This content was reviewed by veterinarian Dr. Elizabeth Racine, DVM.
To keep the lights on, we receive affiliate commissions via some of our links. Our review process.
If you’re like four out of five adults in the U.S. who take vitamins or supplements, you may wonder if they’re a good idea for your furry family member as well. Do dogs actually need to supplement their diets with vitamins and other nutrients? Which vitamins do dogs need? Are you sure your dog is getting all of the necessary nutrients from his diet? We’ll help answer these questions and more to help you understand your dog’s dietary needs.
|For Any Age||For Puppies||For Seniors|
|Read Review||Read Review||Read Review|
|Visit Website||View on Amazon||View on Amazon|
If your commercial dog food says it’s complete and balanced and meets the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) guidelines, then your dog should be getting all the vitamins, minerals, and nutrients he needs from his food. This means you do not need a dog multivitamin unless your vet has recommended one.
Be sure to check the labels and ingredients on your dog food to ensure it’s complete and balanced. And to ensure he’s getting the appropriate levels for his age, always give your dog commercial dog food that’s life-stage suitable — puppy, adult, or senior. He shouldn’t need any nutrient dog supplements unless your veterinarian recommends them.
However, if your dog is eating mainly homemade dog food or a vegan diet, he may not be getting everything he needs. You should consult with your veterinarian to develop a plan to supplement your dog’s homemade food diet. Your vet may recommend adding certain foods to your recipes or using a dog multivitamin supplement.
Never give your dog human vitamin supplements. Dogs have very different nutritional needs than humans, and too much of certain vitamins can make dogs very ill. Suppose you’re considering giving your dog species-specific vitamins. In that case, it’s essential to contact your veterinarian to ensure your dog gets everything he needs without overdoing certain vitamins that he may already be getting in his diet.
Here are some top-rated multivitamins for puppies, adults, and senior dogs specially formulated for dogs. Be sure to read the label to determine the correct dosage amount for your pet (varies by size and weight).
For Any Age: Zesty Paws Multivitamin Bites
Zesty Paws Multivitamin Bites contain 20 vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that support the skin, coat, joints, heart, digestion, and immune response in dogs of all ages and sizes. They’re free of grains, corn, and soy and have no artificial flavoring or preservatives, and are made in the USA.
They’re also certified by the National Animal Supplement Council (NASC) for safe manufacturing practices. The NASC is a non-profit trade organization that’s committed to setting quality standards for pet supplements, which aren’t regulated by the FDA. These soft chews come in chicken and peanut butter flavors.
Price: Starting at(90 ct.)
For Any Age: PetHonesty 10-For-1 Multivitamin
PetHonesty’s multivitamin packs in 10 benefits into one tasty chicken-flavored bite, including help with mobility, digestion, skin health, energy, and more. Like Zesty Paws’ vitamins, they are free from additives like wheat, corn, soy, dairy, harmful chemicals, preservatives, or artificial flavoring. Made in the USA in a Good Manufacturing Practices-certified and FDA-approved facility with NASC certification, you can trust that you’re giving your pup only the best with this daily supplement. They have a money-back guarantee and subscription option to save 20% on recurring purchases.
Price: $26.99 (90 ct.)
For Any Age: Rockwell Pets Pro Natural Dog Vitamins
Rockwell Pets Pro Natural Dog Vitamins is unique from other vitamins. This liquid form of this supplement makes it easy to top your dog’s food with a boost of nutrients and flavor. The beef-flavored, all-natural product supports allergies, better digestion, physical and mental endurance, fights disease, boosts energy, and more. Made in a Good Manufacturing Practices certified factory in the USA, they have a 100% satisfaction guarantee and a subscription to save 20% on recurring purchases. Read the label for the dosage guide (based on weight). Refrigerate after opening.
Price: $41 (32 oz)
Our Personal Experience
We had the opportunity to try out Rockwell Pets Pro in exchange for an honest review. The vitamin is in a liquid format which is easier to give our dog than chews since we can mix it with his food. Our 11-month-old puppy is using this product along with their probiotics sprinkled on top. The product is an orange color and relatively odorless. Georgie gobbles it up and has shown growth in size and weight with use (he was relatively lean before). Due to his small size, he doesn’t require a large dose. So, the bottle should last us a good 3-4 months, providing a great value.Sadie C., Canine Journal
For Puppies: NaturVet VitaPet Puppy Daily Vitamins
These high-quality VitaPet soft chews are vet-formulated specifically for the needs of growing and active puppies. They contain a full spectrum of essential vitamins and minerals, as well as amino and fatty acids. They’re wheat-free and also have a bonus breath aid to help freshen your pup’s breath. They also have NASC certification and are made in the USA.
For Senior Dogs: VetriScience Laboratories Canine Plus Senior Multivitamin
These VetriScience vitamins are vet-formulated for senior dogs to support heart, liver, brain, and eye function and promote physical and mental well-being that can be challenging for older dogs to maintain. These vegetable-flavored chews contain A, D3, E, B1, B2, B6, B12, and C vitamins, antioxidants, amino acids, and omega fish oil. This company is women-owned, and all its products are developed by vets, made in the USA, and are NASC-certified.
If your pet has specific issues, some supplements can help target that area or problem.
