28 Foods Not To Feed Your Dog (And A List Of Those You Can)

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Dog Eating in FridgeStop feeding your dog food without knowing how it could affect them. Know which foods are lethal to your dog beforehand, so you can keep them safe.

Article Overview

Human Food Is Not Always Dog-Friendly

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Foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption, as well as other animals, may be toxic and even poisonous to your dog, posing a serious threat to their health and well-being. Why? Because all animals have very different rates of metabolism. Metabolism is the process of breaking down food and turning it into energy. 

Please note that while we’re attempting to add every food we can find that is potentially unsafe for dogs, there are certain foods that we may miss, so don’t consider a food safe to feed to our dog just because it’s not on this list of foods bad for dogs.

Do your research if you are uncertain and let us know by adding a comment below with your new information so that we can keep this list of food bad for dogs updated. If you are worried about something your pet consumed, please call your vet promptly.

List Of Foods Not To Feed Your Dog

Here’s an alphabetized list of foods that are unsafe and unfit for canine consumption, many of which are toxic to dogs. Be sure to look below this list for a helpful and shareable infographic to print out and keep on your fridge so you know what things dogs can’t eat.

  1. Alcohol
  2. Apple Seeds
  3. Avocado
  4. Candy, Chewing Gum, Toothpaste & Mouthwash
  5. Cat Food
  6. Chocolate
  7. Coffee, Tea & Other Caffeine
  8. Cooked Bones
  9. Corn On The Cob
  10. Fat Trimmings
  11. Garlic
  12. Grapes & Raisins
  13. Hops
  14. Human Vitamins
  15. Liver
  16. Macadamia Nuts
  17. Marijuana
  18. Milk & Dairy Products
  19. Onions & Chives
  20. Peppers
  21. Persimmon, Peaches & Plum Pits
  22. Raw Meat & Fish
  23. Rhubarb & Tomato Leaves
  24. Salt
  25. Sugar
  26. Tobacco
  27. Xylitol
  28. Yeast


Do not give your dog alcohol on purpose. Alcohol can cause not only intoxication, lack of coordination, weak breathing and abnormal acidity but potentially even coma or death.5 Find out what dogs can drink safely.

Apple Seeds

The casing of apple seeds is toxic to a dog as they contain a natural chemical (amygdlin) that releases cyanide when digested. This is really only an issue if a large amount is eaten and the seed is chewed up by the dog, causing it to enter its bloodstream. To play it safe, be sure to core and seed apples before you feed them to your dog.2


Avocados contain persin, which can cause diarrhea, vomiting and heart congestion. The most dangerous part of an avocado is the pit because it is a choking hazard and it is full of persin. If you think your dog has ingested an avocado pit, call your vet asap. If your dog ate a small piece of avocado, it will probably be okay, but make sure you monitor your dog and call your vet for further care.5

Candy, Chewing Gum, Toothpaste & Mouthwash

Not only does candy contain sugar, but it often contains xylitol, which can lead to vomiting, loss of coordination, seizures and liver failure.1

Cat Food

Cat food contains proteins and fats that target the diet of a cat, not a dog. The protein and fat levels in cat food are too high for your dog, and not healthy. Ingesting too much cat food can result in upset stomach, obesity and pancreatitis.3


Chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine, which speed the heart rate and stimulate the nervous system. Depending on the type of chocolate, amount your dog ingested and your dog’s weight will determine how sick (or not sick) your dog may become.

Ingesting too much theobromine and caffeine in chocolate may result in vomiting, diarrhea, restlessness, increased urination, tremors, elevated heart rate, seizures and death.3 Below is a list of most dangerous to least dangerous chocolate to dogs:

  • Cocoa powder
  • Unsweetened baker’s chocolate
  • Semisweet chocolate
  • Dark chocolate
  • Milk chocolate
  • White chocolate

Coffee, Tea & Other Caffeine

Caffeine is extremely dangerous to dogs, and within 1-2 hours, your dog could be experiencing mild to severe hyperactivity, restlessness, vomiting, elevated heart rate and blood pressure, tremors, seizures and death.4

Cooked Bones

When it comes to bones, the danger is that cooked bones can easily splinter when chewed by your dog. Raw (uncooked) bones, however, are appropriate and suitable for both your dog’s nutrition and teeth.

