icon breeds outline Breeds

Pet Ownership Statistics: How Many Dogs Are In The World?


Last Updated: April 22, 2024 | 4 min read | Leave a Comment

When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn a commission. Here’s how it works.

A dog wearing glasses and suit standing in front of charts holding money and piggy bank

It’s no secret that we’re crazy about our pets. We write about every dog-related subject we can get our paws on, so we thought it would be fun to research pet ownership statistics and share them with you.

We give you verified pet ownership statistics concerning the location, cost, and demographics of pet parents.

How Many Dogs Are In The World?

Unfortunately, this question is impossible to answer. Many countries have no registration process for animals. Not to mention, the number of strays that populate the streets is unknown. It is estimated by the World Animal Foundation that there are around 900 million dogs in the world. This includes pets and free-roaming animals.

What we can share is that in 2018, there were an estimated 470 million pet dogs and 370 million pet cats worldwide.1 Keep in mind this doesn’t include all the stray pets that wander the streets, so the cat and dog population is most likely much more significant than this.

In 2022, there were an estimated 104 million pet dogs in Europe.11 And in 2022, there were an estimated 51.2 million pet dogs in China.3 Currently, Brazil has the highest number of small dogs per capita worldwide.

How does the United States compare to these other countries? In 2023, there were close to 90 million pet dogs in the U.S.9 The United States dog population is steadily increasing and is projected to reach 135 million by 2039.9

How Many U.S. Households Own A Pet?

Americans are fond of having furry (or scaly or feathery) pets in their homes. According to the 2023-2024 APPA National Pet Owners Survey, 66% of U.S. households own a pet. This is about 86.9 million households. Dogs were by far the most common pets, with 65.1 million homes owning a dog, followed closely by cats with 46.5 million homes. Other common pets in U.S. households include freshwater fish, birds, small animals, reptiles, horses, and saltwater fish.5

US households with pets 2023.

Fun Fact

With dogs being the most popular pets for Americans, Labrador Retrievers were the most popular breed in the U.S. for 31 years in a row6, but in 2022, the French Bulldog took over the number one spot.

Pet Ownership Statistics By State

Rural areas tend to have higher percentages of pet ownership than urban areas. As of May 2023, data shows that Wyoming has the highest rate of pet ownership at 71.8%, followed by West Virginia (70.7%), Nebraska and Vermont (70%), and Idaho (69.9%). States with the lowest rate of pet ownership include Rhode Island (45.4%), South Dakota (46.4%), New Jersey (47.4%), and Maryland (48.6%). The District of Columbia has the lowest pet ownership rate (38.2%). 4

US pet ownership rates by state.

Which States Have More Dogs vs Cats?

Wondering which places you are most likely to see cats or dogs?4

Most Dog Ownership:

  • Idaho (58.3%)
  • Montana (51.9%)
  • Arkansas (51.6%)
  • Mississippi (51%)
  • West Virginia (49.6%)

Most Cat Ownership:

  • Vermont (44.6%)
  • Maine (43.6%)
  • West Virginia (37.7%)
  • Indiana (37.5%)
  • New Hampshire (36.4%)

How Much Do Americans Spend On Pets?

We love our pets dearly and want them to have the comfiest bed, healthiest food, yummiest treats, the best pet insurance, and the most fun toys. But there are also necessities that our pets need, like vet care, grooming, and medication. In 2022, U.S. pet industry expenditures totaled $136.8 billion. That’s an increase from $123.6 billion in 2021 and $103.6 billion in 2020.7

Dog Expenditures In 2022:

  • Pet food and treats: $58.1 billion
  • Vet care and products: $35.9 billion
  • Supplies: $31.5 billion
  • Boarding, grooming, insurance, training, sitting: $11.4 billion

Estimated Dog Expenditures For 2023:

  • Pet food and treats: $62.7 billion
  • Vet care and products: $37 billion
  • Supplies: $32.1 billion
  • Boarding, grooming, insurance, training, sitting: $11.8 billion

The average annual expense for dog parents totals $1,480, and $902 for cat parents, including surgical and routine vet visits, food, treats, boarding, vitamins, grooming, and toys.5 Of course, this is simply an estimate of basic costs. Cat and dog owners often spend far more on high-quality food, treats, and toys. Older dogs and cats may need more medical care, on average $200 to $500 more a year.

