Which Dog Vaccinations Are Necessary?

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Dog being given shot by vet(caption: Dog Vaccination Guide)Only you and your dog’s vet can decide what vaccinations are necessary for your dog. No one wants to put their dog through discomfort, and the vaccination schedule seems endless. You may question whether all of these vaccinations are really necessary.

We’ll help you learn the core vaccinations and the non-core ones, but keep in mind depending on your area specific vaccination may be required.

Article Overview

What Do Vaccinations Do?

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Vaccinations are designed to protect your dog against an array of illnesses. Vaccinations work by injecting your dog with a small amount of infectious organisms. The organisms are placed under your dog’s skin, and as your dog’s immune system recognizes them as foreign bodies, it begins to fight them.

After being exposed to a specific infectious agent, your dog’s body will be able to identify these agents and release antibodies more quickly in the future.

Dog Vaccination Time Table

Source: CanineJournal.com

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Common Dog Vaccinations

Many dog vaccinations that are “common” for pet owners to administer to their dogs, these include:

Parvovirus | Coronavirus | Rabies | Leptospira | Lyme Disease | Bordatella 

Other Dog Illnesses

Distemper | Parainfluenza | Hepatitis

What Is Parvovirus?

Canine parvovirus (parvo) is extremely contagious and is contracted through the feces of an infected dog. Unfortunately, parvo often kills young puppies with poorly developed immune systems.

Dog with sick mask onAround 91% of untreated parvo cases result in death. The parvo vaccine is the only way to prevent a dog from contracting this virus. Parvo cannot be spread from dogs to humans. Dogs that have contracted parvo generally show symptoms within three to ten days.

The most commonly seen symptoms of parvo include: secondary infections, dehydration, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, endotoxemia, shock and eventually death.

If a dog has a confirmed case of parvo they can infect neighborhood dogs with their feces and through soil that has come in contact with their feces. Dogs can still shed the parvovirus in their feces once they have recovered from the virus. The vaccine can take up to two weeks to take effect and fully protect a dog from it.

Parvovirus Vaccination

The parvovirus vaccine is given as a 4- or 5-way vaccine (DHPP or DHLPP), standing for Distemper, Hepatitis (Adenovirus), Leptospira, Parainfluenza and Parvovirus.

The first dose is administered as young as six weeks old and is then given in a 2 to 4-week interval until at least the age of 16 weeks old (totaling three times). A booster shot is given one year after the last interval dose, then again every three years.

What Is Canine Coronavirus?

Canine coronavirus (CCV) is a disease that affects the intestinal tract. This canine virus is not the same as COVID-19, which is currently devastating the globe’s human population. Coronavirus in dogs doesn’t usually last too long, but it does cause numerous side effects and complications in some cases.

Dog with face mask on (Caption: Coronavirus & Dogs)Canine coronavirus can be passed through feces and saliva. A dog has one to five days after being exposed to the disease for symptoms to present themselves. Symptoms include onset diarrhea, a decrease in appetite and lethargy. A dog’s stool often contains mucus or blood and will always have a distinct odor.

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for coronavirus. Do your best to keep control of the symptoms because often a secondary infection may occur, which you can then get antibiotics for. Coronavirus is rarely fatal except in the cases of dogs with underdeveloped or compromised immune systems.

Coronavirus Vaccination

Canine Coronavirus (CCV) is NOT recommended by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) because it:

  1. causes mild or subclinical disease.
  2. generally occurs in dogs younger than six weeks old.
  3. is typically self-limiting.

What Is Rabies?

Rabies is a viral disease that can be carried by many mammals. This is one of the few zoonotic diseases (diseases humans can catch from their dogs).

Rabies Symptoms in DogsRabies is commonly transmitted through a bite from the infected mammal. Rabies causes acute encephalitis and eventually infects the entire nervous system causing death.

Rabies can be stopped if it is treated before symptoms occur. Once symptoms appear it becomes a fatal disease. Rabies can take anywhere from two to 12 weeks to present itself; however, some cases can take much longer.

There are two forms of rabies: furious and paralytic. Once a dog is infected with rabies he will exhibit slight nervous systems abnormalities. A few days later the dog will either die immediately or progress to either the furious or paralytic stage of infection.

A dog with furious rabies exhibits extreme behavioral changes. Furious rabies is often the type of rabies depicted in the media, the dog is aggressive and willing to attack. Dogs with paralytic rabies show a slow loss of coordination, weakness and then paralysis.


If you ever think your dog has come in contact with rabies you should take him to the vet immediately even if he is up to date on his rabies vaccination.