Corn On The Cob

While small amounts of corn are safe for a dog to ingest, giving your dog an ear of corn can be dangerous. If your dog is determined enough (which let’s face it, most dogs are) they will eat the cob and all. The cob can be a choking hazard and can cause intestinal blockage. This could be fatal to your dog.3

Fat Trimmings

Cooked and uncooked fat trimmings can cause pancreatitis.5


While garlic can be okay for dogs in tiny amounts (and even beneficial for flea treatment), more significant amounts can be risky. Garlic is related to onions which are toxic for dogs because it kills dog’s red blood cell count, causing anemia. Signs may include weakness, vomiting and troubles breathing.5

Grapes & Raisins

Grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure for dogs. Even a small amount can make a dog ill. Vomiting is an early symptom followed by depression and low energy. We’ve heard stories of dogs dying from only a handful of grapes, so do not feed your pup this potentially toxic food.5


An ingredient in beer that can be toxic to your dog. The consumption of hops by your dog can cause vomiting, panting, increased heart rate, fever and even death.4

Human Vitamins

It isn’t recommended to give your dog one of your vitamins or supplements. Human vitamins often contain 100% of the recommended daily amount of various minerals. This could cause a mineral overdose for your dog.

The most dangerous vitamin is prenatal vitamins, which have a higher dose of iron and can cause iron toxicity in pets. If your dog ingests a bunch of prenatal vitamins (or other vitamins with a high dosage of iron), you should call your vet immediately. 1


In small amounts, liver can be okay but avoid feeding too much to your dog. Liver contains quite a bit of vitamin A, which can adversely affect your pup’s muscles and bones.2

Macadamia Nuts

Ingesting even small amounts of macadamia nuts can be lethal to your dog. Symptoms include muscle shakes, vomiting, increased temperature and weak back legs. If your dog ingested chocolate with the macadamia nuts, the symptoms can be worse.5


The level of poison depends on how much exposure your dog has. There isn’t much information out about dogs and marijuana, but from what we can find, these are the common symptoms: slow response times, dribbling urine, heart rate change, neurological stimulation, hyperactivity, coma and even death.4 Read more about Dogs and Marijuana.

Milk & Dairy Products

While small doses aren’t going to kill your dog, you could get some smelly farts and some nasty cases of diarrhea. Milk and dairy products can cause digestive problems as well as trigger food allergies.5

Onions & Chives

No matter what form they’re in (dry, raw, cooked, powder, within other foods), onions are some of the absolute worst foods you could give your pup. They contain disulfides and sulfoxides (thiosulphate), both of which can cause anemia and damage red blood cells.5


Bell Peppers are okay to feed dogs. Dogs are carnivores and prefer meat to vegetables, but there are some benefits to veggies. For example, green peppers are a low-calorie snack, packed with vitamin C and beta-carotene. Be sure to chop peppers into small pieces because the outer skin can be tough and difficult to chew. Pureeing or steaming the peppers makes them easier to consume and digest. As with most human food, don’t overdo it because too much could lead to sickness. It might go without saying, but never give your dog a spicy variety such as jalapeños or hot peppers!

Persimmon, Peach & Plum Pits

Pits/seeds from these fruits can cause intestinal issues in dogs. Additionally, peach and plum pits have cyanide, which is poisonous to dogs (and people!).5

Raw Meat & Fish

Raw meat and fish can be contaminated with bacteria which causes food poisoning. Additionally, some fish can contain a parasite that causes “fish disease” or “salmon poisoning disease (SPD).” Symptoms include vomiting, fever and enlarged lymph nodes. Cooked fish is perfectly fine since the cooking process kills the parasites but be sure to remove all bones to avoid choking or internal organ risks.5

Raw meat can be safe to feed dogs, but only if you know it’s uncontaminated and safe for consumption. In fact, raw diets for dogs are increasing in popularity.