If your dog suffers from joint or hip issues, these Dasuquin chews could help strengthen his joints and ease aches and pains. A top vet-recommended product, Dasuquin is a proprietary blend of ingredients that helps inhibit cartilage breakdown, improve cartilage production, and reduce inflammation and pain.
They contain glucosamine, chondroitin, methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU), and other key ingredients that help maintain hip and joint health. Many dog owners say they see a big difference when they give their pups these chews regularly. See more joint supplements for dogs.
Price: Starting at(84 ct.)
Joint Health: Ollie Zoomies
Ollie, the popular all-natural food subscription service, now offers supplements as an optional add-on to give your dog further the nutrients they need. Their Zoomies are formulated with Glucosamine HCl (from shellfish), Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), Vitamin C, Chondroitin Sulfate (porcine), Vitamin E, Kelp Powder, and Turmeric (Organic). These all-natural ingredients help support the health of your dog’s hips and joints. Made in the U.S. in cGMP-certified facilities using a cold extrusion process to preserve the potency of every active ingredient.
Price: $22 for 60 chews (with food subscription plan)
Does your dog suffer from skin, seasonal or environmental allergies? These grain-free soft chews contain salmon oil, rich in omega-3 fatty acids for healthy skin, and colostrum, which helps boost immune health and improve inflammation. They also include a five-strain probiotic for stronger gut health, which has been shown to promote a healthy immune response to allergens. They’re NASC-certified and made in the USA.
Price: Starting at(90 ct.)
Dog Allergy Testing
Consider doing an at-home dog allergy test if you suspect your dog may have intolerances to food or environmental substances. By analyzing a simple saliva or hair sample, these kits can be an affordable start to identifying what’s causing your pup skin or digestive problems. Then you can consult your vet for further diagnostics and a treatment plan.
Giving your dog a daily probiotic can help regulate his digestive system, especially if he has problems with diarrhea, an upset stomach, or constipation. Nusentia Probiotic Miracle contains six probiotic strains to help with these issues and more, including yeast overgrowth, bad breath, itching, and scratching. Manufactured in the USA at an FDA-approved facility, it contains no animal products, fillers, flavorings rice, gluten, or dairy. See our reviews of the best probiotics for dogs.
Price: Starting at(120 scoops)
If your dog is suffering from age or illness-related vision problems, you may want to consider the Ocu-GLO liquid gelcaps. Board-certified veterinary ophthalmologists formulated them with essential vitamins, minerals, grape seed extract, omega-3 fatty acids, and lutein for optimal eye support. The lecithin and soybean oil are non-GMO, and they’re also NASC-certified and made in the USA.
Price: Starting at(45 ct.)
Revival Animal Health Breeder’s Edge Oxy Mate prenatal vitamins are fortified vitamins, minerals, and elevated levels of iron, folic acid, and zinc to provide pregnant dogs and their developing embryos with the optimal nutrients for healthy growth. Made in the USA, it’s suitable for both dogs and cats.
Price: Starting at(60 ct.)
Here’s a quick rundown of the essential vitamins all dogs need as well as a refresher for you about which foods contain these vitamins. Keep in mind that this is not an all-inclusive list of all the nutrients dogs need; it’s just the basics.
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that’s important for dogs for normal vision, the immune system, growth, fetal development, and proper organ function. Foods rich in vitamin A that are safe for dogs include carrots, eggs, fish oil, liver (in minimal amounts), pumpkin, spinach, sweet potatoes, and turnip greens.
B vitamins are vital for maintaining good dog health and directly impact brain function, energy levels, and cell metabolism. Vitamin B complex helps prevent infections and helps support and promote cell health. Foods rich in vitamin B that are safe for dogs include whole grains, beans, some kinds of nuts,* leafy green vegetables, beef, pork, and liver, and dairy products in tiny amounts.
All parts of a dog’s body tissue require vitamin C for growth and repair. It’s also necessary for many body functions, including the immune system, wound healing, the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth, and iron absorption. Foods rich in vitamin C that are safe for dogs include certain fruits,* some vegetables,* and organ meats.
Vitamin D helps your dog’s body regulate minerals like calcium and phosphate. These nutrients are needed to keep bones, teeth, and muscles healthy. Foods rich in vitamin D that are safe for dogs include fatty fish, marine fish oil, egg yolks, beef, and liver and dairy products in very small amounts.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for cell function and fat metabolism. If your dog doesn’t get enough vitamin E, he could develop muscle and eye degeneration and reproductive problems. Foods rich in vitamin E that are safe for dogs include leafy green vegetables, some seeds,* wheat germ, whole grains, salmon, and trout.
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that’s vital for normal blood clotting. Foods rich in vitamin K that are safe for dogs include leafy green vegetables, green beans, beef liver, chicken, and pork.
*Some foods aren’t safe to feed your dog. See which foods are and aren’t safe for dogs.
This brief video from a certified dog nutritionist does a fantastic job explaining why your dog very likely may need a dog multivitamin and nutrient supplements if he’s on a homemade dog food diet.
Are you concerned about the quality of your commercial kibble? Or are you worried that your homemade dog food is nutrient deficient? If so, a great option could be to introduce fresh dog food to your pup’s diet. These services not only deliver human-grade dog food right to your door, but many also tailor your dog’s food for age, weight, health concerns, and other factors. See our reviews of the best dog food delivery services to find some excellent options.Tagged With: Comparison, Reviewed By Dr. Racine, DVM, Supplements