs, Firehouse Dogs, and Plum Pudding Dogs. As that last name suggests, Dalmatians are most known for their spotted coat and sleek physique.

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

This small Scottish breed has a long, low body and sword-like tail. They stand out for a unique appreance, with long bodies, short legs, and a messy head of hair. though very cute, they can be fiesty and are better in families with older children.

Danish Brohlmer

The Danish Broholmer is a mastiff type breed and as such it is a large dog. Standing between 22 to 30 inches tall, this dog weighs between 87 to 176 pounds. This breed can live anywhere from 6 – 11 years.

Danish-Swedish Farmdog

The Danish-Swedish Farmdog has an appearance similar to that of the jack Russell. This dog stands between 12 to 14 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 25 lbs. This is a generally healthy breed which lives between 10 to 15 years.

Denmark Feist

The Denmark Feist is a breed only currently recognized by the DRA. This breed adapt for hunting and ratting work.

Deutscher Wachtelhund

The Deutscher Wachtelhund is also recognized as the German Water spaniel. This medium sized dog stands between 17 ¾ and 21 1/4 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 65 lbs. The average lifespan of this water dog is 12 to 14 years.

Dingo

Wild Dingo in the outback desert country of Queensland, Australia.

Dingo dogs are synonymous with Australia, although they are not native to the continent. They have inhabited the area long enough to have displaced a previous top predator, the thylacine, and were responsible for the thylacine’s disappearance from mainland Australia. They have also been blamed for the decline of the Tasmanian Devil.

Doberman Pinscher

Scary Looking Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinschers, also sometimes called the “Dobie,” are formidable-looking canines. Despite this, Dobermans are one of the sweetest dogs in the canine kingdom. And it is for this reason that he makes an awesome family pet!

Dogo Argentino

Dogo Argentino standing tall on leash

While some breeds date back centuries, others have been created to meet a specific need within the last hundred years. In 1928, Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez of Argentina created the Dogo Argentino to be a loving family companion capable of hunting wild boar. If you are an experienced dog owner looking for a companion who is good with children.

Dogue de Bordeaux

A powerful and muscular French breed with a massive head. The Dogue de Bordeaux is also known as the French Mastiff. These pups are huge, weighing between 99 and 145 pounds. They have wrinkly faces, giving them a grumpy expression. The size of their hearts matches their bodies, as they are very patient and sweet.

Dorset Olde Tyme Bulldogge

The Dorset olde tyme bulldogge is a medium sized dog that stands between 19 to 21 inches tall and weighs between 60 to 90 pounds. This is a very healthy breed that can live up to 14 years.

Drever

The Drever is a smaller, straight-legged dog that stands between 11 and 16 inches tall and weighs between 32 and 34 pounds. An active hunting dog, the Drever is a relatively healthy breed and has a life expectancy of around 12 to 14 years.

Dutch Shepherd

This is a herding dog that was used by shepherds and farmers. The breed is athletic, alert, and intelligent. Dutch Shepherds hail from the Netherlands and are versatile working dogs. They are often confused with German Shepherds, but have differnt coats, are smaller in build, and have more energy.

Dutch Smoushond

The Dutch Smoushond is a terrier breed and grows to between 14 and 17 inches tall, weighing just 20 to 22 pounds. This is a relatively healthy breed and has an average lifespan of between 12 and 15 years.

East European Shepherd

The East-European Shepherd is also known as the Owczarek Wschodnioeuropejski, the Vostochnoevropejskaya ovcharka and the VEO. This is a working dog that was developed from the German Shepherd to work in the army. The East European Shepherd stands between 24 and 30 inches tall and weighs 73 and 115 lbs. This is a relatively healthy breed that has an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years.

English Bulldog

English Bulldog Walking on Grass

The English Bulldog is one of the most easily recognizable breeds in the world! With his squat, sturdy frame and wrinkled, jowly face, these pups’ certainly don’t go unnoticed in the dog park. So, it’s no surprise that bulldogs are extremely popular as family pets, ranking at number four of 193 breeds, according to the American Kennel Club. The AKC classifies the breed as members of the non-sporting group.

English Cocker Spaniel

English Cocker Spaniel puppy portrait with blooming flowers in the background

The adjectives used to describe the English Cocker Spaniel include merry, athletic, and intelligent. The English Cocker Spaniel was originally developed to hunt woodcock – large, short-legged wading birds that are primarily nocturnal and spend most of the day in dense cover. English Cockers are larger dogs than their American cousins. Leggier and built to hunt and retrieve, the English Cocker is a quick study and ideal sport dog.

English Foxhound

A very versatile hunting dog with stamina and a great nose. English Foxhounds belong to the group of four Foxhound breeds. They are related to the American Foxhound. As pack hounds, they like to be with other dogs and do well in families with more than one pet. These pups are very active and need a lot of daily activity.

English Mastiff

Massive Dog Close Up

The Mastiff, who is sometimes commonly referred to as the English Mastiff or the Old English Mastiff, is one giant dog. He is handsome, sweet, and gentle, but boy, is he big! His size alone means that he is not suitable for many family homes. So, you’ve really got to size him up before you commit to taking him on.

English Setter

English Setter dog looking to the right

The English Setter is a big bundle of energy and full of affection and loyalty. The breed is known as the gentleman (or gentle lady!) of the canine world because they are professional and capable hunters with an air of elegance and grace rolled into one package. They are sweet, fun, and family-friendly.

English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniels are an excitable, affectionate bunch of dogs. They’ve had a long history as valued companions on the hunt. Their name comes from their ability to “spring” game. Beyond their athleticism, these dogs are known for their charm and love of life. Their happy-go-lucky demeanors make them great family pets; Springers seem to bring cheer wherever they go!

English Shepherd

The English Shepherd is a herding breed developed by the Romans as a sheep and cattle herder. This herding dog stands between 18 to 23 inches tall and weighs between 40 to 60 lbs. This dog is prone to dysplasia and carries the MDR1 gene. This is a dog suited to hunting and watchdog work. The English Shepherd is also called the American Farm Shepherd.

English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel is thought to have originated in ancient Japan. These pups are small, square-bodied dogs with a coat resembling a royal cape. They reach just 14 pounds but are full of sweet personality. In England, these pups are sometimes called the King Charles Spaniel, leading to them often being confused with Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. They have long, silky coats, adorable smushed-in faces, and large, dark eyes.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

This is a medium-sized, strong dog of Swiss origin. They reach between 45 and 65 pounds and have a ton of energy. These pups have tri-colored coats with black, white, and rust colorings. They also have blaze patterning on the face. The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is highly intelligent and a bit stubborn, but makes a lovely pet with proper training.

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound is a hound dog that is recognized as the only dog breed developed in Estonia. This dog stands between 17 and 21 inches tall and weighs between 30 to 45 lbs. A relatively healthy breed, this dog is very vocal and has an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years.

Eurasier

The Eurasier, also known as the Eurasian or the Eurasian Spitz, is an intelligent breed that is most often kept as a companion dog and is easily trained. It stands between 16 and 24 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 70 pounds. This relatively healthy breed has an average lifespan of 11 to 13 years.

Farm Collie

The Farm Collie, also known as the Scotch Collie and the Old Farm Collie, is a herding breed developed more for its working ethic than for its physical appearance. This breed stands between 19 and 24 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 70 pounds. It is a relatively healthy dog with an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years.

Feist

The Feist is actually a type of dog that encompasses a number of breeds. Developed in the United States for hunting small game and wildlife, there is no consistent appearance among these breeds other than they are all smaller dogs. The only Feist breed to be recognized by the United Kennel Club is the Treeing Feist.

Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel is a medium-sized dog built for activity and endurance. The breed was developed to be striking all-black show dogs and is known for its intelligence and friendly temperament. Field Spaniels look somewhat like larger Cocker Spaniels but have lower energy. They are hearty pups who need a lot of exercise and daily interaction.

Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro is also recognized as the Brazilian Mastiff, the Brazilian Molosser and the Cao de Fila. This large breed stands between 25 to 30 inches tall and weighs between 90 to 110 lbs. This is a strong dog that demands an experienced owner as it is not tolerant of strangers in its territory. This dog is prone to hip dysplasia, bloating, elbow dysplasia, and progressive retinal atrophy. The average lifespan of this breed is 9 – 11 years.

Finnish Hound

The Finnish Hound is also known as the Suomenajokoira and the Finsk Stovare. This short-coated hound is tan with a black saddle, stands between 20 and 24 inches tall, and weighs between 45 and 55 pounds. Originally bred for hunting, this talkative breed requires regular exercise and has few known health problems. The average life span of the Finnish Hound is around 12 years.

Finnish Lapphund

This herding breed loves to be around people and is happiest when part of a pack. Finnish Lapphunds hail from the Arctic Circle and were bred by the people of Lapland, also known as the Sami or Lapp. Also called the Lappy, these tough pups can survive harsh conditions but are also lovable companions. They reach between 33 and 53 pounds.

Finnish Spitz

In his homeland of Finland, the Finnish Spitz is a highly sought-after breed. These small hunting dogs, between 20 and 30 pounds, are skilled at hunting game of all sizes. They are fairly rare and get mistaken for the Shiba Inu due to their double coat and erect ears.

Flat-Coated Retriever

Typical Flat Coated Retriever in the meadow

Most everyone knows a Golden Retriever, and perhaps you’ve heard someone refer to a “black” Golden Retriever and found yourself intrigued. These folks likely met a Flat-Coated Retriever (FCR). The Flat-Coated Retriever was a predecessor of the Golden and resembles it at a cursory glance, but the Flat-Coat has distinct differences both in appearance and temperament. Created as a breed in the 1880s, the Flat-Coated Retriever has a well-earned reputation as the happiest dog in town.

French Brittany Spaniel

The French Brittany Spaniel is also known as Le Fougueux, Epagneul Breton, and the French Brittany. This breed is similar to the American Brittany but is known for having stronger hunting instincts. A French Britany stands between 17 and 21 inches tall and weighs between 30 to 40 pounds. This breed requires regular exercise and has no known health problems.

French Bulldog

Brindle French Bulldog

French Bulldogs, or Frenchies, are tiny bundles of joy. They are family dogs, love attention, and will happily spend time with kids and adults. Many dog owners, from apartment dwellers to dedicated dog owners with massive yards, are huge fans of this lovable canine companion. The result of breeding miniature bulldogs, Frenchies love people and fit well into small families. They are small, comfortable with limited living spaces, and require quick daily walks. However, they do tend to be challenging to keep healthy, and many have an independent, stubborn streak.

French Spaniel

The French Spaniel is also known as the Epaneul Francais and the Épagneul Français. This intelligent breed stands between 21 and 24 inches tall and weighs between 44 and 55 pounds. This is an active breed that has high stamina, and it requires plenty of room to run, so it does not do well in apartment life.

Galgo Espanol

The Galgo Espanol is also known as the Spanish Greyhound and stands between 23 to 28 inches tall and weighs between 44 and 66 pounds. This athletic breed requires regular exercise to thrive. The average lifespan of this breed is around

German Hunt Terrier

The German Hunt Terrier is also known as the German Hunting Terrier, the Deutscher Jagdterrier and the Jagdterrier. This is a square shaped breed that stands around 16” tall and weighs between 20 and 22 pounds. This terrier breed requires a job to thrive and rigorous daily exercise is necessary.

German Longhaired Pointer

German Longhaired Pointer at the beach

While we typically think of the difference between setters and pointers today being a matter of coat length, the German Longhaired Pointer has a longer coat like one of the setter breeds. The GLP is the continental version of a setter and a direct result of the quest to create the all-around hunting dog. He searches, points, tracks, and retrieves game on land or water. Like all German Pointers, the German Longhaired Pointer has webbed feet, making him exceptionally skilled in the water.

German Shepherd

German Shepherd Eating Piece of Fruit

The handsome, noble German Shepherd is a member of the herding group, and he is currently the second most popular dog breed in the U.S., only behind the Labrador Retriever. German Shepherds are big dogs that need plenty of space, so one of these pups won’t suit you if you live in a small apartment without a garden. As he was bred to be a working dog, the German Shepherd needs lots of exercise and games to keep his body and brain occupied. So, be warned, these pups are not couch potatoes.