Rhubarb & Tomato Leaves

These contain oxalates, which can cause, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, tremors and bloody urine.4


Just like salt isn’t the healthiest thing for humans, it’s even less healthy for dogs. Too much of it can lead to sodium ion poisoning, which may result in vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, increased temperature, seizures and even death.5


This applies to any food containing sugar. Make sure you check the ingredient label for human foods – corn syrup (which is a less expensive form of sugar or glucose) is found in just about everything these days. Too much sugar for your pup can lead to dental issues, obesity and even diabetes.5


Tobacco contains nicotine, which can be lethal to dogs. Symptoms include vomiting, abnormal heart rate, tremors and weakness. Tobacco poisoning can present itself within 1 hour of ingestion.4


Sugar alcohol found in gum, candies, baked goods and other sugar-substituted items, xylitol, while causing no apparent harm to humans, is extremely toxic to dogs. Even small amounts can cause low blood sugar, seizures, liver failure and even death for your pup.5


Just like yeast rises in bread, it will also expand and rise within your pup’s tummy. Make sure they don’t get any. While mild cases will cause gas, lots of farting and discomfort — too much of it could rupture their stomach and intestines. Yeast dough is also dangerous because as it ferments and rises it makes alcohol which can lead to alcohol poisoning.5

Infographic: The Menu Your Dog Shouldn’t Order

Here’s a “menu” of things your dog should never eat.

Foods That Are Toxic For Dogs

To share this infographic on your site, simply copy and paste the code below:

Keep These Foods Out Of Your Dog’s Reach As Well

While these don’t fall in a particular category above, you’ll want to avoid them as well.

Old Food

You don’t like old and moldy food, so what makes you think your dog will? The bacteria in spoiled food contains all sorts of toxins that can be damaging to your dog’s health. Feed them the freshest and best, dog-approved food only!


If you feed your dog leftovers regularly, they won’t get a proper diet. If you do give them table scraps, make sure to take out any bones and trim down the fat.

Human Snacks

Chips can contain garlic and onion powder and cookies may contain raisins, chocolate or macadamia nuts, etc. Bottom line — there’s a reason there’s food and treats made especially for dogs.

Keep Your Dog On A Healthy Diet

Choosing to raise a dog is a big responsibility. Just as with a child, you’ve welcomed another living being into your household and family. We probably don’t have to tell you to take care of your dog, but what people often don’t realize is that as similar as the two can be, they also have very different needs when it comes to food.

Ask your veterinarian what kind of food might be best for your particular dog breed as well as age and any special needs. That way you know what dogs can’t eat and you’re less likely to have any issues.

Safe Human Foods For Dogs

While many human foods are safe to feed your dog, many are unsafe and potentially poisonous for your dog. As a general rule of thumb, it is far better to be safe than sorry, so avoid feeding your dog any human food unless recommended by your vet.

Dogs that are denied human food or table scraps are generally better behaved than dogs who do receive people food. These dogs do not beg because they know they won’t collect any scraps. They also tend to drool less and bother visitors less frequently because they understand that human food is for humans and not for them.

However, some are safe. Below is a list of human foods that are safe for dogs to eat in moderation.

Lean Meat

Lean meat includes meat without bones that have had excessive fat removed. If feeding chicken and turkey, the fatty skin should be removed. Lean meat includes the white meat from chicken or turkey and provides a tasty treat for your dog as well as a good source of protein.1


Salmonella and biotin deficiency are two things to be cautious of when feeding your dog raw eggs. Most vets will recommend giving your dog a cooked egg over a raw egg. Eggs are an excellent source of protein and have a host of vitamins for your pup. Don’t worry about cooking the egg in butter, oil, salt, pepper or other additives, your dog doesn’t need those things, and they can be harmful to them as well.3


Not including the fruits listed above, dogs can safely enjoy:

  • bananas
  • apple slices
  • strawberries
  • blueberries
  • watermelon
  • cantaloupe
  • cranberries
  • mangoes
  • oranges
  • peaches
  • pears
  • pineapples
  • raspberries

The seeds should be removed from these fruits or in the case of watermelon it should be a seedless melon as most fruit seeds contain a trace amount of arsenic which is poisonous (it’s a small amount but why risk it?).3


The vegetables below are safe for dogs to ingest:

  • broccoli
  • brussels sprouts
  • carrots
  • celery
  • cucumber
  • green beans
  • peas
  • potatoes (only if cooked)
  • spinach
  • sweet potatoes

Vegetables make great low-calorie snacks and useful training tools. In fact, you can give your dog slices of carrots as a treat and a healthier alternative to other training treats. Stay away from canned and pickled vegetables as they contain too much salt.3

White Rice

Cooked white rice is a common recommendation for a dog with an upset stomach. Generally boiled white chicken and white rice are used to help firm up stools as well as nourish a dog that is having trouble getting any nutrition from food as a result of illness.5

Human-Grade, Fresh Dog Food

While not exactly human food, there are fresh dog foods available for delivery to your doorstep that are made from human-grade ingredients. Our favorite is Petplate, if you want to check out our firsthand review to learn more.