Symptoms of rabies include fever, paralysis, seizures, a dropped jaw, inability to swallow, hydrophobia, pica, a change in bark tone, unusual aggression, lack of coordination, excessive salivation or frothy saliva.

Rabies Vaccination

Puppies 12 weeks old generally receive the rabies vaccine. However, this age may vary from place to place depending on local laws. The puppy gets a second rabies shot within one year after the first shot. After that, boosters are usually given once every one or three years, depending on the vaccination used and local laws.

What Is Leptospira?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection caused by the pathogen Leptospira. Leptospira, or Leptospirosis, can affect canines and humans and can result in death in some cases.

Dog walking through watter

Dogs become infected with Leptospires (an organism that thrives in water) by consuming urine contaminated water or contact with infected urine.

Leptospires use a dog’s kidneys to breed and continue living out their life cycle. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, depression, loss of appetite, generalized pain and conjunctivitis. Later symptoms include: a drop in temperature, increased thirst, change in urine color, jaundice, frequent urination, dehydration, difficulty breathing, muscular tremors, vomiting and bloody feces.

Antibiotics can help shorten the length of the disease and reduce potential organ damage if caught in early stages. In more severe cases, kidney filtration and blood transfusion may be necessary. About 10% of Leptospirosis cases result in death from secondary complications.

Leptospirosis Vaccination

The Leptospirosis vaccination is considered a “non-core” vaccine and isn’t required. Leptospira is a preventative vaccination based on the two most common Leptospires known for causing this infection in dogs.

Infection rates have dropped drastically over time and dogs that do become infected are by a completely different strain of Leptospire. Because of this, most vets do not regularly give the Leptospirosis vaccine unless there have been numerous cases in your area. The vaccine can be included in a combination vaccination like the DHLLP or it can be given individually.

What Is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is spread through a tick bite. Symptoms don’t always appear for all dogs with Lyme disease although some will show swollen lymph nodes or lameness.

TickIf your dog does display symptoms of Lyme disease be sure to check her over for any ticks that may still be present. Untreated Lyme disease can cause extreme inflammation in your dog’s nervous system, heart and kidneys and potentially lead to death.

Vets test for Lyme disease by taking blood samples and if a dog is positive for Lyme disease, early treatment with Doxycycline is prescribed. If a more advanced stage of Lyme disease is suspected antibiotic treatment will continue for longer and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed.

Lyme Disease Vaccination

The Lyme disease vaccination is usually only given to dogs in areas where Lyme disease is a concern. It is given as early as eight weeks old and a second dose is given two to four weeks later. A booster shot is given one year following the second dose and then annually.

Lyme Disease Prevention

The best treatment is to prevent Lyme disease before it arrives by keeping your pet’s tick preventative treatment current.

What Is Bordatella?

Bordatella, or kennel cough, is caused by bacteria and is spread through airborne contaminants. Bordatella is spread through exposure to infected dogs or the transfer of bacteria in food bowls, cages and water bowls.

What Is Kennel Cough?As bacteria multiply, it destroys the lining of the dog’s trachea, which results in a high pitch cough. Dogs may also gag and wretch as they cough. Symptoms include fever, sneezing, nasal discharge, loss of appetite and depression.

Incubation for kennel cough is approximately five to seven days. When symptoms present, the dog should be given antibiotics and a cough suppressant. Untreated bordatella can lead to pneumonia and a secondary bacterial infection.

Bordatella Vaccination

The bordatella vaccination can be given as a traditional vaccination, as an inhaled nasal mist or orally. It takes 48 hours after the vaccination for a dog to develop immunity to the disease. Most kennels require dogs to have their bordatella vaccination before they  allow boarding. Bordatella vaccinations are generally given once every 12 months.

What Is Canine Distemper?

Canine distemper is an extremely contagious viral disease. This disease is closely related to the virus that causes measles.

Sick dog: Distemper in DogsCanine distemper spreads through the airs and attacks the tonsils and lymph nodes. The virus replicates in the body and attacks the gastrointestinal, respiratory, urogenital and nervous systems.

Unfortunately, there is no known cure for canine distemper; however, some dogs can recover fully after receiving treatment for symptoms and constant care.

After a dog has fully recovered, she will no longer carry or spread the disease. Symptoms include high fever, runny nose, eye discharge, red eyes, lethargy, lack of appetite, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and paralysis. Some dogs also experience thickening or enlargement of their footpads.