German Shorthaired Pointer

German Shorthaired Pointer

The German Shorthaired Pointer (GSP) is one of the least well-known popular dogs. He has steadily risen in the American Kennel Club popularity contest each year. And recently, he has consistently found himself amongst the top 10 most popular dog breeds. More popular than Huskies, Boxer dogs, and Dachshunds, the German Shorthaired Pointer is a dog breed that’s surged in popularity as a family dog across the world in the last decade.

German Spitz Giant

The German Spitz also known as the Giant German Spitz, Deutscher grossspitz, great spitz, Deutscher spitz klein giant and goss spitz. This breed stands between 16 to 17 inches tall and weighs between 38 and 40 pounds. A confident dog this breed requires regular grooming and a daily walk. Few health concerns are known in this breed and the average life span is between 12 and 13 years. There are also medium (23 – 41 lbs), and small German Spitzes (18 -22 lbs).

German Wirehaired Pointer

German Wirehaired Pointers standing in grass faces up close

This pup is medium-sized and extremely high energy. They love exercise and make the perfect companion for an active family. German Wirehaired Pointers are very agile and strong and love to chase small prey like cats. These pups can be a bit clingy and may develop separation anxiety if left home alone for too long. They are highly intelligent and love to learn new games and tricks.

Giant Maso Mastiff

The Giant Maso Mastiff is a very large breed that stands between 27 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 130 to 200 pounds. While large, this breed can adjust to apartment living with adequate exercise to maintain a healthy weight. Like most giant breeds the giant maso mastiff is prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, bone cancer and bloat.

Giant Schnauzer

The Giant Schnauzer has a wiry water-resistant coat and is always solid black or salt and pepper in coloring. It generally stands 26” tall and weighs around 75 lbs. These pups have a dominant personality and need a confident owner. The Giant is the largest of the Schnauzer breeds and originates from Germany.

Glen of Imaal Terrier

A working terrier native to Ireland, the Glen of Imaal Terrier is very rare, with under 1,000 known to be alive today. They reach between 30 and 40 lbs and have wiry, medium-length coats with inquisitive, fuzzy faces. It is an exceptional treat to meet one of these little pups. They have only been recognized by the AKC since 2004.

Golddust Yorkshire Terrier

The Golddust Yorkshire Terrier is a toy-sized breed with long silky hair that hangs down and is white gold in color. This breed stands between 8-10 inches tall and weighs up to 11 pounds. This breed has a tendency towards digestive difficulty but with a catered diet this breed has a life span expectancy of between 12 and 15 years.

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever Laying in Grass

Golden Retrievers are gundogs that are bred to work in the hunting field, retrieving shot water and game birds. However, the breed also makes a great family pet. The trustworthy Golden is always eager to please and is also highly trainable. These pups just never seem to grow out of their puppyhood, remaining happy, playful, and sanguine right through to their senior years. Goldens love kids, other dogs, and even the family cat!

Golden Retriever Doodle (Goldendoodle)

Handsome Fluffy Brown Goldendoodle

The Goldendoodle is one of the most popular designer dogs on the planet. And it’s not surprising how much popularity this hybrid dog has gained since his recent creation. But does this mean he is the right dog for you and your family? Not necessarily! A crossbreed of the Golden Retriever and the Poodle, this pup is a big hit with families of all shapes and sizes. But there is more to him than his gorgeous teddy bear looks.

Gonczy Polski

The Gonczy Polski is also known as the Polish hunting dog. This slender breed is generally a healthy breed that stands between 19 to 23 inches tall. This dog requires plenty of exercise as well as a strong leader. This is a hound dog that excels in sporting activities.

Great Dane

Two Great Danes on a Road in the Woods

The Great Dane is one of the most instantly recognizable dogs on the planet. He is the second tallest dog in the world. People not familiar with the breed may likely ignore them altogether due to their imposing looks. But those who know this breed know that he is one of the biggest doggy goofballs on the planet. And yes, it’s true what they say, this pup is a sucker for Scooby snacks!

Great Pyrenees

Great Pyrenees Dog Outside Leaning on Owner

The Great Pyrenees is one of the most ancient dog breeds in existence. Going back to the Bronze Age, he is one of the original canine companions that’s had a paw in creating many other large dog breeds. He is one of the best canine defenders and will protect his family, estate, flock, or bucket of toys with his life. This furry-looking polar bear lookalike isn’t the perfect breed for everyone, though. The Pyrenees can be a very stubborn breed, making them difficult to train. Their larger size can also be a deal-breaker for many families that don’t have space for the breed to roam.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, or Swissy is a working breed popular in Switzerland. These pups are family-friendly and have a gentle temperament. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a large breed, reaching 140 pounds. They often get confused for the Bernese Mountain dog, but are not the same breed.

Greek Hound

The Greek Hound is also known as the Hellenikos Ichnilatis, Greek Harehound, and the Hellenic Hound. This slender dog has an athletic build and stands between 18 and 22 inches tall, and weighs between 38 and 45 pounds. This dog does better with an experienced handler and requires plenty of exercise and freedom to thrive. This dog will not thrive in an apartment lifestyle. The Greek hound has an excellent health record and has an average life span of around 11 years.

Greek Sheepdog

The Greek sheepdog is also known as the Greek Shepherd and the Hellenikos Poimenikos. This solidly built dog stands between 23 to 29 inches tall and weighs in between 70 to 110 pounds. The Greek sheepdog is a very energetic dog that requires plenty of room to run. This is a solid breed with few health concerns that has an average lifespan of 12 years.

Greenland Dog

The Greenland Dog is also known as the Gronlandshunden or the Greenland Husky. This breed is similar to the Canadian Eskimo Sleddog however; it is lighter and taller in appearance. This breed stands between 22 and 25 inches tall and weighs between 65 and 70 pounds. This healthy breed needs plenty of exercise. The average lifespan of this dog is around 13 years.

Greyhound

Greyhound Dog standing tall in lawn

With their lightning-fast running speed, Greyhounds have made a great name for themselves as the fastest dog in the world. They run at around 45 miles per hour, which is an incredible feat. Greyhounds have been around since ancient times, both as a royal status symbol and as the fearless companions of hunters. This has made them much beloved for countless generations. Many Greyhounds still partake in the hunt, with their impressive agility scoring the win in the fields and forests. The Greyhound is a fantastic athlete and does well in competitive agility, obedience, and lure coursing.

Grosser Munsterlander Vorstehhund

The Grosser Münsterländer Vorstehhund is also known as the Large Munsterlander. This breed stands between 23 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 50 and 70 pounds. This dog is not a couch potato and constantly wants to play or keep moving. The biggest health concern for this breed is hip dysplasia. The average lifespan of this breed is 12 to 13 years.

Hairless Khala

The Hairless Khala is also known as the Hairless Khala Medio, Hairless Khala Grande, and the Pila. This small hairless breed comes in two varieties: medio and grande. The Hairless Khala medio stands between 14 and 17 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 30 pounds. The Hairless Khala grande stands between 17 and 20 inches and weighs between 18 and 30 pounds.

Hamiltonstovare

Hamiltonstovare standing outside in the grass

The Hamiltonstovare is an incredibly rare breed that you have likely never seen. Also known as the Hamilton Hound, there is currently only one Hamiltonstovare breeder registered in North America. Originally known as the Swedish Foxhound, the breed is easy to train and eager to please. Originally bred as hunting dogs, they love to run and track prey. Once inside, they are relaxed and doting pets. Like all hounds, they have a stubborn streak and may not want to listen at times.

Harrier

The Harrier is a scenthound developed in England to chase hares. These hounds are medium-sized, with large hanging ears. They look like larger, more muscular Beagles. Like the Beagle, Harriers can be quite vocal but are very outgoing and friendly. They reach between 45 and 65 pounds and have muscular bodies.

Havanese

White Havanese dog laying in pile of leaves

The Havanese is a royal pup, and he has a touch of luxury about him. It’s easy to see why many Havanese owners worldwide fall head over (Cuban) heels in love with him. His beautiful silky locks and adoring personality that places his owner on a pedestal are just a few of the many traits that we love about him. He is an energetic and intelligent breed that makes him a fabulous companion and a top tier entertainer.

Hokkaido Dog

The Hokkaido dog or Hokkaido Inu is a Japanese dog breed also known as the Hokkaidoken, Hokkaido, Ainu-Ken, and Ainu Inu. This sturdy dog is fearless and requires appropriate socialization. The Hokkaido dog stands between 18 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 65 pounds. There are few known health concerns with this breed which has an average lifespan of 11 to 13 years.

Hovawart

The Hovawart is similar to the Golden Retriever in appearance and stands between 23 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 90 pounds. This is a healthy breed; however, some lines have been known to have hip dysplasia or an underactive thyroid. These dogs are not suited to apartment life. The average lifespan of the Hovawart is between 10 and 14 years.

Hungarian Puli

The Hungarian Puli is also known as the Pulik, Puli, and Hungarian water dog. This breed is commonly recognized for its long corded coat. This medium-sized dog stands between 14 ¼ to 17 ½ inches tall and weighs between 20 and 35 pounds. This is a hardy breed without many known health concerns. The Puli requires plenty of exercise. The average lifespan of this breed is around 12 years.

Hungarian Wire-Haired Pointing Dog

The Hungarian Wire-Haired Pointing Dog is also known as the Wirehaired Vizsla, Hungarian Wire-Haired Pointing Dog and the Drotzoru Magyar Vizsla. This is a gentle breed that stands between 21 and 25 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 60 pounds. This breed is prone to hip dysplasia and has an average life span of 12 to 15 years.

Huntaway

New Zealand Huntaway dog sitting in grass

The Huntaway is becoming more and more enamored with this dog. Based on his name alone, the Huntaway is an adventure waiting to happen. The trainability and ruggedness of this breed make the Huntaway an excellent fit for the right family. Still, these working dogs retain those original herding traits and best suit a family that can embrace their unique character.

Husky Poodle (Huskydoodle)

Huskydoodle Outdoors

The Poodle and Siberian Husky mix has many nicknames, including the Huskydoodle, Poosky, Siberpoo, and the Huskypoo. The Huskypoo is a very new designer dog in town, which is the product of the Siberian Husky and the Poodle, who are both purebreds. When mixing these breeds, you get one adorable pup. As the Huskypoo is a relatively new mixed breed dog, he is not considered to be a purebred dog, and he typically will not be accepted as such by most kennel clubs until there are at least three steady generations of the Huskypoo.

Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is a deer-like hound with round ears. They are a rare, and very old breed, that are famed as hunters and companions. Ibizan Hounds are wonderful at performace sports, and have high energy.

Inca Hairless Dog

The Inca Hairless Dog is also known as the Peruvian Inca Orchid, PIO, Moonflower Dog, Perro Flora, Perro sin pelo del Peru, Al’co Calato and the Peruvian Hairless Dog. This dog has soft skin and no noticeable fur. This breed stands between 20 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 26 and 50 pounds. The Inca hairless dog is not the healthiest breed and is prone to skin and teeth problems. The average lifespan of this breed is between 11 and 12 years.

Irish Setter

Known for its silky red coat the Irish Setter can also be red and white in color. The Irish Setter stands on average 25” tall and weighs 65 to 70 lbs. They are friendly dogs, who make wonderful companions for active families. Irish Setters have an elegant appearance, with elongated necks, and long, curly haired ears.

Irish Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Irish Staffordshire Bull Terrier is also known as the Irish staff or the Irish staffie. This is a solidly built breed that is very muscular. This breed stands between 17 and 24 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 77 pounds. The Irish Staffordshire Bull Terrier requires plenty of exercise and can easily become overweight. The average lifespan of this breed is 10 to 16 years.

Irish Terrier

The adorable Irish Terrier is a well-tempered breed with a beautiful red coat. They are very playful and have a high amount of energy, so they need active families. The wiry breed from Ireland has a lifespan of 12 to 16 years. Irish Terriers reach between 22 and 27 pounds and make lovely companions for small homes and apartments, as long as they get enough physical activity.

Irish Water Spaniel

Water Spaniels are strong and intelligent, with a thick, curly tail. They are very tall dogs with a slender build. This pup loves to learn and make people happy but can be somewhat stubborn. Their water-resistant coats and breeding as water dogs make them great swimmers.

Irish Wolfhound

Two Irish Wolfhound in a Field

Have you ever found yourself wondering why the Irish Wolfhound is called so? It’s because he was used for hunting wolves in Ireland, amongst many other things. And although he isn’t used for this purpose anymore, it’s not hard to imagine, thanks to his size and strength. Irish Wolfhounds are one of those dogs that you need to see in person to believe his sheer size! For this reason, he doesn’t make the best apartment doggo. This, amongst many other reasons we’ll run you through in this breed guide, makes him unsuitable for all families.