Pets with special needs and health concerns often need special diets or medication. Doggy daycare can also be very expensive. Larger dog breeds need bigger supplies, which cost more in the larger sizes.

US pet industry spending per year.

Basic Annual Dog Expenses:

  • Surgical vet visits: $458
  • Food: $287
  • Kennel boarding: $228
  • Routine vet visits: $242
  • Treats: $81
  • Grooming/Groomer aids: $47
  • Vitamins: $81
  • Toys: $56

Basic Annual Cat Expenses:

  • Food: $254
  • Surgical vet visits: $201
  • Routine vet visits: $178
  • Kennel boarding: $78
  • Treats: $72
  • Vitamins: $47
  • Grooming/Groomer aids: $31
  • Toys: $41

Pet Owner Demographics In The U.S.

Here are some quick stats from 2021 about pet parent demographics.10

  • Relationship status affects pet ownership:
    • 7% of partnered adults have pets
    • 65% of married people have pets
    • 55% of people who are divorced, separated, or widowed have pets
    • 49% of people who have never been married have pets
  • Rural Americans are more likely to own pets and to own more pets:
    • 71% of adults in rural areas own pets
    • 47% of adults in rural America have more than 1 pet
    • 32% of adults in the suburbs have pets
    • 26% of urban living Americans have pets
  • Households with pets by racial and ethnic type:
    • 68% White
    • 66% Latino/Hispanic
    • 34% Black/African-American10

What Type Of Home Do Pet Owners Live In?

The highest rate of pet ownership is among households living in mobile homes (73.8%), followed by houses (65.8%). The lowest rates appear among those living in apartments, condos, duplexes, and other multiple-family residences.4

Cat Owners vs Dog Owners

Do you know that cat owners differ from dog owners on average? 8

Dog Parents:

  • Watch more romcoms, horror, and action films
  • 2x as likely to work in finance and tend to earn more money than cat owners
  • Enjoy sports, yoga, dancing, and travel

Cat Parents:

  • Watch more documentaries, musicals, or indie films
  • Are more creative and 4x more likely to work in a creative field than dog owners
  • Enjoy reading, writing, and gardening
Dog Owners vs Cat Owners

Pet Insurance Statistics

Pet Nation book cover.

No matter the country, people love their pets. It doesn’t matter where you live, what your income is, or what your ethnic background is. Pets make this world a better place. If you would like to learn more, we recommend the book Pet Nation by Mark L. Cushing. It provides a deep dive into the history, data, and dynamics that better explain the rapid rise in the popularity of pets in our homes and our economy.

If you enjoy reading about pet statistics, you may like to read our pet insurance statistics. You can learn more about health-related expenses associated with dogs and how pet insurance can help pay for these costly, unexpected vet visits.

Was there a statistic that surprised you? Which one? We’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments.

Sources: [1] Statista, [2] Statista, [3] Statista, [4] World Population Review, [5] APPA, [6] AKC, [7] Statista, [8] Mars Petcare, [9] Pet Nation by Mark L. Cushing, [10] Pew Research, [11] FEDIAF for European Pet Food Industry.

The information provided through this website should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease; it is not intended to offer any legal opinion or advice or a substitute for professional safety advice or professional care. Please consult your health care provider, attorney, or product manual for professional advice. Products and services reviewed are provided by third parties; we are not responsible in any way for them, nor do we guarantee their functionality, utility, safety, or reliability. Our content is for educational purposes only.

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Scroll to Top