Canine Distemper Vaccination

The canine distemper vaccination is given as a part of a combination vaccination, most commonly the DHLPP. The “D” in DHLPP stands for distemper. This vaccination also protects against hepatitis (adenovirus), leptospirosis, parvo and parainfluenza, this is known as the 5-way vaccine.

Dogs should receive a vaccination against canine distemper at 6 to 8 weeks, 10 to 12 weeks and 14 to 16 weeks. A booster shot is provided at 12 months and every three years after.

What Is Parainfluenza?

Parainfluenza, or canine influenza is highly contagious. Symptoms include dry cough, fever, wheezing, difficulty breathing, runny nose, sneezing, pneumonia, reduced appetite, lethargy, eye inflammation, runny eyes and conjunctivitis.

Most dogs recover on their own, but most vets like to treat them immediately using antibiotics and antiviral drugs since it is so contagious. A cough suppressant and additional fluids may also be given to your dog.

Parainfluenza Vaccination

The parainfluenza vaccine won’t prevent the spread of the disease, but it will limit the severity of an infection. The vaccination is included in a combination vaccine called canine distemper-measles-parainfluenza shots and DHPP shots.

The first vaccine is at 6 to 8 weeks old, the second at 10 to 12 weeks and again at 14 to 16 weeks old. A combination booster shot is administered 12 months after the last interval dose and then every three years.

What Is The Adenovirus Cough & Hepatitis?

The canine adenovirus type 1 causes canine hepatitis. Dogs who suffer from this virus experience swelling and cell damage in the liver, which can result in hemorrhage and death. This virus can be contracted through feces and urine of infected dogs.

Symptoms include pain in the abdomen, abdominal distension, lack of appetite, pale color, lethargy, fever and tonsillitis. Fluid swelling in the corneas often results in the appearance of the dog having blue eyes. Death within one to two days is common in more severe cases. However, if a dog survives the first few days, it can result in a full recovery and future immunity to the virus.

The canine adenovirus type 2 is a relative of the hepatitis virus and is one of the causes of kennel cough. Once your dog receives the vaccine for this virus, the severity of it is limited, so the chance of death is unlikely. Symptoms include the development of a hacking cough a week after exposure, inflammation in the airways, white foamy discharge after coughing, pink eye, inflamed nasal passages and nasal discharge.

Adenovirus Cough & Hepatitis Vaccination

The canine adenovirus-1 or the canine adenovirus-2 injection will both protect against the adenovirus cough and hepatitis. However, the adenovirus-2 injection is much more preferred.

This shot is usually included in a combination vaccine such as the 5-way vaccine or the 7-way vaccine. The canine adenovirus vaccine is normally given at 6 to 8 weeks old, 10 to 12 weeks old and again at 14 to 16 weeks old. Another is given with a combination booster shot 12 months after the last interval dose and then every three years.

Understanding Dog Vaccines

Learn more about when to give vaccines in this video from Purina Australia.

What To Consider When Vaccinating Dogs

Core Vaccines

Dog at the vetThere are many considerations to make when vaccinating a dog. The first is local and countrywide laws that determine which vaccinations are mandatory for dogs living in the area.

These types of vaccinations are known as “core” vaccinations and are mandatory for all dogs. Core vaccinations are designed to protect animals from extreme illness or disease and include: the rabies vaccination (in some areas), CDV (canine distemper), CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and CPV-2 (canine parvovirus.)

Non-Core Vaccinations

Non-core vaccinations are other canine vaccinations that are not mandatory except in areas where the specific illness or disease is rampant. An example is the canine parainfluenza vaccination. Many vets will still offer these non-core vaccinations in areas where they are not mandatory, but it is up to the vet and the pet owner to decide whether the dog in question is a suitable vaccination candidate.

Factors To Consider Before Administering Non-Core Vaccinations

There are some items you may want to consider before allowing your vet to give your dog non-core vaccinations. Things like your dog’s age, size, breed, overall health and allergies are key factors. You also want to know your dog’s vaccination history and the other vaccinations your dog is receiving at that time.

Things to Consider before getting Dog Vaccinations

Source: CanineJournal.com

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1. Too Young And Too Old Is Too Risky

Vaccinations have minimum age requirements, and it’s important to stick to them. Young puppies do not have fully developed immune systems so shots of a live virus can affect her body drastically. There are also vaccines that cause side effects that young puppies struggle with.

Elderly dogs often suffer from compromised immune systems so vets may be hesitant to give an unnecessary vaccine to him. There are times where a vet may recommend a longer period between non-core vaccinations for elderly dogs or they may even skip those vaccinations completely.