Italian Greyhound

Italian Greyhound Running in Field

The Italian Greyhound is proof that great things come in small packages. As the miniature version of the Greyhound, they have catlike reflexes and lightning-fast speed. However, they’re most content cuddling up with their owners on the couch, especially if they have a warm lap to lay in. That being said, they are also an athletic breed. These dogs were bred as sighthounds, and many of them still take on hunting duties.

Italian Hound

The Italian Hound is also known as the Italian Segugio, the Segugio, and the Italian Hound. The breed stands between 19 and 23 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 62 pounds. This breed is available in short-haired and a wire-haired variety. The Italian Hound’s bark is very high-pitched and distinguished. This is an exceptionally intelligent breed. A very healthy breed, the Italian hound has a lifespan of between 10 and 14 years.

Italian Spinone

The Italian Spinone is also known as the Italian Wire-haired Pointing Dog and the Italian Pointer. This wiry-haired breed has a square-shaped muzzle and is well suited to hunting. This breed stands between 22 ½ to 27 ½ inches tall and weighs between 61 and 85 pounds. Health concerns for this breed include hip dysplasia, bloating, and cerebellar ataxia. The average life expectancy of this breed is around 12 years.

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier standing in grass with a stick in mouth

The Jack Russell Terrier is often confused with two other recognized breeds, the Parson and the Russell Terrier. Although all three breeds look similar and are related, they are fundamentally quite different. The Jack Russell is a super-active, feisty little dog that loves to dig and chase prey animals such as squirrels, rabbits, and your neighbor’s cat. These extremely intelligent, opinionated terriers do best in a home where they are kept occupied, hunting rats in your barn, riding out with you, or competing in earth-dog tests and terrier races.

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin sitting outside in grass with tongue out

Although the Japanese Chin is tiny at a mere seven to eleven pounds, his presence carries tremendous weight. Chins rule their families gently and allow themselves to be loved and cherished. They reward their subjects with quiet companionship and a joyful disposition. Once positioned in Imperial Palaces, the Japanese Chin was considered more valuable than gold.

Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz is a long haired breed that stands between 12 and 15 inches tall and weighs between 11 and 20 pounds. This dog always has a solid white coat with a tail that curls over the dogs back. This intelligent dog requires a long daily walk and regular grooming. A relatively healthy breed, the Japanese Spitz has a life expectancy of around 12 years.

Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier is an active small breed that stands between 8 to 13 inches tall and weighs between 5 to 9 pounds. This is a short haired breed that has a white coat with black and tan markings. Japanese Terriers are a rare breed and require daily walks. This is not a breed that can be trusted with other household pets.

Jindo

The Jindo is also known as the Korean Jindo or the Jindo dog. This medium sized spitz type breed comes from Korea and looks similar to the Akita and Shiba Inu in appearance. The Jindo stands between 16 to 25 inches tall and weighs between 25 and 50 pounds. This is a strong-willed dog that requires plenty of freedom to move, and as such, it is not a dog suited to apartment life. The significant health concern with this breed is hypothyroidism. The average lifespan for this breed is 12 to 15 years.

Kai Dog

The Kai dog is also known as the Kai Ken, the Kai Inu, Tora Inu, and Tiger Dog. This is a Japanese breed that is particularly rare, even in Japan. The Kai dog is a medium breed that stands between 17 and 22 inches tall and has a tail that curls over the back of the dog. The coat of this breed is brindle.

Kangal

Kangal barking

The Kangal’s bite force has been measured at 743 PSI, or pounds per square inch, the strongest bite in the dog world. For comparison, the American Pit Bull’s bite force is 235 PSI, and a wolf/dog hybrid bites at 406 PSI. If a Kangal bites, it has the potential to do a tremendous amount of damage, and that must be a consideration if you choose to keep one. Kangals need a job. Although some farmers allow them to come into the house, they are not house pets.

Kangaroo Dog

The Kangaroo dog is also known as the Australian Greyhound, Kangaroo Hound, and Australian Kangaroo dog. This breed is a sighthound that varies greatly in appearance since it was bred for purpose rather than appearance. These dogs are rare but are found more often in warmer areas of Australia, where they are better suited to the climate.

Karabash

The Karabash is most commonly known as the Anatolian Shepherd Dog but is also recognized as the Coban Kopegi, Karabas, Perro de pastor de Anatolia, Anatolischer Hirtenhund, and Chien de Berger d’Anatolie. Anatolian Shepherds are large, reaching 150 or more pounds. They are highly independent and love to work. These pups can be quite intimidating to those who do not personally know them.

Karakachan

The Karakachan is also known as the Bulgarian shepherd dog. This breed stands between 25 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 88 and 125 pounds. This is a working breed that requires plenty of space to roam in addition to a job to do. This dog requires a firm and consistent trainer as well as plenty of socialization. Not much is known about potential health concerns with this breed. The average lifespan for this large working dog is between 12 to 14 years.

Karelian Bear Dog

The Karelian Bear Dog is also known as the Karelsk Bjornhund, the Karjalankarhukoira, and the Karelischer Barenhund. This is a short-haired breed that stands between 19 to 23 inches tall and weighs between 45 to 50 pounds. This healthy breed does not do well with apartment life but is a fairly healthy breed. The average lifespan for this active dog is between 10 to 12 years.

Karst Shepherd

The Karst Shepherd is also known as the Karst Sheepdog, the Istrian Sheepdog, the Krasky Ovcar, and the Krasevec. This is a medium-sized dog that is iron grey in color and stands between 21 and 25 inches tall. The Karst Shepherd weighs between 58 to 88 pounds. This breed does not thrive in small spaces and requires plenty of exercise. A relatively healthy breed, the Karst Shepherd has an average lifespan of between 11 and 12 years.

Keeshond

Keeshond walking outside behind a person on sidewalk

The Keeshond is a Spitz-type pooch that looks much like the Pomeranian but is much bigger and fluffier. Their black, gray, and cream coat colors and unique markings also make them look wolf-like, so you might have heard of them being called the Wolfspitz. Not only are they gorgeous, but they also have a personality to match. They are super friendly, always happy, and chilled to be around.

Kemmer Feist

The Kemmer Feist is also known as the Kemmer Stock Mountain Cur and the Kemmer Stock Cur. This breed stands around 15 inches tall and weighs between 14 to 20 pounds. This is a dog that requires plenty of exercise and can excel in agility and obedience. While this is a relatively healthy breed, it does have a shorter lifespan of between 10 and 12 years.

King Shepherd

The King Shepherd has the appearance of a large German Shepherd to the untrained eye. This large breed comes with two coat types: the coarse haired variety and the straight longhaired variety. The King Shepherd stands between 25 and 29 inches tall and weighs between 90 and 150 pounds. This dog requires plenty of exercise. This is a relatively healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10 to 11 years.

Kishu Ken

The Kishu Ken is also known as the Kishu or the Kishu Inu. This is a medium sized breed that stands between 17 to 22 inches tall and weighs 30 to 60 pounds. This dog bears a resemblance to the Shiba Inu, Akita Inu and Ainu dog. Most often this dog is white in color but may also be brindle, sesame or red in color. This is a relatively healthy breed that has an average lifespan of 11 to 13 years.

Klein Poodle

The Klein Poodle is a Poodle known in France for its size. Some people recognize this dog as a new breed, while others simply believe it is a large miniature poodle or a small standard poodle. This dog stands between 15 to 20 inches tall and weighs between 20 and 30 pounds. The Klein Poodle can have a corded or a curly coat and comes in a wide variety of solid colors. This dog requires regular grooming and can be highly strung if not well-trained and socialized. Poodles are susceptible to a number of diseases, including blindness, allergies, ear infections, diabetes, epilepsy, immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, and heart disease. The average lifespan of the Klein Poodle is between 12 and 15 years.

Komondor

Komondor Breed standing in grass

If you love fluffy dog breeds that look like mops, the mighty Komondor might just be the pup for you. This unique breed has a long, corded coat and can grow quite large, often weighing over one hundred pounds. Originally bred as a livestock dog, the Komondor is not common in the United States. They make good family pets but are aloof with strangers and do not like other dogs.

Kooikerhondie

The Kooikerhondje is also known as the Kooiker Dog and the Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog. This breed is recognizable for having black tips on their ears. AKC color regulations of this breed make it particularly difficult to breed them, but they should be orange and white in coloration; black coloration is not acceptable, with the exception of the ear tips and a possible ring of black on the tail. This breed stands on average between 14 and 16 inches tall and weighs between 20 and 40 pounds. This breed is susceptible to a number of health conditions, including Von Willebrand Disease, cataracts, patella luxation, and hereditary necrotizing myelopathy. Quality breeders will do their part to eliminate these hereditary conditions by selectively breeding. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12 and 14 years.

Korean Dosa Mastiff

The Korean Dosa Mastiff is also known as the Mee Kyun Dosa and the Korean Mastiff. This breed stands between 23.5 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 145 and 185 lbs. Colors common to this breed include mahogany, chocolate, and red. This is an easygoing breed that requires regular mental and physical exercise. The Korean Dosa Mastiff is prone to cherry eye, bloat, entropion, and hip dysplasia. These gentle giants are quite prone to living a lazy lifestyle if it is allowed; however, this can lead to obesity and other health concerns. The average life expectancy of this breed is between 7 and 12 years.

Kunming Dog

The Kunming dog greatly resembles the German Shepherd in appearance. This breed stands between 25 and 27 inches tall and weighs between 66 and 84 pounds. Unlike German Shepherds, the Kunming has a short coat and is taller on average. This dog will also often carry its tail curled up high, unlike shepherds. Similar to shepherds, however, this breed has a black saddle and muzzle with black and tan coloration. This dog was bred primarily to serve as a military dog in the 1950’s. Little is known in terms of health concerns and life expectancy for this breed at this time.

Kyi-Leo® Dog

The Kyi-Leo® Dog is a small dog that carries its tail curled over its back. The long and thick coat can be wavy or straight and is black and white in coloration. This breed also has a distinguishable beard and whiskers. The Kyi-Leo® Dog stands between 8 to 12 inches tall and weighs between 9 to 14 pounds. Potential health concerns for this breed are limited to slipped patella. The silky coat of this dog requires frequent grooming to avoid problems with matting. The Average lifespan for this breed is between 12 and 14 years.

Labrador Retriever Poodle (Labradoodle)

Low Shedding Labradoodle Outdoors

The Labradoodle is the beautifully sweet canine concoction of the Labrador Retriever and the Poodle. He is thought to be the original Poodle mix and possibly the most popular designer dog, too. The Labrador is America’s favorite dog breed, and the Poodle adds a fluffy teddy bear look to the mix. This is why he is so popular with families across the world. But there’s more to this guy than just his gorgeous looks.

Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever resting

The Labrador Retriever has been the number one choice of pet dog for families in the U.S. for many years. Number two in that comparison is the GSD. That’s not surprising, given that Labs have the perfect temperament and personality to be a wonderful family dog. Like the Golden Retriever, Labrador Retrievers are friendly, affectionate, and outgoing. They’re intelligent and trainable, too. And, as long as you socialize your Labrador Retriever puppy properly, these pups will get along fine with other dogs and even cats.

Lagotto Romanyolo

The Lagotto Romanyolo is a small to medium-sized dog that stands between 14 and 19 inches tall and weighs between 24 and 35 pounds. This working breed was initially developed to search for truffles and is still used for this purpose. This breed has a wooly, dense coat that is curled and off-white, white and brown, solid white, white with brown / rust patches, solid rust, brown, or brown masked. The wooly coat of this breed is intended to protect the dog from thorny brush during its search for truffles. This dog requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. Few health concerns are known about this breed, and it is believed to have an average life expectancy of 16 years or more.

Lakeland Terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is a small and squarely built dog that stands no taller than 14 ½ inches tall and weighs between 15 to 17 pounds. This breed is low shedding and has a wiry coat that comes in blue, black, red, wheaten, and liver colors. Frequently, Lakeland Terrier puppies are born black and develop coloration as they grow. The Lakeland Terrier is a very active dog outdoors and requires daily walks as well as intellectual stimulation. This breed will be happiest with a sporting activity on a regular basis. This is a generally healthy dog with no significant health concerns. The average lifespan of this breed is between 10 and 12 years.