Visit Pet Plate’s Website

Is CBD Safe For Dogs?

CBD has been stated to naturally treat anxiety, pain, seizures, skin conditions, neurological disorders and more. But is it effective and safe for dogs?

From the limited research performed so far, it seems to be okay for dogs, in most cases. However, be sure to choose a high-quality product from a reputable dealer. Many companies are joining the CBD hype, so the best price may not be the safest for your pup. Do your research before you get started.

Also, your vet understands your dog’s unique needs better than you or the company selling the products, so be sure to check with them before administering.

Learn more about the benefits of CBD oil for dogs

When In Doubt, Ask A Vet

If your dog is acting strangely or experiencing minor symptoms of weakness, lack of coordination, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. and you think they may have consumed something they shouldn’t have, seek a veterinarian’s attention immediately. If you wait too long, your dog might not make it.

What If You Cannot Reach Your Veterinarian?

In an emergency, when you cannot reach your veterinarian, immediately contact your local animal emergency clinic or call the animal poison hotline at 888-232-8870. You can also try the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 888-426-4435.

Depending on the nature of the item ingested, the animal poison hotline or your veterinarian may induce vomiting to regurgitate it. If the item is likely to cause further damage to your dog on the way back up, they will not induce vomiting. In this case, other methods of helping your dog will be discussed, such as having your dog ingest something to bind with the offending food and neutralize it. Another option might be to perform surgery and remove it.

Be Proactive: Save Yourself From Expensive Vet Bills

If your dog eats something and gets sick, the vet bill can be tough for pet parents to stomach. Take the proactive step and consider pet insurance. That way if an unsuspecting treat becomes a medical emergency, your dog (and your wallet) will be better off. Check out this video explaining what pet insurance is and why it’s worth it.

See something we missed? Does your pup have a favorite food you’d like to learn more about?

Sources: [1] PetMD, [2] Vetinfo, [3] AKC, [4] Pet Poison Helpline, [5] Pets WebMD

Disclaimer: Information published on this website is intended for reference use only. The only clear option for ensuring your pet’s health is to feed commercial-grade dog foods and treats only. Feeding human foods of any sort carries some degree of risk and is not under the control of this website.

About The Author:

Michelle holds an MBA from Vanderbilt University and has worked in marketing at Bank of America, Mattel and Hanes. She is the proud co-founder of Canine Journal and a dog lover through and through. Since the day she was born, she has lived in a home full of dogs. Her adult home is no exception where she and her husband live with Bella and Lily, their two adorable rescue pups. In addition to her love for snuggling with dogs, she also has enjoyed working professionally in the canine field since 1999 when she started her first dog-related job at a dog bakery.

Disclaimer: The information provided through this website should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.

Disclaimer: This website contains reviews, opinions and information regarding products and services manufactured or provided by third parties. We are not responsible in any way for such products and services, and nothing contained here should be construed as a guarantee of the functionality, utility, safety or reliability of any product or services reviewed or discussed. Please follow the directions provided by the manufacturer or service provider when using any product or service reviewed or discussed on this website.

Leave a Reply

newest oldest most voted
Hello, i give my 3 almost 4 years old dog cheese. Like sometimes a whole stick. And she doesn’t have any problems. Should i stop giving her that much cheese. Thanks
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Dairy can have negative effects on a dog depending on the amount given. I’d probably try to find an alternative treat for your dog to enjoy.
Can Dogs Have Ketchup Or Any Other Sauces?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Each sauce is going to vary based on its ingredients. Ketchup could contain onions and garlic, which is harmful for dogs. Additionally, if it is sugar-free, it could contain xylitol, which is very toxic to dogs and should never be given to dogs. I wouldn’t recommend topping your dog’s meal or treat with a pile of ketchup.

As always, it’s best to check with your vet.

Dogs are not carnivores, hence why they can’t eat cat food. BOOM!
my dog at lots of things on that don’t let dogs eat list and nothing happened why?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Some dogs can tolerate certain foods better than others. Additionally, it could depend on the amount of the food the dog ate. For example, if a Great Dane and a Yorkie had the same size piece of dark chocolate, you may not notice symptoms in the Great Dane since it is so much larger than the Yorkie, but the Yorkie may experience complications.