2. How Many Vaccinations Are Being Administered?

Giving a dog too many vaccinations at once can increase the probability of side effects. This is why it’s important to space those vaccinations out. Your vet may wait to administer any non-core vaccines due to the other vaccines being given at that time.

3. Dog Size Matters

Some dogs may not weigh enough or be strong enough to handle a vaccination. This is another case where your vet may wait on administering any non-core vaccinations. This is especially true for dogs that are malnourished due to illness or runts of the litter.

4. Allergies To Vaccination Ingredients

Dogs can be allergic to specific ingredients that can be found in vaccinations. If a vaccination contains an ingredient that your dog is allergic to your vet will skip this vaccine.

5. The Breed Of Your Dog

Some dog breeds have sensitivities to elements that other breeds don’t have. Particular breeds may have a negative reaction to a specific ingredient while another breed struggles with another.

One example of this is the German Shepherd, which has a sensitivity to Ivermectin in some cases. This is due to the presence of the MDR1 gene that is also seen in other herding dogs including Australian shepherd, border collie, collie, Australian shepherd mini, English shepherd, McNab, Shetland sheepdog, old English sheepdog and breeds that are mixed with these. The Longhaired Whippet and the Silken Windhound both have this gene as well.

Some of the drugs that can become a problem to these types of dogs are:

  • Abamectin
  • Acepromazine
  • Actinomycin D
  • Aldosterone
  • Amitriptyline
  • Butorphanol
  • Cortisol
  • Cyclosporine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Digoxin
  • Diltiazem
  • Docetaxel
  • Domperidone
  • Ketoconazole
  • Doxorubicin
  • Doxycycline
  • Erythromycin
  • Etoposide
  • Itraconazole
  • Ivermectin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Loperamide
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Milbemycin
  • Morphine
  • Moxidectin
  • Ondansetron
  • Paclitaxel
  • Selamectin
  • Sparfloxacin
  • Tacrolimus
  • Talinolol
  • Terfendadine
  • Tetracycline
  • Vecuronium
  • Verapamil
  • Vinblastine
  • Vincristine

6. Vaccination History

If a dog has had a negative effect from a previous vaccination, it’s important to note this so you are aware of what other vaccination may cause negative reactions. If this is the case, your vet may decide not to administer a non-core vaccination to your dog.

7. Your Dog’s Overall Health

You don’t want to vaccinate your dog when she’s ill. Vaccinations can put a strain on the body and the immune system. You also never want to vaccinate your dog when she is recovering from an illness, surgery or medical treatment unless it is necessary.

Anti-Vaxxing Beliefs Are Affecting Dogs

The human anti-vaccination movement is affecting whether or not people have their dogs vaccinated. People think vaccinations are harmful to their pets, however, vets consider the core vaccines to be medically necessary. As a result, veterinarians are seeing an increase of dogs with parvovirus, rabies, distemper and adenovirus-2. And in the case of rabies, this can be especially dangerous for human health as well.

Are Vaccinations Necessary?

As a dog owner, you’ll always wonder if a vaccination is truly necessary. You don’t want to put your dog through any unnecessary discomfort. Some say that vaccinations simply put your mind at ease while others believe you should protect your dog from everything harmful. You have to do what’s best for your dog.

Consult your vet for advice if you find yourself overwhelmed. You and your vet should be able to make the appropriate decision for your dog to be happy and healthy. If cost is a factor for you, consider a wellness plan to help cover the expense of vaccinating your dog.

What’s your stance on vaccinations?

About The Author:

Kimberly received her Bachelor of Arts in multimedia journalism from Simpson College. She has been writing about dogs since 2014, covering subjects such as dog insurance, training, health, accessories, and more. Her work has appeared in many notable brands, including The New York Times' Wirecutter, Reader's Digest, Forbes, People, Woman's World, and Huffington Post.

Kimberly's natural curiosity helps her research as she seeks the truth when learning about, comparing, and personally testing canine products and services. With every piece she writes, her goal is to help our readers find the best fit for their unique needs. Kimberly grew up in a family that loved Labrador Retrievers and remembers running and playing in the yard with them as a child.

In 2017, she and her husband adopted their Coonhound mix, Sally, from a local shelter. Kimberly’s research was put to good use since Sally faced some aggression issues with other dogs and needed some training to be an inside dog. She worked daily with Sally and sought help from professionals to help Sally become the happy pup she is today. One of Kimberly’s favorite pastimes is spoiling Sally with new toys, comfy beds, and yummy treats (she even makes homemade goodies for her). She tries to purchase the safest products for Sally and knows that each canine has their own specific likes and dislikes. Kimberly is passionate about dogs and knows the bond between humans and canines is like no other.