Lakota Mastino

The Lakota Mastino is a large and muscular breed that stands between 25 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 100 and 130 pounds. These athletic dogs were bred as working dogs and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy physically and mentally. This dog has a short and thick coat that is most often blue, black, or brindle in color. This is a healthy breed with very few known health concerns and an average life expectancy of between 10 and 14 years.

Lancashire Heeler

The Lancashire Heeler is a smaller breed set low to the ground with short legs and a deep chest. This breed stands, on average, around 10 to 12 inches tall and weighs between 6 to 13 pounds. This is a breed with a muscular hind end and a tail that is carried over the back. This can be a long or short-coated dog with a coat that varies on the season. The Lancashire heeler has a plush coat in the winter and a sleek coat in the summer. This dog has a lot of energy and requires plenty of exercise. There are not many known health concerns with this breed and they live between 12 to 13 years on average.

Landseer

The Landseer is also known as the Landseer Newfoundland. In some areas the Landseer is known to be the same breed as the Newfoundland; however, this is not true of all countries. This is a very large and powerful dog, standing at 26 ½ to 31 ½ inches and weighing between 100 to 150 pounds. This is a gentle and lazy dog if permitted to be so; however, obesity can be a real problem, so regular exercise is encouraged. The Landseer has a thick double coat that is white with black patches on it. This breed is prone to hip dysplasia, obesity, and heart disease. The average life span of this breed is around 10 years.

Larson Lakeview Bulldogge

The Larson Lakeview Bulldogge is a larger bulldog than the Olde English Bulldogge. This short-necked breed has a deep chest and muscular thighs. The Larson Lakeview Bulldogge has a short and coarse coat that is brindle on white and can be red, grey, brown, or black brindle. This dog stands between 16 and 20 inches tall and weighs between 50 and 110 pounds. Little is known in terms of the health concerns of this breed, but the average lifespan of this dog is between 12 and 14 years.

Latvian Hound

The Latvian Hound is also known as the Latvijas Dzinejsuns. This dog stands between 16 and 19 inches tall and weighs around 35 to 45 pounds. This hound dog has a short and thick coat that is black and tan in coloration. This is an energetic breed that requires regular daily exercise. The Latvian Hound is a muscular dog with few health problems known to date. The average lifespan of this breed is around 12 years.

Leonberger

A calm, gentle, multi-purpose breed, the Leonberger makes a great family pet. They are a giant breed, reaching 170 or so pounds, but are gentle giants. Leonbergers like nothing more than a good cuddle and to spend the day with you. Though they look intimidating, these pups are playful with everyone. They have a loud bark, which makes them good security guards, though. They are not likely to be aggressive unless they sense danger.

Lhasa Apso

Known for their long silky coat the Lhasa Apso comes in a variety of colors. The Lhasa generally stands at 11” tall and weighs 16 lbs. They are revered in Tibet and are an ancient breed used as sentinels to the doors of ancient monasteries. These non-sporting dogs make lovely companions, are snuggly lap dogs, and are full of personality. Despite their small size, these pups lead the pack and are loyal, determined companions.

Lithuanian Hound

The Lithuanian Hound is a heavy boned hound with a short coat and a long low tail. On average this dog stands between 21 and 24 inches tall and weighs between 60 and 75 pounds. This sight hound has exceptional tracking ability and should never be let off leash in an unconfined area. Little is known to date in terms of health concerns for this breed and the average life expectancy is believed to be around 12 years.

Llewellin Setter

The Llewellin Setter is a gentle breed that stands between 21 and 25 inches tall and weighs around 50 pounds. While calm, these dogs require plenty of exercise and do not do well with apartment life. Little is known about potential health problems for this Welsh breed but the average lifespan is between 10 to 12 years.

Long-Haired Chihuahua

Long Haired Chihuahua Running Outdoors

Long-Haired Chihuahuas are the life and soul of any party. Chis are fierce companions and full to the brim with little canine character. Chihuahuas think of themselves as the top dog, so you might find them getting a little bossy in the doggy park. This is why you need to be a strong-willed dog owner and pack leader. But under their sassy character and all that long hair, they are also sweet and sensitive pups.

Lowchen

The Lowchen is also known as the little lion dog and the petit chien lion. This dog is a small breed that is named the lion dog because of the common cut for its coat. This dog stands between 10 to 13 inches tall and weighs between 9 and 18 pounds. This breed is most commonly white in color but can also be black, lemon or speckled. Although a healthy dog this breed is prone to patellar luxation. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12 and 14 years.

Lucas Terrier

The Lucas Terrier is a sturdy and small dog breed that stands between 9 and 12 inches tall and weighs between 11 and 20 pounds. This small dog has a medium-length weather-resistant coat that can be of various colors, including blue, grey, and piebald. A few Lucas Terriers are also completely white. This is a healthy breed that can do well living in an apartment. However, they require a daily walk to maintain a healthy weight. This breed does not have any significant health concerns and has an average lifespan of between 14 and 15 years.

Lurcher

Lurcher wet at the beach.

Lurchers come in several sizes but one basic shape. Defined by their ability to give chase, Lurchers are generally slender, bony dogs with deep chests and long legs. They have a long and storied history in their native England. Because so many crosses can create the Lurcher, no breed registry has tried to assimilate them. Some may suggest this is best to retain the working qualities of the breed.

Maltese

Two White Maltese dogs With Bows Standing Outside

The Maltese is the quintessential lapdog, and they’ve held that job for a long time! They were bred in antiquity to be the perfect companions and have earned well-deserved fame and adoration for all the centuries they’ve been on this earth. It’s not hard to see why! Maltese are incredibly affectionate, sweet, and vibrant dogs who have so much cheer to offer any family they’re welcomed into.

Maltipoo

This hybrid is obtained by breeding a Maltese and a Toy or Miniature Poodle. The Maltipoo is one cute pup with a hypoallergenic coat and a loving personality. They reach between 6 and 20 pounds and can mesh well in most living situations. Maltipoos are smart and can train well, but they also have a stubborn streak. They are so cute they may quickly beccome the boss if you don’t set firm behavior guidelines. They love to get their way, so you may have some pouting if they don’t get enough positive reinforcement.

Maremma Sheepdog

The Maremma Sheepdog goes by many other names, including Maremma, Pastore, Abruzzese, Cane da Pastore, Maremmano-Abruzzese, Cane Da Pastore Maremmano Abruzzese, Abruzzese shepherd dog, Abruzzenhund and the Pastore Maremano Abruzzese. This is a large sheepdog that has a bear-like head and a very thick coat that comes in white with various colors of white and off-white markings. This friendly breed stands between 23.5 and 28.5 inches tall and weighs between 66 and 100 pounds. This is a dog that is used to roaming by nature, and as such, it requires plenty of exercise and does not thrive as an apartment dog. Without sufficient exercise, this dog will not only become obese but it will also become bored and find other ways to entertain itself, most likely destructive behavior. This is a relatively hardy breed with few known health problems and has an average lifespan of 11 to 13 years.

Markiesje

The Markiesje stands at around 16 inches tall and weighs around 13 pounds or less. This dog has a black coat that sometimes has white markings. This dog’s coat is long and silky and has feathering. This is an indoor breed but it does require plenty of room to run and exercise in order to maintain a healthy weight. The nature of this dog’s coat means that this breed requires regular combing and brushing to prevent knotting. This native Dutch breed is a great companion dog but is currently only recognized by the Dutch Kennel Club. This breed is relatively healthy and little is known about the average lifespan.

Mastiff

Known as one of the biggest breeds of dog the Mastiff can be fawn, apricot or brindle in coloring. The Mastiff stands at an average of 28” tall and weighs up to 160 lbs.

Mexican Hairless

The Mexican Hairless dog is more commonly known as the Xoloitzcuintli, the Tepeizeuintli, and the Xolo. This smaller hairless breed comes in three varieties: the toy, the miniature, and the standard. The toy Mexican hairless stands between 9 to 14 inches tall and weighs between 5 and 15 pounds. The miniature Mexican hairless stands between 15 to 20 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 30 pounds. The standard Mexican Hairless stands between 20 to 30 inches tall and weighs between 25 to 40 pounds. While referred to as the Mexican Hairless, there is a coated variety of this breed. The hairless variety has black to slate, gray, bronze, brindle, red, fawn, solid, or spotted skin. The coated variety has a short and sleek coat like the Doberman. This is a healthy breed of dog with the main health concern being skin care for the hairless variety. This dog breed has been known to live as long as 15 to 20 years.

Mi-Ki

The Mi-Ki is an Asian breed that is believed to have been the result of breeding between the Papillion, the Maltese, and the Japanese Chin. It was not until 1995 that this breed was recognized by the States Kennel Club. The Mi-Ki stands between 10 to 11 inches tall and weighs anywhere up to 10 pounds. The coat of this breed can be smooth or long. The smooth coat lies close to the skin, whereas the long coat is silky and straight and often presents with a beard or mustache. There are many different accepted colors of the Mi-Ki breed, but the solid colors are rarer than dilute colors. This is an intelligent breed. The biggest health concerns with this breed are respiratory problems, dental decay, and the trapping of dirt between the hairs of their toes. The Mi-Ki can live well into their teens, some living as long as 15 to 16 years.

Miniature Australian Bulldog

The Miniature Australian Bulldog is also referred to as the Mini Aussie Bulldog. This is a solid breed that stands around 14 inches or less and while there is no set weight for the breed, it should not appear to be overweight. There are quite a few color variations in the breed, including apricot, fawn, mahogany, white, orange, red, and brindle. This is a strong and solidly built dog with wide-set eyes and a broad chest. Although a healthy breed, the short muzzle does lend itself to respiratory concerns, this dog is also very sensitive to cold temperatures. The average lifespan of this breed is unknown but thought to be around 10 to 12 years.

Miniature Australian Shepherd

The Miniature Australian Shepherd is also referred to as the toy Australian shepherd, the North American miniature Australian shepherd, the mini Australian shepherd, the North American shepherd, the mini Aussie, and the teacup Australian Shepherd. There are actually varying sizes of this breed, with the teacup being the smallest, weighing under 12 pounds, the toy standing between 10 to 14 inches and weighing between 12 to 17 pounds, and the miniature standing between 13 and 18 and weighing between 20 and 40 pounds. Unfortunately this breed is prone to deafness from merle coloration. Additionally, hip and eye concerns are present in this breed, as is a possibility for the MDR1 gene, which makes the dog more sensitive to specific drugs than other breeds. The average lifespan for the miniature Australian shepherd is between 12 and 13 years.

Miniature Fox Terrier

The Miniature Fox Terrier is a loyal breed that stands between 9 to 12 inches tall and can vary in weight from 8 to 12 pounds. This inquisitive breed is an instinctive hunter like its larger counterpart and is “native” to Australia. The coat of the miniature fox terrier is short and requires little grooming. There are only three color varieties of this breed that are accepted, those are black and white, tan and white and tricolored. This loyal breed is also a hardy breed that has been well-screened for genetic health concerns since it was originally bred. The average lifespan of this breed is between 10 to 14 years.

Mini Goldendoodle

A mini Goldendoodle puppy resting in a chair

Despite his somewhat comical-sounding name, the Mini Goldendoodle is a serious contender for the perfect family dog award. This designer dog is one of the newer pups on the scene, but he is proving to doggy lovers across the globe that he really is a wonderful animal who makes a great canine companion.

Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher black and brown and brown sitting next to each other

The Miniature Pinscher or Min Pin may be a small dog, but he is large in personality. Pinschers often seem unaware of their small size, and although he is a toy breed, he is certainly not a toy. Fearless when protecting his loved ones, the Miniature Pinscher makes a surprisingly good guard dog. Despite his size, he sounds the alarm when a stranger approaches and will continue to bark as long as he senses a threat. Min Pins alert their families to any danger they detect.

Miniature Schnauzer

Dark Miniature Schnauzer standing in field

The Miniature Schnauzer is the smallest of the three Schnauzers, but he possibly has the biggest personality. With all that Schnauzer swag packed into his little frame, he is enough to keep the most active families on their toes. He’s cute, but he is feisty and independent. The Mini Schnauzer appeals to many potential dog owners not just because of their size but also their grooming needs. They shed very infrequently, often referred to as hypoallergenic. This makes them great for allergy sufferers. But they are also stubborn, which can drive novice dog owners a bit crazy.

