Teeth are an essential part of your dog’s body and play a significant role in their health. When dogs have healthy teeth, they can get the nutrients their bodies need to stay healthy and strong. When their teeth aren’t healthy, it affects total body health and can cause discomfort.
Do you know how to check your dog’s teeth for an infection?
There are a few common problems you may encounter with your dog’s teeth.
- Broken Teeth: Dogs can break their teeth during trauma or by chewing on hard things. Without treatment, a broken tooth can lead to an infection.
- Gum Disease: Gingivitis and Periodontal disease is the most common tooth problem for dogs. Gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, causing bone and tooth loss.
- Loose Teeth: Teeth can become loose from trauma or infection. Loose teeth can become lost teeth without intervention.
- Tooth Decay: Cavities can lead to rotten teeth or a tooth infection.
- Tooth Infection: A tooth infection or abscess can be hazardous and painful for your pup.
All dogs lose teeth. But it’s only normal to lose teeth when your dog is a puppy. If adult teeth are falling out, that’s usually a sign of trauma, gum disease, or infection. It’s helpful to understand how many teeth dogs have and standard eruption patterns, so you know what to expect.
Unfortunately, your dog can’t tell you if his tooth is hurting. If you notice any of these signs, your dog could be experiencing tooth pain:
- Not eating as much as usual
- Whining during meals
- Only chewing on one side
- Stops eating in the middle of a meal
- Spits out food
“Rotten teeth” seems to be a catch-all term. This term describes broken teeth, teeth with cavities, and a mouth with gum disease. When you look in your dog’s mouth and see broken teeth, black spots, holes, and bad breath, your dog likely has a dental problem.
Some dogs are more likely to have bad teeth because of their breed. For instance, Pugs, Shih Tzus, Bulldogs, and Boston Terriers, are all known to have teeth that don’t line up correctly, a condition called malocclusion. This issue puts these dogs at a higher risk for gum disease. Even though tooth decay or cavities are rare for dogs, Shepherd dogs get cavities more frequently than other breeds.
It’s essential to understand what dental concerns your pup might be facing based on their breed genetics. And, if your dog’s breed is prone to dental concerns, you might want to consider getting pet insurance with good dental coverage to help manage the finances as they age.
Can Bad Teeth Cause Other Health Concerns?
An infection in a dog’s mouth can cause them to be more susceptible to other health conditions. Gum disease is a precursor to heart disease and complicates diabetes. If a tooth gets infected and goes untreated, that infection can spread to the nose, eyes, and even the bloodstream where it can infect the entire body.
Here are some signs and symptoms you may notice if your dog has bad teeth or mouth pain.
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums
- Inflammation and swelling around the tooth
- Loose teeth
- Nasal drainage
- Not eating
- Swollen face
- White drainage or pus
A tooth infection can occur when bacteria get into the center of the tooth, known as the tooth’s nerve canal. The bacteria enter a tooth when it’s broken, cracked, or has a cavity. When an infection is severe and left untreated, it can lead to death.
If your dog has an infected tooth, you only have two options:
1. Root Canal
This procedure needs to be done by a veterinary dentist. The process removes the nerve of the tooth and then seals the tooth. It allows your dog to keep his tooth and stops the pain and infection.
This is the process of removing a tooth. It removes the infection and stops the pain, but the tooth is gone. It’s a less expensive option.
Your vet may prescribe an antibiotic to get the infection under control before treatment can occur.
Treating your dog’s tooth infection can be costly. You may want to explore which pet insurance company offers the best dental coverage to ease the pain from this and other unexpected future vet expenses.
Dogs with bad teeth need soft food to help them get the nutrition they need without feeling pain. This becomes more important when your dog is healing after having an extraction or with older dogs who need good nutrition for their total body health. Choosing a natural product, like one of these high-quality dog foods (available for delivery), can help you get the most nutrients out of every bite.
It’s best to continue to clean your dog’s teeth during this time. However, it helps to be gentle around tender areas and make sure you understand your vet’s instructions for dental cleaning after treatment.
If your dog’s teeth are causing him pain, you’ll want to talk to your vet about relief. Generally, medications made for humans are not safe to give to dogs. Our experts review the options and even some natural choices in our article on the best pain meds for dogs.
Older Dogs Need Extra Love
When you have an older dog, you may need to put some extra effort into their teeth. Checking and brushing your pup’s teeth every day will help you identify issues early and keep your dog’s teeth healthy and strong. Strong teeth ensure that your older dog will eat nutritious foods that’ll keep his body healthy.
The best way to prevent tooth infections and rotten teeth is to have a good oral care routine. Our experts have lots of tips for brushing your dog’s teeth.
This two-minute video from VCA Animal Hospitals (originally Veterinary Centers of America Inc.) addresses tooth infections and why your dog should have his mouth checked every year by a vet.
Annual checkups help you stay aware of what’s going on with your dog’s health. Your vet will check your dog’s total body health, and that includes his dental health. Be sure to check out our article on the importance of an annual dog checkup to learn more about this essential yearly visit with your vet.
What kind of problems has your dog had with his teeth?