Disclaimer: The information provided through this website should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.

Disclaimer: This website contains reviews, opinions and information regarding products and services manufactured or provided by third parties. We are not responsible in any way for such products and services, and nothing contained here should be construed as a guarantee of the functionality, utility, safety or reliability of any product or services reviewed or discussed. Please follow the directions provided by the manufacturer or service provider when using any product or service reviewed or discussed on this website.

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Fred Gibbons
June 12, 2020 2:35 pm

It’s great that you point out that having your dog vaccinated can help protect them from diseases. I want to do everything I can to make sure my new puppy doesn’t get sick, so I’m thinking about taking him to an animal hospital to get vaccinated. I’m going to look for a reputable animal hospital in the area that offers dog vaccination services.

karen s seaton
February 2, 2020 12:14 am

dose corona virus pass from animal to humans also can humans get parvo

Austin Saunders
January 23, 2020 1:06 pm

I like what you said about making sure that your dog is healthy when you get them vaccinated. My sister has been telling me about how she wants to make sure that her dog is as healthy as possible in the coming months. I’ll share this information with her so that she can look into her options for getting them vaccinated.

Donna Reynolds
January 17, 2020 3:16 am

Is it absolutely necessary to give a dog a flu shot? My dogs are NOT around other dogs and are in the house most of the time. One dog is 14+ and the other is 4. The older dog had a bad reaction to the flu shot last time and had to be put on other medication to get over the flu shot. I would prefer NOT to give my dogs the flu shot. My dogs are Shih Tzu!

Angela Waterford
November 4, 2019 7:15 pm

My sister just gave me a puppy that she got from her pregnant dog since she can’t handle caring for any more pets in her house. It’s interesting to know that my new pet should receive vaccinations at 6-8 weeks old. I think I’ll take him to a veterinarian when he’s at that age so that he can get all the appropriate vaccinations that he’ll need.

September 19, 2019 10:56 am

my dog is acting wierd

Derek McDoogle
August 30, 2019 4:55 pm

I like how you explained that vaccinations are designed to protect your dog against an array of illnesses. My brother is about to get a dog but he does not know what vaccinations are needed for a puppy. I will share this article with him so he is aware of the vaccinations needed in a dog.

August 12, 2019 6:04 am

I would like to know if the 5 in 1 injection for a 1 year old dog include rabies or is the rabies injection separate from the 5 in 1.

No Name
July 31, 2019 10:39 pm

Vaccinations are necessary, period. If you believe you are over-vaccinating your pet, get their blood tested for antibodies for the illness which you would be vaccinating for. If the dog’s titers (antibody measures) are high, no vaccination is necessary right then. Your vet can interpret the findings for you.
Most people, however, do not wish to pay for these tests. It is best to just follow the guidelines that were developed by caring and educated people who understand how illness is transmitted in the canine population.

July 26, 2019 8:13 pm

My dog is 5 yrs and had all her necessary puppy shots then her 1 year booster shots for rabies & parvo /distemper. After those initial shots, most dogs will be protected for life and have antibodies in their blood. Thankfully, where I live, the county accepts yearly titer tests instead of vaccination. i just had a rabies titer done for my dog and if her number was greater than .01, she is protected. Her number is 12! My vet said she is most likely protected for life but I will have her tested yearly. We severely OVER- vaccinate our dogs and it has a negative impact on their health.

October 18, 2019 2:02 pm
Reply to  Laurel

I knew integrative vets were trying to introduce a titer for rabies but didn’t know it was available yet. I would say it’s not widely available. Where do you live?
My dog is due for his rabies and I’m so torn.

Janne Wilson
February 8, 2019 12:57 pm

I have a 4.5 yr old rescue golden. Based on his history, we (vet and I) are assuming he has previously been vaccinated for Rabies and DHPP but we have no records of when so those shots were given. Since I needed proof of Rabies and Distemper in order to get a dog license he was given those shots several weeks ago. We are also assuming he did not get Bordatella, Lyme or Lepto so those were given yesterday but.Vet is only boosting Lyme and Lepto in 3 weeks, not Bordatella. Does all this sound right to you? I hate all these vaccines and I don’t want to overdue it.