Mioritic Sheepdog

The Mioritic Sheepdog originated in Romania, where it served as a shepherd dog in the Carpathian Mountains. This is a large dog standing between 25 and 29 inches tall and weighing between 110 and 140 pounds. This sheepdog carries its tail high when active. The coat of this breed is thick, with a smooth but dense undercoat and a long overcoat. Most often, this breed is white, cream, or pale grey in coloration and can have patches of these colors. The skin of the Mioritic sheepdog is preferred to be gray. This dog requires plenty of room to exercise and most often prefers farmland where it can roam and exercise freely. There are few known health concerns with this breed. On average, the Mioritic Sheepdog lives between 12 and 14 years.

Moscow Watchdog

The Moscow Watchdog is a large breed, standing between 25 and 27 inches tall and weighing between 100 and 150 pounds. This is now a dog that will thrive in apartment living and requires plenty of space to run. The Moscow Watchdog has a thick and medium-length coat that is red and white in color. This is a strong dog being of the mastiff family and requires a firm handler familiar with dogs. This dog requires plenty of exercise to ensure that obesity does not become a concern. Little is known about the health concerns or life expectancy of this breed.

Mountain Cur

Mountain Cur outside in a field

The Mountain Cur is a wonderful dog, who is intensely energetic and fun. He is a workaholic who loves to hunt and chase small animals, particularly squirrels and raccoons. The Mountain Cur needs at least 90 minutes of intense exercise a day, otherwise, he can become a destructive and worrisome dog. He needs a firm master who will train and socialize him adequately from a young age. He is very affectionate with his immediate family.

Mountain Feist

The Mountain Feist is also known as the Treeing feist, the American Treeing Feist, and the American Feist. This small breed stands between 10 to 22 inches tall and weighs between 10 and 30 pounds. This breed has a smooth short coat that is white, tricolor, red and white, black, red, blue and white, red brindle, and black and tan in color. This is a hunting breed that requires plenty of exercise and is quite hardy overall.

Mountain View Cur

The Mountain View Cur stands between 18 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 30 and 60 pounds. A great companion dog, the Mountain View Cur is not well suited to apartment life and requires plenty of exercise. This is a breed that will excel when given a job to do as it was bred as a working dog and a hunting dog. The coat of this breed is short and yellow, black, brindle, or black and brindle in color. Almost half of this breed is born with a bobbed tail, and 99% of this breed is born without rear dewclaws. This is a healthy breed that has a life expectancy of between 12 and 16 years.

Mucuchies

The Mucuchies breed stands between 22 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 66 and 110 pounds. This large Spanish breed is believed to have originated from the Spanish mastiff, the Great Pyrenees, and the Pyrenean Mastiff. The coat of the Mucuchies is medium in length and is either all white or white with honey, grey or black spots. This large working dog requires plenty of exercise and is not well suited to apartment life. This dog is not recognized by any major kennel club. The average life expectancy of this breed is between 10 to 14 years.

Mudi

The Mudi is also known as the Hungarian Mudi and the Canis ovilis fenyesi. This breed stands between 14 and 20 inches tall and weighs between 18 to 29 pounds. The Mudi is a rare Hungarian breed and is seldom found outside of Hungary, and even then, it is seldom found within its native land. This is a working breed, and while it can be kept in an apartment, it is a very energetic dog that does much better with plenty of room to run. This breed is a herder. The Mudi is a very healthy dog, with hip dysplasia being one of the only health concerns of note. The average lifespan of this dog is between 13 and 14 years.

Native American Indian Dog

The Native American Indian dog stands between 23 and 34 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 120 pounds. This breed is classified into two distinct groups by size. The Native American Indian dog comes with two different coat lengths and two coat colors that range from silver to black to tortoiseshell coloring. This breed has a double coat with a water and windproof undercoat. This is a very intelligent dog that requires plenty of stimulation and exercise in order to remain healthy physically and psychologically. The biggest health concern with this breed is hip dysplasia, and the average lifespan of this dog is between 14 and 19 years.

Neapolitan Mastiff

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a massive dog with a fierce appearance but a peaceful demeanor. If you love large dogs, this giant will not disappoint. They reach between 110 and over 200 pounds. They are very sweet with their family but are guard dogs at heart. The Neapolitan Mastiff is a dominant breed, and while they can be lazy, they want to be in charge. They stand out for their loose skin and huge heads.

Nebolish Mastiff

The Nebolish Mastiff stands between 27 and 36 inches tall and weighs between 95 and 200 pounds. The origin of this breed is in question, but as a working mastiff breed, this dog requires plenty of exercise to maintain a healthy weight. The coat of this breed is short to medium in length and is fawn or brindle in color. This dog has a black mask. This dog is a very healthy breed; however, breeding can be difficult and should be left to professionals. The average lifespan of the Nebolish Mastiff is between 10 to 14 years old.

Newfoundland

Newfoundland Dog Next To Owner

The Newfoundland is a strong, strikingly beautiful dog hailing from the Canadian island of the same name. This breed is huge and powerful and can look intimidating to those inexperienced with them. However, most are pleasantly surprised to find out just how sweet and loving these gentle giants are! Often called the “Newfie” for short, these dogs are popular as both family companions and homestead protectors.

New Guinea Singing Dog

The New Guinea Singing Dog is a unique dog that is rarely owned by the average person due to how close this breed is to wild dogs. This breed is nearly extinct and has been taken in by a number of zoos in an attempt to preserve the breed. This breed stands between 14 and 15 inches tall and weighs between 18 and 30 pounds. The New Guinea singing dog is a very muscular breed with a medium-length coat that can be red and red with white markings or black and tan. This dog got its name from its unique howl, which can be heard when the dog is excited or nervous. This is not an easily socialized dog and it does not thrive in the company of other animals and has been known to be particularly aggressive with other dogs of the same breed. This hardy dog has few known health concerns and has a life expectancy of between 15 and 20 years.

New Zealand Huntaway

The New Zealand Huntaway varies greatly in size from 20 to 24 inches tall, and weighs between 40 to 65 pounds. The appearance of this breed varies greatly since it is a dog that was bred for its herding ability rather than for its appearance. These are very intelligent dogs that require constant stimulation in order to be happy and physically fit. The coat length and coat color of this breed vary incredibly. The New Zealand huntaway is a very healthy breed that lives between 12 to 14 years.

Norwegian Elkhound

Norwegian Elkhound smiling with tongue hanging out

Norwegian Elkhounds are intelligent and independent. They are affectionate, fun, and family-friendly. Before welcoming one into your home, you should know their quirks because although they are lovely, they aren’t suitable for every household. The breed is known as the “Moose” Dog. Although they are named Elkhounds, they are not hounds at all.

Norwich Terrier

Norwich Terrier Breed puppy posing outdoors on a field with scilla flowers in spring.

Norwich Terriers are cute as a button and make wonderful pets. They are a rare breed to find in America. When fully grown, these feisty pups are small, about ten to twelve pounds. They have a ton of energy and a cheeky smile. With a foxlike frame, they are agile and full of energy. Norwich Terriers have wiry coats, pointy ears, and a perky personality.

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever Breed standing in field

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers, more affectionately called Tollers by their fans, are intelligent, outgoing, and affectionate dogs. They might be rare pups, but they are uniquely skilled in assisting their masters with duck hunting. They also make fantastic family pets and get along with everyone, including children and other dogs. These foxlike dogs have higher-than-average exercise needs, so those looking for an activity buddy are in for a treat.

Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog Outdoors

The Old English Sheepdog, or Bobtail, as he is affectionately known in his community of OES lovers, is a beautiful breed both inside and out. He adores his humans, loves to have a good time, and provides the best canine companionship that anyone could ask for. He might be adorable and lovely, but he certainly isn’t for everyone and every family home.

Ol’ Southern Catch Dog

The Ol’ Southern Catch Dog is an unusual breed currently only recognized by the BBC and none of the other dog breeding clubs. This breed stands between 18 and 25 inches tall and weighs in between 50 and 90 pounds. This bulldog breed originated in the southern United States and is a hunting breed used for catching wild hogs and cattle. This dog is also commonly used as a guard dog. This is an athletic dog breed with a short and wide muzzle, a muscular neck, and straight front legs. This breed also has webbing between its toes. This dog can be a variety of colors. These are very energetic dogs that have few health concerns. The average lifespan of this breed is between 10 and 16 years.

Olde Victorian Bulldogge

The Olde Victorian Bulldogge stands between 17.5 and 19.5 inches tall and weighs between 55 to 100 pounds. This is a very muscular breed with an upturned snout and a very large head circumference. The colors of this short-coated breed include brindle, solid white, fawn, tan, or pied. The coat of the Olde Victorian Bulldogge is close to the skin and silky to the touch. This is a working breed that requires a daily walk as well as occasional rigorous exercise. This breed is known for slow joint development, cherry eye, and entropion. The average lifespan of this breed is between 19 to 14 years.

Otterhound

Known for his webbed feet and wiry coat, the Otterhound may have any color coat. It stands an average of 27” tall and can weigh up to 115 lbs. This rough-coated hound dog makes a lovely outdoor companion but is a rare dog to find.

Otto Bulldog

The Otto Bulldog stands at around 22 inches tall and weighs between 65 and 80 pounds. This breed comes in a variety of colors and can include white, black brindle, red, and brown without a black mask. This breed should only have brown eyes. This is a friendly breed that is great with families but can also excel as a guard dog. This is a highly trainable dog breed and is loyal to its family. This dog requires long daily walks in addition to off-leash exercise opportunities when possible. Very few health concerns are known with this breed. The average lifespan of the Otto Bulldog is between 12 and 15 years.

Owczarek Podhalanski

The Owczarek Podhalanski is also known as the Polski Owczarek Podhalanski, the OP, and the Tatra. This breed stands between 24 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 80 and 130 pounds. This large breed requires an owner with experience handling big dogs. The Owczarek Podhalanski has a thick coat comprised of a thick, dense undercoat and a harder top coat. This dog should always be pure white in color. As a large herding breed this dog is not well suited to apartment life and requires plenty of daily exercise in order to be happy. This is not a drooling breed. The Owczarek Podhalanski can suffer from a number of health conditions, including hip dysplasia, juvenile cataracts, allergic dermatitis, bloating, epilepsy, and patellar luxation. The average lifespan of this breed is between 10 and 12 years.

Pakistani Bull Dog

The Pakistani Bull Dog is also known as the Gull Dong. This breed stands between 30 and 42 inches tall and weighs between 90 and 140 pounds. This is a large, muscular breed with a large head and a short, flat coat. This breed is white, grey, black, and brindle in color. This dog demands a firm trainer and must be socialized early and trained well in order to prevent dog aggression and fearful behavior. These dogs require plenty of exercise and demand large areas to roam, such as farmlands, in order to be happy. This is a relatively healthy breed and is easily groomed. The average lifespan of this breed is 10 to 12 years.

Pakistani Bull Terrier

The Pakistani bull terrier is also known as the Gull Terrier and the Gull Terr. The average height of this breed averages between 20 to 26 inches, and it weighs between 77 and 90 pounds. This is a taller breed with a broad chest and erect ears. The coat of this breed is short and similar to that of the traditional bull terrier. This dog is almost always pure white but can also have some dark markings around the face. This breed is a very defensive breed and requires firm training and frequent socialization to avoid problems. This dog requires plenty of frequent exercise and is not suited to life in an apartment, doing better with at least a small yard. This breed is prone to deafness – a trait that is common in all white breeds. The average lifespan of the Pakistani bull terrier is between 7 and 10 years.

Pakistani Mastiff

The Pakistani Mastiff is also known as the bully kutta. This is a powerful dog that stands between 32 and 40 inches tall and weighs between 150 and 170 pounds. This dog has loose skin and a deep brisket. This is a muscular breed that must be raised with constant training and socialization in order to ensure that it remains a controllable and well-mannered dog. This dog is known for walking like a lion. The Pakistani Mastiff has a smooth coat with short hair and can be white, black, fawn, and harlequin in color. This breed requires plenty of exercise and should not be encouraged to be lazy. Little is known about common health concerns with this breed, but they have an average lifespan of between 8 and 10 years.

