Most of us know the term “staph infections” because humans can contract them fairly easily. But did you know that dogs are totally susceptible to staph infections too?
How do staph infections affect dogs? They’re mostly found on their skin but not always. Staph infections can become a serious threat to your dog’s health, so it’s crucial to know how to spot the signs and when to go to your vet.
Staph infections in dogs are caused by Staphylococcus bacteria, and in most cases, they appear as skin infections. Staphylococcus bacteria usually live on the skin of animals (and humans) without causing any problems. But once the skin gets irritated or wounded, the bacteria can invade the skin tissues and multiply quickly, causing an infection.
Photo credit: Animal Dermatology Referral Clinic
Excessive growth of staph bacteria can also cause ear infections in dogs, but this article focuses on staph infections on a dog’s skin. Our article on ear infections in dogs can teach you about causes, symptoms, treatment, and more information.
The most common causes of skin irritation in dogs are excessive scratching, licking, and chewing. But anything that causes a change in a dog’s healthy skin environment can create the ideal conditions for Staphylococcus to become an infection. This often includes dogs who have fleas or who have allergies to food or environmental factors.
Staph infections can occur in any breed or age, but older dogs are more susceptible due to a weaker immune system. Some dogs are also prone to stubborn, recurring staph skin infections — this is when it’s especially crucial for a vet to determine the underlying cause.
In younger dogs who have recurrent infections, common causes include external parasites and allergic skin disease. Older dogs can also develop recurrent infections from hypothyroidism or another underlying systemic disease.
There are several symptoms your dog may show if he’s suffering from a staph infection:
- Excessive scratching, licking, or chewing
- Red and inflamed skin
- Patchy fur loss with skin that’s moist, crusting, or peeling
- Pus-filled lesions on the skin
- Circular lesions that look like ringworm
Skin infections in dogs are very common, and they’re not always a staph infection. Hot spots can often develop from excessive licking, chewing, and scratching. But your veterinarian should see your dog if he’s showing these signs to determine the best diagnosis and treatment. If a staph infection is left untreated, it can lead to serious conditions like blood poisoning or even death.
If your dog shows signs of a skin infection, you should see your veterinarian as soon as possible. Your vet will want information about the onset and length of symptoms and may want to do skin tests to help determine the underlying cause of the problem. In some situations, they may require a skin biopsy to determine which antibiotic will work best to fight the infection.
Treatment for staph infections typically involves an oral antibiotic to prevent the infection from spreading to internal organs. If the infection is on your dog’s skin, your vet may also prescribe a topical antibiotic ointment.
Your vet will give you instructions on how to apply these medications and how long to continue treatment. Some infections may require three to six weeks of treatment before it’s under control. But in some cases, antibacterial shampoos and sprays can help your dog recover more quickly. You can ask your vet which ones she recommends.
A Personal Experience With Staph Infection
“Last winter, my dog’s skin became very red and itchy. I took her to the vet, who said she was having skin allergies that had led to a staph infection. She said the dry skin that was flaking off and a bump on her belly that looked like a zit were two signs that she had a staph infection. She put her on an antibiotic and steroid to clear it up. Our vet told us this was the number condition they see during the winter time.” – Kimberly A., Canine Journal
Staph infections themselves aren’t contagious. However, the normal, harmless Staphylococcus bacteria living on our bodies can be spread from dog to dog and from humans to dogs.
Watch this brief video to see how staph infections can look different from one dog to the next.
If your dog has recurring skin infections or is just frequently itchy, allergies could be the reason. As we mentioned above, it’s important to consult your vet to properly diagnosis any skin problems your dog is having. But you can also learn more about which foods and environmental factors could be causing your dog problems by giving him an at-home dog allergy test kit.
Is your dog suffering from constant itching or other skin problems?