Susan C Zitzler
January 8, 2019 10:42 pm

I moved from Illinois for years ago I got all four of my dog shots everything you can think of because I was moving to Mississippi and going to be living in the wooded area.after moving here I never got any more vaccinations for my dogs they all stay in a fenced-in yard and they’re not around any other dogs.do I still need to get all the other shots for them or just the rabies one every three years. Will they be safe without shots at all except for rabies shot.

July 21, 2020 8:40 am

Distemper can float on the wind and be carried for miles….. MANY viruses are airborne.

Mary Jane Janusz
January 3, 2019 1:27 am

I have had multiple dogs threw my life. I highly recommend they get rabies n distempra shots. They are given for the safety of the dog from sickness and well as rabies. Dogs are very curious and could catch rabies from an affected animal. Most states its mandatory. Better to be safe then sorry. All my dogs lived very healthy long lives. We out live them. I love being a dog owner. They know someone’s coming before you. Protect you no matter what size they are. Great for children to love and play with and learn responsibility by feeding,walking and picking up after them. Your dog is a family member and will do anything to make you happy. All they want is to be loved by you unconditionally! Your dog knows you better than you know yourself. Your best friend and companion you will ever have. Loyalty is your dogs best attribute. If you are sick or injured they will not leave your side. Training them is very easy persistence,practice and patients will be a positive out come. Treats are nice but really not necessary. Usually a good petting show them how happy you are are. They are so willing to please you. But you as an owner want your dog protected and want them in your life then please get vaccinations!!! Prevention is the best medicine. Prices very so call around. Better then a sick dog and big medical Bill’s. Sincerely, Mary Janusz
PS. Please protect then regret!!

Kim Soroko
December 17, 2018 4:14 pm

My dog is 4+ years, she has had “itching” problems for quite awhile. She was put on Apoquel, opinions appreciated on the use of Apoquel. She had diarrhea and some vomiting. I’m not 100% sure it was from Apoquel but if I were a betting woman… I canceled her appointment to get the Leptospirosis vaccine. A holistic vet Dr. Deva Khalso VMD wrote an article and does not recommend this vaccination. Again,opinions. How safe and how necessary is this vaccine?

Tiffany Holmes
May 27, 2020 12:36 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

Please research the effects apoquel can have. There is a Facebook group the link between apoquel and cancer. No real hard evidence but many members have terrible stories, not all cancer-related.

Apiffany Gaither Billings
May 27, 2020 10:26 pm
Reply to  Tiffany Holmes

We actually investigated Apoquel and found that while it’s a commonly prescribed medication for allergies, the FDA appears to be actively pursuing the maker Zoetis to update marketing and promotional materials for the product on their website to accurately reflect the risks.

Judy ponerantz
February 14, 2020 3:54 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

My small poodle was very itch and the vet gave some neck one which did not help. I ca started adding fish oil to his food and the itching stopped.

October 18, 2019 2:09 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

I used Apoquel for about 5 months. Then I researched and found there were horrible side effects, including seizures. I immediately stopped and have managed the itchiness with natural means, including coconut oil and omega 3 supplements. Research it yourself!
The Lepto vaccine is not a core vaccine. I would not do.
Good luck!

Bee Cee
July 21, 2019 7:27 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

Leptospira is a killer and spreads quickly. Be safe and it the one besides rabies I would get.

October 24, 2019 7:11 am
Reply to  Bee Cee

Lepto vaccine can harm/kill collie breeds. With anything, do your research.

February 12, 2019 3:14 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

An itching problem could be a sign of nutrition deprivation. I had an elderly neighbor who’s dog I helped care for that had an issue with that. The dog was helped with vitamins and a raw food diet.

September 8, 2019 6:54 pm
Reply to  Donna

It could be allergies. My Boxer was itchy and I found out that he has allergies

chuck harris
March 12, 2019 4:06 pm
Reply to  Donna

I fully support Donna’s advice. A raw diet is the solution for your dog’s itching. Most skin allergies are food-based, and those foods are chock full of preservatives, not to mention salt and sugar, and those nasty carbs, plus the high temperatures that cook the enzymes and amino acids right out of the food. I am a retired pet food manufacturer, and my company turned around the health of thousands of dogs and cats with its all natural raw diets. If you need any advice about raw feeding you can reach me in Florida at, 407-619-2473 or email, chuck6464@gmail.com.

A. Zweigart
September 11, 2019 1:22 am
Reply to  chuck harris

A raw diet is NOT necessarily good for your dog!