Pakistani Shepherd Dog

The Pakistani shepherd dog stands between 20 to 25 inches tall and weighs between 75 to 100 pounds. There are three recognized types within this breed: the shorthaired, the longhaired, and the Bhayari Alsatian, which is a cross between the Pakistani shepherd and an Alsatian. Most commonly, the coat of this breed is black and tan like a German Shepherd, but it may also be white or gold as well. This is a very muscular dog that has been developed for herding and requires plenty of exercise. This breed thrives when it has a job to do. This dog does have a tendency towards flea allergies but is otherwise a healthy breed. The average lifespan of the Pakistani Shepherd dog is between 8 and 10 years.

Panda Shepherd

The Panda Shepherd is generally categorized as a German Shepherd dog only it has what is referred to as piebald coloring. Around 35% of the dog is white and the rest of the dog is black and tan. Unusually, however, this breed does not have any white German shepherd in its ancestry. This dog stands between 22 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 75 to 85 pounds. This breed is proportioned like the German shepherd breed. This is an intelligent working dog that requires plenty of exercise and thrives with a job to do. Common health concerns with this breed include elbow and hip dysplasia, keratitis, epilepsy, blood disorders, digestive concerns, flea allergies, and dwarfism. The average life span of this breed is around 13 years.

Papillon

Known for its elegant soft coat and fluffy tail, which comes up over the dog’s back, the Papillon must be parti-color or white with colored patches. The Papillon stands on average 10” tall and weighs an average of 9 lbs. Though they look dainty, the Papillon is a big dog wearing a small dog body. They are quite friendly but can be a handful.

Patterdale Terrier

The Patterdale Terrier stands at approximately 12 inches tall and weighs between 11 and 13 pounds. This dog can have a smooth or a broken coat type, both of which have a short and thick undercoat. Common colors for the Patterdale terrier include red, black, liver, black and tan, bronze, white and grizzle. This terrier breed is known for being a quieter dog than other terriers; however, they do have high energy levels. This is not a dog that would be suited to apartment life as it requires plenty of exercise, being a hunting and ratting dog by breed. The Patterdale terrier is an independent dog. This is a particularly hardy dog breed with a life expectancy of between 11 and 13 years.

Pediguero de Burgos

The Pediguero de Burgos is also known as the Spanish Pointer, Perdiguero burgales, and the Burgos pointing dog. This breed stands between 20 and 25 inches tall and weighs between 50 to 70 pounds. This dog has a short and thick coat that is always liver and white in coloration and may or may not have patches and ticking. Bred as a hunting dog, the Pediguero de Burgos is a high-energy breed that requires frequent activity in addition to a daily walk. This is a breed that does well in water and is very versatile in terms of the terrain where it feels most at home. There are few known health concerns for this breed. The average life span of this dog is between 12 and 14 years.

Pekingese

Pekingese face up close

The Pekingese, affectionately known as the Peke, is a relatively rare dog in America. He is unique in more ways than one! He might be small in stature, but he is a loud and proud dog who likes to think of himself as the boss. And unless you take the reign, he will become the boss of the family. This feisty furball needs an experienced dog owner who can transform him into a well-behaved pooch rather than an unbearable doggy diva.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Red Pembroke Welsh Corgi

If, like Queen Elizabeth, you fancy a little bit of royal canine companionship in your life, look no further than the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed as your next furry friend. He is a fun and delightful doggy to share your home with. But he isn’t just a cute canine, and he needs a lot more than just selfies and belly scratches to keep him happy.

Perro de Presa Mallorquin

The Perro de Presa Mallorquin is also known as the ca de bou, perro dogo Mallorquin, Mallorquin Bulldog, and the Mallorquin Mastiff. This dog takes on more of the look of a bulldog in terms of facial features. This dog stands between 20 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 65 and 85 pounds. This is another breed that demands a powerful leader to keep it in its place within the pack. While this dog may be happy living in an apartment, many of the same concerns that were raised with the Perro de Presa Canario will be an issue with this breed also. Few health concerns are known with this breed. The average life span of this dog breed is between 10 and 12 years.

Perro Raytonero Andaluz

The Perro Raytonero Andaluz is also known as the Andalusian Mouse-Hunting dog, Bodeguero Andaluz, and the Perro Ratonero Bodeguero. This Spanish breed stands between 13.75 and 16.9 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 18 pounds. This small breed always has a tricolored coat with a white body and a black and tan coat. The fur of this small dog is held close to the skin and is smooth to the touch and short in length. As a ratter dog this breed tends not to do well with other small house pets and should not be trusted with them. This dog requires plenty of exercise to prevent destructive in-home behavior. This is a relatively healthy breed; however, they can be prone to glaucoma, entropion, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, entropion, dislocation of the knee, and congenital heart failure.

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is also known as the small Vendeen Basset and the PBGV. This breed stands between 13 and 15 inches tall and weighs between 30 to 40 pounds. This breed has a short but thick undercoat, while it has a rough, longer outer coat, which includes a mustache, beard, and shaggy eyebrows. The most commonly occurring colors for this breed are white with grizzle, tricolor, lemon, orange, black, or sable markings. This is a very intelligent breed but requires firm leadership in order to prevent it from becoming headstrong and disobedient.

Petit Blue De Gascongne

The Petit Blue de Gascongne is also known as the small blue Gascony hound. This breed stands between 20 and 23 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 48 pounds. This breed has a thick coat and a deep chest. The coat color of this breed is generally white with heavy black ticking and patches of tan on the legs and feet. This dog has a very good sense of smell and works very well as a tracking hound. This dog does require plenty of exercise, and in addition to long walks, it will also thrive on other means of exercise, such as jogging. This breed should not be trusted off leash as they will eagerly follow any scent. This dog is a relatively healthy breed and has an average lifespan of 12 years.

Petit Brabancon

The Petit Brabancon is recognized by a number of different names, including the Belgian Griffon, the Griffon Belge, the griffon Bruxellois, and the Brussels Griffon. This breed stands between 7 and 8 inches tall and weighs between 6 and 12 pounds. There are two varieties of coat in this breed, the short straight coated and the rough wiry coat. Coat colors in this breed include red, black, and tan, solid black and red, and brown and black, also known as “belge”. This is a very intelligent breed that requires a daily walk in order to thrive but will do well with apartment life. Common health concerns with this breed include respiratory conditions, slipped stifle, and eye concerns. The average life span for this breed is between 12 to 15 years.

Pharaoh Hound

Known for their Egyptian heritage, the Pharaoh Hound has large ears and is generally tan, chestnut, or golden red in color. Pharaoh hounds are also the only dogs known to blush. They stand on average 24” tall and weigh 50 lbs. The Pharaoh Hound is also known as the Kelb Tal-Fenek. These pups have a very unique appearance, with tall, erect ears. They have short, glossy coats and weigh about 55 pounds.

Phu Quoc Ridgeback Dog

The Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog is native to Vietnam and stands at around 21 inches tall and weighs around 40 lbs. The coat of this breed is short and smooth and can be yellow, black, striped, or spotted, although more recently, this breed has had more variations in color. This is a breed with webbed feet. Like other ridgeback breeds, the Phu Quoc Ridgeback has a ridge of hair along its back that runs in the opposite direction to the rest of its coat. This dog requires plenty of exercise and is a very fast runner – often taking off after smaller animals as a result of their natural hunting instinct. The lifespan of this breed can span anywhere from 10 to 13 years.

Pitbull

Two American Pitbull terriers with brown coats in the lawn

The term “Pitbull” is not a dog as such but a general label given to a few canine breeds with similar origins, appearance, and temperaments. The four Pitbull type breeds are the American Pitbull Terrier (red and blue nose), the American Staffordshire Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully.

Plott Hound

Plott Hound Breed face close up

Plott hounds make lovely family pets but need a particular type of family. They are intense dogs that need a lot of time and attention. Plott Hounds require company most of the day as they dislike being alone. And they also need a lot of vigorous exercise to keep them mentally and physically healthy. Their owner needs strong will and experience to get the best out of their stubborn and independent personalities.

Plummer Hound

The Plummer Hound is also frequently referred to as the Plummer Terrier. This is a working terrier breed that stands between 11 and 14 inches tall and weighs around 25 lbs. Commonly utilized as a ratting breed, the Plummer Terrier should not be trusted with small pets and is also not particularly reliable when left off leash due to strong hunting instincts. The coat of this small dog is short and shiny and can be copper or copper and white in color. While this is a relatively healthy breed, out-breeding practices have led this smaller dog to be larger than most ratting dogs, which can pose difficulties on the job. The average lifespan of this breed is between 13 and 15 years old.

Pocket Beagle

The Pocket Beagle is also referred to as the mini Beagle, Olde English Pocket Beagle, Miniature Beagle, Toy Beagle, and the Teacup Beagle. This small breed stands between 7 to 12 inches tall and weighs between 7 and 15 pounds. This small hound has a short coat that is found in a variety of “hound” colorations, including black and tan, tricolor, lemon and white, red and white, and orange and white. Like other Beagles, the Pocket Beagle has a baying bark and howl that some dog owners can find a little tiresome, which is why this is not a breed recommended for apartment living. Despite being small, this dog requires plenty of exercise in order to prevent destructive behavior. This breed does have quite a few health concerns, including back trouble, epilepsy, heart disease, eye concerns, and dwarfism. The average lifespan of a healthy Pocket Beagle is between 12 and 15 years.

Pomeranian Poodle (Pomapoo)

Cute Pomeranian Poodle mix dog standing in the grass

The Pomeranian Poodle mix is a crossbreed between the tiny Toy Poodle and a Pomeranian, also called the Pomapoo. Crossing these two tiny yet mighty breeds makes for one of the most adorable little pups anyone has ever seen. These teeny tykes are small in stature and enormous in heart and personality.

Pomeranian

White Teacup Pomeranian on leash smiling on sidewalk

The Pomeranian, more affectionately known as the Pom, might be small, but he has a huge personality. He is the smallest of the sled-pulling Spitz dog family, including the Alaskan Malamute and the Samoyed. When we say he’s tiny, we mean he’s really tiny! Part of the toy dog gang, this pup has always been a popular choice.

Poodle

2 Poodles sitting in the grass with lion cut

Originally, Poodles were duck retrievers. A Poodle would jump into the water and swim to the duck he wanted to retrieve. They were bred to be very good swimmers. They are also a popular breed that gets cross-bred with other dogs like the Labrador Retriever or Golden Retriever. The Poodle is a bright, lively, versatile breed that’s currently ranked one of the top dogs in the U.S.

Porcelaine

The Porcelaine is also known as the chien de franche-comte. This dog stands between 21 and 23 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 62 pounds. This dog gets its name from its porcelain-like coat, which is white and comprised of short, thin hairs. The white coat of the porcelain is interrupted with orange markings, and the skin of this breed, which is pink with black mottling, should show through the thin white coat. This is not a breed that is well suited to apartment life; it has an insatiable need for exercise, a strong prey drive, and a frequently used hound-like howl. Frequent and tiring exercise is imperative for this breed to be well-adjusted. The Porcelaine can be strong-willed, so it is necessary to begin training early to ensure an obedient dog, whether they are intended for hunting work or domestic companionship. This dog has been known to display the pointing commonly attributed to pointers. Very few health concerns are known in regard to the Porcelaine. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12 and 13 years.

Portuguese Hound

The Portuguese Hound is also known as the Portuguese Podengo. This breed comes in three sizes: the large Portuguese Hound, the medium Portuguese Hound, and the small Portuguese Hound. The small Portuguese Hound stands between 8 to 12 inches tall and weighs between 9 and 13 pounds. The medium stands between 15 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 35 and 44 pounds. The large Portuguese Hound stands between 22 and 27 inches tall and weighs between 44 and 66 pounds. This breed comes in both a smooth-haired and wire-haired variety. Common colors for this breed include black with white markings, fawn, and yellow. This is a very active dog that requires plenty of exercise but little grooming. The Portuguese Hound is a healthy dog that has a lifespan of between 12 and 14 years.

Portuguese Pointer

The Portuguese Pointer is also known as the Perdigueiro Portugueso and the Portuguese Pointing Dog. This breed stands between 20 to 22 inches tall and weighs between 35 and 48 pounds. This dog has a short coat that is light brown or yellow in color and can also have white markings. This is a pointing breed that is used for hunting birds. The Portuguese pointer is a relatively healthy breed but is sometimes affected by hip dysplasia, ectropion, bloating, and cryptorchidism. The average lifespan for this breed is between 12 and 14 years old.