My in-law’s Labrador Retriever is known for eating grapes out of the garden. They try their best to keep her out of there but she’s sneaky. Fortunately, she hasn’t had any issues even though grapes are known as being dangerous for dogs.

This list is purely meant to warn you that you should try to avoid feeding your dogs these foods because you may not like the reactions they have to them.

With kidney disease or kidney failure for about th
Kobe hasBeen diagnosedWith kidney disease or kidney failure for about the last year now she is skin and bones his loss pound and a half he only weighs 4 pounds she’s a Yorky and she’s very finicky and picky about eating and we’ve been trying many things but she throws up after each meal so we’re wondering is it the kidney disease or is it something else to look at thanks for your help
I gave a dog a little sugar. Although they seemed fine, should i be worried?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I’m unsure what you mean by a little, but if the dog seems ok and it was truly only a little (less than a teaspoon maybe?) then I wouldn’t worry too much about it. However, I wouldn’t give your dog sugar again since there is no nutritional value for them and it can cause health issues. If your dog seems agitated or acting different, I would recommend calling your vet.
My dog ate some corn (not on the cob). Is that allowed?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
It is generally safe for a dog to have small amounts of corn.
Aren’t dogs are omnivores not carnivores. Cats are true carnivores, and that’s one reason why you should not give a dog cat food, the formulation isn’t healthy for a dog. Right?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Dogs shouldn’t eat cat food because the protein and fat levels in are too high for your dog and not healthy. Ingesting too much cat food can result in upset stomach, obesity and pancreatitis.
Stephen Oxley
Sorry to be pedantic, Michelle, but I wanted to be absolutely certain. I noticed it says above that it is safe to feed oranges, but what about mandarins and clementines and the other smaller orange-type fruits? Are they safe?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
While oranges, mandarins and clementines are not considered toxic to dogs, they are high in sugars and could cause GI upset if your dog eats too much of them.
peotr peutsspraiyr
dear mchelle
hello my name is Stein Kee Peutsspraiyr and i recently gave my dog a vasectomy. how does this affect the food that is hould give it. does lacking a ability to get pregnant others dogs shape the dietary constrictions i should instrict on it?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
We aren’t aware of any dietary restrictions for dogs who have had recent vasectomies. But if you want to be completely confident in what you’re feeding your dog, you can ask the vet who performed the vasectomy.
Jerid azar
My dog craves spices, I put tumeric, all spice and garlic in rice, chicken and lentils. That’s what we eat almost every night.
My puppy (40 lbs) just ate 7 muffins (out of a dozen) in about a minute, made with blueberries, lemon zest, erythitol, stevia, 4 drops of lemon oil (food grade), eggs, baking powder, and a flour made out of almond flour, protein powder and oat fiber. He seems fine and none of the ingredients seem to be a problem except for the lemon oil.
Janet Brown
Is the breast meat better than the leg and thigh? Does it make a difference?
Eat my toes
My dog ate my cats and my right foot what do I do
Now he’s pooping popcorn all over the house
My dog ate a refrigerator then pooped out a whole apple
My dog ate a small piece of acorn squash. Is squash bad for dogs?! She looks fine but I’m not sure squash is safe for her to eat. What should I do?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Through our research, squash is safe for dogs. But if you are concerned, we suggest checking with your vet. Each dog is different and can respond to foods in various ways.
i don’t know im not a doctor
Hello Kimberly. Can you advise if its safe to feed my cairn terrior sliced, processed meat. The type of meat you buy in vacumm sealed packs to use in sandwiches. We give him the odd slice or two as a treat and have done so since he was a pup. He is now 11 and the vet has just discovered a possible kidney issue.
Any issues we should be concerned with?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Have you asked your vet about the processed meat? I’m assuming you’re referring to lunch meat or deli meat. Most deli meat isn’t good for humans to eat, so giving it to your dog probably isn’t the best either. However, with your dog being 11 years old, he is considered a senior dog. I’m sorry if this sounds harsh or morbid, but if your dog isn’t expected to live much longer, it may be ok to continue giving your dog the slice of meat here and there as a treat. Ultimately, your vet is going to know best. I’d suggest give them a call and asking if you should stop feeding it to your dog. Hope his kidney issue resolves quickly!
I can’t do anything to help a dog cause I am too young to have a credit card. 🙁
And I don’t know what to do to help!
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
You don’t need a credit card to help a dog. Perhaps you are old enough to volunteer at a shelter close to home? Or maybe you could offer to walk a neighbor’s dog for them if they are unable to do it themself? If you are interested in helping dogs, consider speaking with your parents/guardians about how you can help. I’m sure they’d be so proud of you for wanting to help out!
Cbd for dogs???
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
You can learn more about the benefits of CBD oil for dogs here. Let me know if you have any questions!
Dogs can eat raw fish and meaty bones and plain yogurt and liver.
I wish I had bought pet insurance for both my animals but they’re both 19 no!! Gray striped stray and a 3 1/2jb blonde chihuahua!! So no pet insurance for me but people with puppies and kittens should buy it so you don’t freak out when your dachshund can’t walk or stand and needs $6,000.00 back surgery you then have to put it on Care Credit!!!! I found the article interesting and very helpful!! I’m trying to beef up both my very thin and very old animals!!