December 29, 2018 6:06 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

I give my 11 year old schnauzer Apoquel with no side effects. As far as the yearly vaccinations of DHLPP, I get a titers test and the vaccine is still in him. I use to get the DHLPP which my vet requires every year. My schnauzer is 11 years old with Cushings Disease, Diabetes and Pancreatitis. Studies show pets are being over vaccinated and developing these autoimmune diseases. My current problem now is Iowa does not allow a letter of exempt for the rabies vaccination. The law states I have to do it every 3 years even though my vet thinks that it could be detrimental due to his age and his health condition. There are only 18 states that allow an exempt letter from your vet to forgo the rabies shot. Iowa needs to get on board.

Brenda Fetterman
December 29, 2018 1:26 pm
Reply to  Kim Soroko

Lepto is not required and has a long list of serious side effects.

September 23, 2018 2:10 pm

Thanks for sharing! Definitely, WE DO NEED vaccines! Please keep spreading the truth to eradicate ignorance.

– Richard, dogpawscafe.com owner

Jean Johnson
December 19, 2019 9:22 am
Reply to  Richard

Vaccines ( other than 3 year rabies are unecessary) if you do titre tests it will tell u if your dog has immunity…vaccines can cause a host of other issues for your dog…do some research. If titre testing wasnt available I would feel differently,but I have a 4 and 6 year old dog and neither have had vaccines since they had their puppy shots and first booster and I titre every year and they still have immunity!

Taylor Anderson
August 8, 2018 1:07 pm

My friend just adopted a dog, so she wants to make sure he has the proper vaccinations. I like how you mentioned that a dog should get a rabies shop every 1-3 years. Do you have any tips for choosing a great vet in her area?

August 7, 2018 5:13 pm

Did you notice how the dog immediately stopped when given a treat? How he started up again until he got another treat? Of course not.
Yeah, it’s not normal. That’s why it is funny. You are projecting and not understanding. A little less of the former and more of the latter will be good for everyone.

Charlie hoarse
June 9, 2018 8:32 pm

I’ve had 6 70-85lb rescue dogs with an average life span of 14.5yrs doing 2 puppy vacs spaced out then rabies and dhlpp every 3yrs till 8yrs old then rabies and titre tests which resulted in no further vacation needed for licensing. They all were in busy dog parks, swamps, bogs, rivers, had to constantly sweep up dead ticks etc. And never got a single case of anything worse than pink eye from swimming too early in the spring.
My opinion means little but be careful getting advice from the person making a profit off of over prescribing. If they get angry or use fear tactics its time to find a new vet.

Tiffany Locke
June 6, 2018 9:59 pm

Thanks for explaining the different types of vaccinations and how it’s important to consider local and countrywide laws to know what’s mandatory for dogs in your area. This would be important to keep your pet healthy and to avoid legal troubles. When choosing what animal vaccinations to give them, you’d probably want to talk to your veterinary clinic so that you can discuss what is required as well as what is best to keep your animal healthy.

June 2, 2018 1:58 pm

I just got a 8 month puppy. The owner said that the puppy was given the 9-way vaccine at 6 months and the rabies vaccine at 7 months. He has not recieved any other shots. Do I need to give him anymore vaccines?

Wade Joel
May 24, 2018 1:57 pm

I didn’t consider that dog size matters with vaccinations but makes sense that it is a factor that they may not be strong enough to handle the vaccination. I have been considering getting this for my dog at the vet. Thank you for your helpful advice on vaccinations.

Doris Schaefer
April 16, 2018 8:14 pm

I want to know if this puppy survived??? I can’t believe the owner and the vet just stood there and did not know something was wrong. It was obvious he was trying to reach back where they shot him. It looked like he was going into shock when he laid on the floor. There was also drool on the floor.

April 10, 2018 1:29 pm

Disgusting! For God’s sake, someone help the poor dog. He is obviously having a reaction to the vaccine. What kind of vet is this?

February 21, 2018 9:23 pm

I know I would never trust that vet practice with my animal. I agree the poor dog seemed to be in pain after that vaccination. Wow.

January 31, 2018 3:55 am

Vaccines are one of the biggest frauds ever. NO body – human or animal – needs vaccines. The ALL cause brain inflammation, immune system dysfunction/suppression/confusion and other damages. The healthiest people and animals are those who are never vaccinated and who eat species-appropriate high nutrient foods. For dogs, that’s a pasture-raised raw meat diet with some organic vegetables, bones and fat. Learn the FACTS so you don’t get taken in by the fraud and regret it. Just 1 vaccine can destroy health, normal brain function or kill. It’s happened to the dogs of several people I know. I do not ever vaccinate my dogs and it is also against my religious beliefs. Rabies has been cured naturally by fasting, herbs and IV Vitamin C. Read the books by Juliette de Bairacli Levy. President Trump has signed an executive order that declares no mandatory vaccination if it’s against your religious or conscientious beliefs as of 1-17-18. Thank God!