Portuguese Sheepdog

Portuguese Sheepdog standing in grass
Photo Credit: AKC

The Portuguese Sheepdog is a herding-type sheepdog. Its Portuguese name Cão da Serra de Aires refers to Serra de Aires, a mountain near Montforte in the Alentejo region. Local shepherds needed a dog to work large herds of sheep, cattle, or goats in a territory with extreme terrains that range from glacial and windy in the winter and hot and dusty in the summer. The Portuguese Sheepdog stands between 16 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 26 and 40 lbs. This smaller breed has longer hair that can appear scruffy and can come in a number of colors, including black, fawn, wolf grey, yellow, red, chestnut, and gray.

Portuguese Water Dog

Known for their curly coat and ability to swim this dog can be black, brown, or white in color or a combination of these colors. The Portuguese Water Dog stands on average 20” tall and weighs 50 pounds. The breed is several hundred years old and was favored by fishermen due to their skill in the water. In his native lands, this pup is known as the Cao de Agua, which means “dog of the water.” The breed became popular in America after former President Barack Obama brought his two PWD’s, Bo and Sunny, to live with him in the White House.

Posavac Hound

The Posavac Hound is also known as the Posavaz Hound, Posavatz Hound, Posavski Gonic, Kras Posavac Basin Hound, and the Posavina Hound. This breed stands between 17 and 23 inches tall and weighs between 35 and 45 pounds. The coat of the Posavac Hound is short and flat, and quite stiff to the touch. The coat of this breed is a variety of red and wheaten and has white markings on the lower legs, chest, abdomen, neck, and head, as well as the end of the tail. This is a breed that requires plenty of exercise and is overall very healthy. The average lifespan of this hound is around 12 years.

Prazsky Krysarik

The Prazsky Krysarik is also known as the Prazsky Krysavik and the Prague Ratter. This breed is popularly referred to as the smallest breed in the world, stands between 7 and 9 inches tall, and weighs between 2 and 6 pounds. One of the disadvantages of being so small, however, is that this dog has very thin leg bones, which make them prone to breakage and injury. This breed is also sensitive to the cold and should be covered when outside in colder temperatures. This is an active breed but can do well in apartment life. The average lifespan of this dog is between 12 and 14 years.

Presa Canario

Presa Canario Breed laying in the grass

The Presa Canario is descended from Molossoid-type dogs. He is one big pup, with a hefty mass and size. The Presa Canario is an impressive breed but not a great family companion. Bred as a guardian dog, this pup is loyal, fierce, and can be aggressive. They are not good around other dogs or children, and should always have supervision with new people.

Pudelpointer

The Pudelpointer is a hunting breed that is recognized by the FCI, UKC, PCNA, and DRA. This breed stands between 21 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 65 pounds. The Pudelpointer breed was created in Germany by crossing pointers with the poodle. A Pudelpointer is not a heavy shedder and has a wiry coat that is most commonly chestnut and liver in color but may occasionally also be black. Common health concerns with this breed include cherry eye, dislocation of the eye lens, hip dysplasia, degenerative disk disease, and bloating. This breed is very athletic and requires a lot of exercise. The Pudelpointer has an average lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. They are often also called German Longhaired Pointers.

Pug

Fawn and Black Pug Standing on a Log

The Pug is another big dog personality packed into a teeny weeny body. With his squished face, roly-poly body, and curly tail, he is instantly recognizable. His nickname is the “Dutch Mastiff” (yes, you read that right … a Mastiff!), and he is one of the loudest canine snorers on the planet. He is adorable, full of fun, and affectionate with his crew.

Pumi

The Pumi is also commonly known as the Hungarian Pumi. This breed stands between 13 and 19 inches tall and weighs between 18 and 33 pounds. This is a herding breed and has thick, long hair that is grey, brown, black, or white in color. The coat of this breed is uniform in color. This is a breed that requires a job to do or at least plenty of exercise and it is not recommended for apartment living. Most often, this breed is found on farmland, where it performs its intended purpose of herding. The Pumi is a relatively healthy breed with few known health concerns, and it has an average lifespan of 12 to 13 years.

Queen Elizabeth Pocket Beagle

The Queen Elizabeth Pocket Beagle is also referred to as the Queen’s Beagle. This small dog comes in two size varieties: miniature and standard. The miniature breed stands between 5 to 11 inches tall and weighs 4 to 11 pounds. The standard breed stands between 9 to 13 inches tall and weighs between 12 and 20 pounds. Although small, this dog has a lot of energy and requires regular exercise. The Queen Elizabeth pocket beagle has a short to medium coat that comes in a variety of hound colors. This is a relatively new breed and has few known health concerns although it is advised to avoid a diet based on corn. The average lifespan of this dog is between 12 to 15 years.

Rafeiro do Alentjo

The Rafeiro do Alentejo is also known as the Portuguese Watchdog or the Alentejo Mastiff. This is a large breed that stands between 25 and 28 inches tall and weighs between 100 and 135 pounds. The coat of this breed is medium in length and very thick. Coat colors of this mastiff range but include yellow, black, wolf-like, and tawny, and can include spotted or striped patterns. This is quite a hardy breed, but it has been known to have trouble with hip dysplasia. The Rafeiro do Alentejo does not have high exercise requirements, but it is important to exercise regularly to prevent obesity. The average lifespan of this breed is approximately 12 years.

Rajapalayam

The Rajapalayam is an Indian sighthound that stands between 25 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 55 pounds. This is a muscular breed that is used to hunting and, as a result, requires plenty of exercise in order to maintain physical and psychological fitness. This is a rare dog breed. The Rajapalayam has a short coat that is most often white in color but may also be black, brown, or spotted as well. It is not uncommon for this breed to have no pigmentation. This is quite a healthy breed with few known concerns and an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years.

Rampur Greyhound

The Rampur Greyhound is another breed that is native to India. This is a sighthound, although it is not currently recognized by any of the major kennel clubs. This breed stands between 22 to 30 inches tall and weighs between 60 to 65 pounds. This muscular breed looks like a traditional Greyhound. However, it is much wider. The coat of the Rampur Greyhound is short and close and can be a variety of colors, including black, grey, brindle, grizzle, and parti-color. This dog requires plenty of exercise. Common health concerns in this dog include skin sores, bloating, osteosarcoma, and esophageal achalasia. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12 and 15 years.

Rastreador Brasileiro

The Rastreador Brasileiro is a large dog that is being restructured after it became extinct. This dog is a scent hound that stands between 24 and 26 inches tall and weighs between 50 to 60 pounds. The coat of the Rastreador Brasileiro is short and coarse and can be black and white, brown and white, or merle/spotted/brindled or speckled. This breed does not fare well in cold climates. Little information is available on the overall health or lifespan of this breed currently since it is being reconstructed.

Rat Terrier

Rat Terrier sleeping on bed

The Rat Terrier is a little doggo full of all the canine charm and fun you could dream of! But don’t let their angelic face and size fool you – this pup is cheeky (read, super-naughty), and they always think that they’re right. They are also super inquisitive and often find themselves in trouble. If you can accept their delightfully devilish character, you are sure to find a bestie in this little pup.

Red Heeler

Red Heeler Breed looking up at sky

Red Heelers are medium-sized herding dogs with spirited personalities. They can be wonderful companions for families that spend a lot of time outdoors. As with any breed, there is always more to a pup than what we see on the outside.

Redbone Coonhound

Redbone Coonhound face outside

The Redbone Coonhound is a gorgeous dog with a fine red coat. They are one of the American Coonhounds, making them an excellent hunter. This is the purpose they were originally bred for. They are especially good at treeing raccoons and other quarries. They also have a majestic voice they use both in and out of the hunt– which may be a cause of dismay for the neighbors.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

Known for the trademark ridge running down their backs, the Rhodesian Ridgeback can be light to red wheaten in color. On average, the Ridgeback stands 26” tall and weighs around 80 lbs. They have a protective nature but are loving with their family. Some have a distinctive ridge that runs from their shoulders to their hips. They are good dogs with the right owners but do not do well with new animals

Roman Rottweiler

The Roman Rottweiler is also known as the Roman Utility Molosser. There are a number of size ranges within this breed that are characterized as small, medium, large, and extra large and also divided by gender. For males, 26 ½ to 27 inches tall is small, 27 ½ inches is medium, 28 to 29 inches is large, and anything 30 inches or over is extra large. For females, 24 ½ to 25 inches tall is small, 25 ½ to 26 inches is medium, 27 to 28 inches is large, and anything over 29 inches is extra large. Males weigh at least 120 pounds, and females weigh at least 80 pounds. The coat of this breed is thick and short, and while a number of colors are found, the most popular are black and tan, black and rust, and black and mahogany. The Roman Rottweiler requires plenty of exercise to avoid problems from obesity. The most common health concerns for this breed include hip dysplasia, obesity, entropion, ACL damage, and hip dysplasia. The average lifespan of this dog is between 10 to 12 years.

Rottweiler

Black and Rust Rottweiler Standing Alert on a Beach

Rottweilers are big dogs that aren’t suited to apartment living, and you’ll need a spacious home with a garden if you want to give a home to one of these pups. Rotties can stand up to 27 inches at the shoulder. And these dogs are muscular, powerful animals that can look imposing, especially to strangers visiting your home.

Rough Collie

The Rough Collie stands between 22 to 26 inches tall and weighs between 50 to 75 pounds. The coat of this breed is rough, as its name implies, and long with the exception of the head and legs, which feature shorter hair. The rough collie frequently appears to have a “mane” on its chest and around its neck as the coat shifts from short to long. Coat color for the rough collie includes black/white/tan, sable and white, blue merle, and white with sable/blue merle or tricolor markings. This is a very intelligent breed that requires plenty of exercise. Health concerns that are frequently encountered with this breed include arthritis, MDR1 gene positive, skin sensitivity to the sun, PRA, lameness, and collie eye syndrome. The average lifespan of this long-lived breed is between 14 and 16 years.

Russian Spaniel

The Russian Spaniel stands between 15 and 17 ¾ inches tall and weighs between 28 to 35 pounds. Although relatively small, this breed is very prone to obesity and overeating so it is important to manage the diet of this breed strictly. This dog is a hunting breed but can do well with apartment life if it receives adequate amounts of exercise. The coat of the Russian Spaniel is held tightly to the body and has fringes on the ears and the backs of the legs. The most common colors for this breed are white with spots or speckles of red, black, or brown. The average lifespan of this breed is around 14 years.

Russian Toy Terrier

The Russian Toy Terrier goes by a number of names, including the Russian toy, Russkiy Toy, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian miniature terrier, Russian Longhaired Toy Terrier, and the Moscow Longhair Toy Terrier. This is a small breed that stands between 8 to 10 inches tall and weighs between 3 to 6 pounds. The Russian toy terrier is a good dog for apartment life but still requires a daily walk. This breed can have long hair or short hair and is most commonly sable, red or black, and tan in color. Not too much is known of the common health concerns of this breed or the average lifespan.

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is also known as the Russian Bolonka and the Bolonka-Zwetna. This breed stands between 7 and 10 inches tall and weighs between 3 to 10 pounds, with most dogs on the lighter end of the scale. The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka has quite a fluffy coat that comes in a wide range of colors; however, dogs with more than 20% white are not accepted by kennel clubs. This small breed still requires daily exercise in addition to regular grooming to ensure overall health. The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is prone to a number of health conditions, including hip dysplasia, luxating patella, thyroid problems, eye conditions, heart conditions, and liver shunt. The average life span for this breed is between 12 and 16 years.

Saint Bernard Poodle (Saint Berdoodle)

Saint Berdoodle running in snow

The Saint Berdoodle is the best of both his parents. It mixes the gorgeous Saint Bernard and the ever-popular standard-sized Poodle. He is also known as the Saint Berpoo or simply the Saint Bernard Poodle mix. This newly mixed hybrid puppy is an excellent choice for those who cannot choose between these two lovable breeds. Because with the Saint Berdoodle, you get a 2-for-1 designer deal.

Saint Bernard

White and Brown Saint Bernard  in the Mountains

While they prove to be intimidating to some due to their size, Saint Bernards are nothing but big balls of cuddliness. Easily trained and greatly attached to their owners, they serve well as companions for people who need a nurturing presence in their lives. Dependable, sociable, and playful, this is a breed that any large dog enthusiast should consider as an option when adopting a dog.