Irene Erickson
February 5, 2020 11:03 am
Reply to  Beverly

Your information re executive order signed by trump is incorrect. Here is a list of orders signed in 2018.

Kimberly Gorman
January 2, 2020 1:41 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Yes!! Totally agree with you Beverly!!

Bee Cee
July 21, 2019 7:31 pm
Reply to  Beverly

That’s just terrible advice. The heartbreak and guilt you’ll have if your poor defensless dog gets a totally preventable disease will be on you.
Vaccinate your kids and pets.

June 25, 2019 5:00 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Not vaccinating your Dog’s is inviting the spread of disease. It also is dangerous to humans. If your dog bites a child and they weren’t vaccinated that child will have to suffer more by the series of shots it has to receive. I hope you live in a secluded area where no other animals can’t get close to yours. You might as well stamp Typhoid Mary on each dog. And before you start believing the hype of some rabble rousers looking for something to complain about be proactive go out and get your own statistics. You’d be surprised at your own ignorance.

April 3, 2019 9:01 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Good luck with that. It’s too bad that you force your religion onto your animals for, apparently, it dictates that theirs is to suffer and, then, to go too early to that great kennel in the sky.

Susan C Zitzler
January 8, 2019 10:29 pm
Reply to  Beverly

I am sorry that you feel that way and that you don’t want to protect your animals if you don’t want to protect your children that’s really bad too.if your animals get sick or your children get sick it is likely they will make others around them sick too. Really sad that you are so ignorant and if Trump did pass a law like you said it would only be for people

January 24, 2019 4:46 pm

im not trying to argue, but if other people and dogs have their shots, how on earth would they get ill from the one who didnt have the shots?

October 5, 2019 11:12 pm
Reply to  Amy

Some people have medically recognized issues that prevent vaccinations. Those folks rely on ‘herd immunity’ to limit their exposure to viral and bacterial infectious agents. Selfish individuals without medical issues also rely on herd immunity. However, their lack of vaccinations reduce the prevalence of immune individuals in the herd. Generally, herd immunity is achieved when about 90% of the population is immune. Folks that support broad vaccination protocols do this to help build herd immunity for those individuals who cannot take certain vaccinations.

April 28, 2019 10:54 am
Reply to  Amy

Herd immunity helps protect those that cannot be vaccinated. Also, having a live host for some viral infections can allow them to mutate and render the original vaccine ineffective. That’s actually one reason why HIV is hard to make a vaccine for; it mutates too fast.

Evelyn L Fedele
March 12, 2019 1:32 am
Reply to  Amy

Amy you r right if vaccines work then y worry about others who prefer not to get vaccines

Bonnie Richards
August 30, 2019 3:04 pm

Because it is called the herd effect. The more people/animals vaccinated the less chance of spreading diseases. Vaccines only cover about 80% of the population plus puppies that are too young to be vaccinated..so the more that are vaccinated the less likely for disease to spread by those unvaccinated

April 3, 2019 9:07 pm

How unethical to benefit while others take the risks. And, how sad for your animal to get sick because of your ignorance and your ethical lapse. See the stats that were posted on May 13, 2018 1:16 pm by “Rob in New Yawk.”

Mary bacich
June 22, 2018 5:24 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Good job! You can be one of the self-congratulatory ones who keep deadly viruses alive and well for the rest of us.

May 20, 2018 11:11 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Utter nonse. Emotional uneducated ignorance.

Rob in New Yawk
May 13, 2018 1:16 pm
Reply to  Beverly

The adverse side effects for a standard vaccine are 1 out of 500,000 to 1 out of 1,000,000. The death rate for the illnesses that you or your pet can get if you DON’T get vaccinated, is as high as 1 out of 3 or 99.99%, in the case of, say, Rabies.

February 12, 2018 3:51 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Obviously you’ve never nursed a litter of puppies with Parvo. Your misguided and ignorant beliefs are what cause outbreaks of previously controlled diseases. God created us with an inquisitive brain, capable of learning and conquering disease. Trump won’t drop regulations on immunizations. He won’t want to piss off big Pharma!

May 20, 2018 11:12 pm
Reply to  DebiJo


February 8, 2018 1:48 pm
Reply to  Beverly

Thanks so much for the truth. Everyone who owns a pet should first start with this knowledge. Life is so much better for both owner and pet.