Saluki

Saluki dog face up close outside standing looking to the right

The Saluki is a rare breed in America, and not many people know that they are one of the oldest breeds in the world, possibly the oldest. Salukis originate from the Middle East and are often called a gift from Allah. They are a favorite among Pharaohs, Kings, Conquerors, and more. So, what’s not to like about this breed? Well, there is nothing to dislike, but there are certainly a few things that don’t meet everyone’s canine wish list.

Samoyed

The Samoyed, or Sammy, is a gorgeous breed that hails from Siberia. The Samoyed’s best personality trait is a zest for life. This breed is always happy and famous for its Sammy smile and always filling people’s days with love. These pups are very needy but are quite lovable. This medium-sized pup can reach between 35 and 65 pounds. They love cold weather and can withstand extremely cold temperatures.

Schipperke

Schipperke sitting in the grass

The Schipperke is a tiny dog with a huge coat and an even bigger personality. They look similar to Pomeranians, but they are not related. So, if you are looking for a dog almost identical to the Pom but rarer, this could be the breed for you. They are nearly always black, with a heavily layered and natural coat, but their foxy face and cheeky smile are usually the traits that people fall in love with.

Scottish Deerhound

Deerhound in the forest

The Scottish Deerhound is another large breed you will likely not see much of in America. Due to their similar appearance, they are often confused with the Irish Wolfhound. Scottish Deerhounds are very gentle but can become fierce and protective when provoked. They are generally quite sweet with their family and love playing and cuddling. They often ignore strangers and do not make good guard dogs because they rarely bark. Overall, this is a calm, regal, dignified breed happy to spend his day by your side.

Scottish Terrier

Black Scottish Terrier Laying on Rug

The Scottish Terrier (also known as the Scottie) is a popular dog breed across the world, but they take a very special kind of owner. The Scottish Terrier is a short but seriously feisty little dog, thought to be the forefather of all terriers in Great Britain. This blueprint breed was created to hunt vermin.

Sheepdog Poodle (Sheepadoodle)

Sheepadoodle Dog Outdoors

The Sheepadoodle is a designer dog that is a seriously cute bundle of fluff. If any famous line from a movie could describe the Sheepadoodle, it would be Agnes’s description from Despicable Me: “It’s so fluffy I’m gonna die!” He’s one of the most popular Poodle mixes you can adopt. He is energetic, friendly, fun, and adorable. He has so many other desirable doggy traits that could describe him.

Shetland Sheepdog (Sheltie)

Black Shetland Sheepdog sitting outside

The Shetland Sheepdog is a sprightly little pup who brightens up the days of all those he meets. He is happy, energetic, and fun but also versatile and hardworking. He can also be independent and hates to be left alone for too long. Affectionately known as the Sheltie, he is a popular dog who makes a fantastic family pet. But he has to be placed with the right family.

Shiba Inu

Brown and White Akita with Red Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu is regarded as one of Japan’s national treasures. They’re arguably the most popular of the Japanese native dog breeds and have enjoyed this popularity for generations. These ancient dogs were originally bred to be hunters’ companions, flushing out game in the mountains and forests. In fact, the words “Shiba Inu” mean “Brushwood Dog”. This may mean they were named after the terrain they hunted in or because they were the color of autumn brushwood!

Shih Tzu

Female groomer brushing Shih Tzu at grooming salon.

The affectionate, outgoing Shih Tzu (pronounced Sheed-zoo) is a member of the Toy group. This same group also includes Yorkies and other smaller dogs. This playful little dog currently ranks at number 20 in the AKC’s top breeds chart. Chinese emperors once prized the Shih Tzu as a lapdog. And this pup loves to be spoiled! Consequently, the little “Lion Dog” is one of the most popular of all toy breeds.

Siberian Husky

A purebred Siberian Husky dog without leash outdoors in the nature on a sunny day

Many potential dog owners looking for a medium-sized dog consider the Siberian Husky due to their striking good looks and potentially bright blue eyes. The Husky has a beautifully distinct coat, and he looks as close to a wolf as you can get. He is the lightest and fastest of the sled dogs, and he brings lots of fun, comedy, and laughter into our lives.

Silky Terrier

Developed in Australia as a cross between the Australian Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier, the Silky Terrier is a toy breed full of energy. Fully grown, they weigh just 10 pounds. They are often confused with the Yorkie but are not the same breed. Silky Terriers have a higher prey drive and are slightly larger than Yorkies.

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, also known as the Wheaten for short, is a purebred dog that originated in Ireland. Sheds very little, which makes them great for people allergic to other breads. There is never a dull moment with a Wheaten in your life, they will brighten even the gloomiest of days. The Wheaten is a medium-sized dog that weighs between 30 and 40 pounds.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Staffordshire Bull Terrier sitting in the grass

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is the smallest of the Pitbull-type breeds. They have a history of dog-fighting, but thankfully, they now make some of the best family companions you could ask for. They are super loyal and love their family more than anything, especially the smaller family members. Staffies are intelligent and eager to please, making them easily trainable if you start early.

Standard Schnauzer

Standard Schnauzer Breed standing in meadow outside

The Standard Schnauzer is the original German farm dog, and they still retain all the instincts of one. This means you cannot trust them around smaller animals. So, it would be best to have a secure garden and a furry-free home. They are very sociable and are active most of the day. They’re also super stubborn, so they need an experienced owner.

Swedish Vallhund

Swedish Vallhund Dog Breed running in the grass

Swedish Vallhunds are fascinating dogs with a long, colorful history, sharing their origins with Vikings. If you think this means they are powerful dogs despite their size, you’re right. The Vallhund is an amazingly energetic dog with a lot of spunkiness and work ethic. While they may be low to the ground, the Swedish Vallhund (or SV for short) is a giant in the herding world. “Vallhund” itself is a Swedish word that means “herding dog.” They were bred to be short-legged to nip the heels of cattle while avoiding getting kicked.

Tibetan Mastiff

Black Tibetan mastiff rescue sitting on a bench

The Tibetan Mastiff is not a dog you see running around every day at the dog park. These pups are enormous, have a lot of hair, and may not be the right pick for everyone. These mysterious guardian dogs are awe-inspiring, and anyone who sees one will want to know more.

Tibetan Terrier

Tibetan Terrier Pictured Against Grey Background

Tibetan Terriers love to exercise and can hike tirelessly across terrain many dogs their size wouldn’t handle. They are also content to relax on the couch with their people or play quietly on their own with a favorite toy. TTs are versatile and flexible and will adjust to fit the energy and routine of most households with a bit of patience.

Tosa Inu

Tosa Inu Breed standing outside

The Tosa Inu is a giant dog that originated in Japan. They can reach two hundred pounds and need plenty of room. Though they are a giant breed, they are naturally calm and do not require much exercise. About an hour a day is enough. Strenuous exercise is not their favorite thing, but a brisk walk around the park is. Because they are so large, you must be careful around small children and other pets, especially because this breed can be pretty stubborn.

Toy Poodle

Fluffy Toy Poodle sitting on a blanket

The Toy Poodle is a bundle of fun for anyone. They are just as well suited for a single human family as for a larger family with dog-friendly children. When you head out on an easy jog around your suburban block or a brisk walk through the city park, your fashionably smart sidekick will trot happily beside you. A generally healthy, happy companion, Toy Poodles do have a few health risks you’ll want to understand before you set out to find your new best friend.

Treeing Walker Coonhound

Treeing Walker Coonhound Breed face up close

The Treeing Walker Coonhound is a medium-sized pup originally bred as a hunting dog. They retain excellent tracking skills but are more often kept as pets. They have a classic foxhound face with a broad skull and strong jaw. These pups love people and are very good with children, but due to their larger size, they must be supervised. One thing to keep in mind is that this pup has a very loud bark, and it can be heard from quite far away.

Vagabundo

This is small breed, a mix of Chihuahua and Fox Terrier. The coat is short and tri-color, black white and tan.This breed has perky ears and soft brown eyes. The weight is around 10 pounds at maturity. Commonly found in South and Central America and recently in Florida USA. A sweet tempered dog that gets along with other dogs and is loyal to his owner. A great dog for families.

Vizsla

Vizsla With Owner

With their lithe legs, gilded fur, and gorgeous brown eyes, the Vizsla is a picture of grace and elegance. This beautiful dog has origins in Hungary, where they were a hunter’s aide for the Hungarian nobility. This is why they are also called the Hungarian Pointer. They have carried this refinement with them through the centuries and done their work excellently. These days, the Vizsla has found a place in homes all over the world as an excellent family pet.

Weimaraner

Adult Weimaraner dog running in a lake

Elegant, refined, and mysterious, the Weimaraner‘s nickname, the Gray Ghost, is well deserved. In their native Germany, they were bred as a gundog. A valued hunter’s companion to help in handling large game. This gives them plenty of strength and stamina, which is something owners will have to consider before bringing this beautiful dog home.

West Highland White Terrier (Westie)

West Highland White Terrier sitting in grass

The West Highland White Terrier, affectionately called the Westie, is proof that big things can come in small packages. This dog may be little, but they have no shortage of playfulness and confidence. Westies bring joy with them everywhere they go, and it’s not hard to see why! Their silhouette and white coat are simply iconic and adorable. Their huge personalities command attention no matter where they are.

Whippet

Beautiful Whippet Dog in a sweater

The Whippet is probably one of the best names for a dog that whips around at lightning speed. He was bred for racing and chasing small prey at high speeds but built to be smaller and more compact than their Greyhound relatives. This is why you might have heard of his other names, the “Poor Man’s Greyhound” and “Lightning Rag Dog.”

Wire Hair Fox Terrier

Wire Fox Terrier outside on a leash.

While the Wire Fox Terrier is a rare dog breed in America, they are unmistakably adorable. These pups have an incredibly unique look and only reach between 15 and 18 pounds when fully grown. They have an athletic build and wiry coats, which gives them a little more bulk to their appearance. Wire Fox Terriers are very energetic and do well with active families. They have tons of energy and always want to play. Like many other small breeds, they have a high prey drive and like to chase smaller animals, so this is not a good pup to let off the leash.

Xoloitzcuintli

Xoloitzcuintli breed, mexican hairless dog of black color of standart size, standing outdoors on ground with green grass and trees on background on summer sunny day

The dog of the Aztec gods, the Xoloitzcuintli, or Xolo for short, is famous today for his nearly nonexistent, low-shedding coat. Once known as the Mexican Hairless, the Xoloitzcuintli is the National Dog of Mexico. Archaeological evidence shows that ancient people probably believed them to be protective against mortal intruders and evil spirits.

Yakutian Laika

This breed originated in the Arctic seashore and often works as a reindeer herder’s dog, hunter’s dog, or sled dog. These highly active sled dogs have a high prey drive and crave physical activity. The breed is very friendly, but needs proper socailization when they are young.

Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie)

Yorkie Wearing Small Harness

Yorkshire Terriers (Yorkies) are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. They are favored for their limited shedding, adorable looks, and itsy-bitsy size. Yorkies are curious, intelligent, and lively. And did you know that these small pups are ideally suited to the speed and action of agility and flyball? So, there’s never a dull moment when you have a Yorkie in your household.

Yorkie Poodle (Yorkipoo)

Yorkipoo face close up

The Yorkipoo is an adorable designer breed that mixes two popular breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle. and well-loved by pet parents worldwide. A mix of the two is one darling little puppy that will steal your heart. The mix known as Yorkipoo, Yorkiepoo, or Yorkie-Poo is one of a growing number of popular Doodle breeds.

Some Canine Breeds Are Predisposed To Illnesses

Did you know that some dogs are prone to experiencing specific health conditions purely based on their breed? For example, larger breeds like Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds are more likely to experience hip dysplasia and CCL injuries. Researching your dog’s breed can help you know what health concerns your dog is most likely to encounter.

Fortunately, signing up for pet insurance early can help cover those unexpected health conditions. Knowing which health conditions your dog is prone to can help you choose a plan with the coverage you are most likely to need. Our pet insurance comparison can help you see how coverage varies based on provider and plan.

Did we mention your favorite breed? If we missed yours, or you know of a rare breed we should include, let us know in the comments.

The information provided through this website should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease; it is not intended to offer any legal opinion or advice or a substitute for professional safety advice or professional care. Please consult your health care provider, attorney, or product manual for professional advice. Products and services reviewed are provided by third parties; we are not responsible in any way for them, nor do we guarantee their functionality, utility, safety, or reliability. Our content is for educational purposes only.

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