And I’m also grateful for the additions people left!!! I’m doing well so far so I’d really like to NOT kill my 2 animals!! ❤️✌

You did not include lettuce in your list of foods to not give dogs. Their system cannot digest it.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
According to the AKC, dogs can eat lettuce.
Lola P.
I noticed that peaches is listed in the infographic as a food that is “especially bad for dogs”, however, it is also listed a fruit that dogs can “safely enjoy”. Are there certain situations where this varies?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
The pit is what is dangerous for dogs. As long as you remove the pit, peaches can be safely eaten in moderation by most dogs.
megan gonzalez
The pit is poisonous to dogs and humans….the flesh is not
Avery Walters
Seems as if the “bad” peach is refering to peach pits. They aren’t educated very well in their writing skills.
Stacey parker
I feed my dogs 2 tablespoons of greek yogurt and peanutbutter when they take benadril so that is bad???
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Small amounts of dairy isn’t going to kill most dogs. If your dog has been handling the greek yogurt well, I wouldn’t be too concerned about it, but perhaps you could mention it at your dog’s next check up with the vet. If you notice your dog is having digestive problems or acting abnormal after eating dairy, we’d recommend you stop giving it to them.
Will spoiled soymilk hurt my 4 yr old pomchi? I accidently gave her a little bit of soymilk and I didn’t realize it was bad til after I poured maybe like half a cup in her food. Please let me know if it’s gonna hurt her.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
We suggest asking your vet or trying out this online vet service to see if it will hurt your dog.
Diana Figueroa
What’s the best dog food brand dry and wet
I feed my dogs about a tablespoon of yogurt or cottage cheese with breakfast. They like it and don’t see any ill effects. Is this not a good idea?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
While small doses aren’t going to kill your dog, you could get some smelly farts and some nasty cases of diarrhea. Milk and dairy products can cause digestive problems as well as trigger food allergies.
Milk is obviously not great for dogs, but live cultured yoghurt (eg. Greek yoghurt) is great for dogs and contains lots of probiotics that are great for their gut health!
Vicky Pittsley
Pumpkin? Raw and cooked. Did I miss it?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Through our research, pumpkin is safe for dogs. But if you are concerned, we suggest not giving it or check with your vet ahead of time. Each dog is different and can respond to foods in various ways.
A recent study showed that yellow / orange vegetables can help to lower the risk of some cancers. Pumpkin for the win!
Jana J Ward
I asked my bet if baby food was ok because my puppy didn’t have teeth. Now I read that they can’t. What’s the real story?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
What did you vet say? I would listen to them over what you read on the internet.
Theresa gatchalian
Is salmon bad for dogs?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Boneless, cooked salmon is safe for dogs and a good source of omega 3 fatty acids. It helps keep your dog’s coat shiny and healthy. Salmon commonly has many small bones which could be a choke hazard or get stuck in the stomach or intestines.
Never feed raw salmon!
Do not ever give your dog raw or undercooked salmon. It can contain the Neorickettsia helminthoeca parasite, which causes salmon poisoning disease. This disease can be fatal. In addition ,raw salmon contains lots of small bones, which are brittle and can choke your dog or lodge in his stomach or intestines.
There is a contradiction by you here. In the article above fish & salmon is on the Never give to your dog list. Here you say Salmon is ok.

On the contrary, I know it is alright to give most COOKED fish to your dog and cat. COOKED & DEBONED.

Do not ever give your dog raw or undercooked salmon. It can contain the Neorickettsia helminthoeca parasite, which causes salmon poisoning disease. This disease can be fatal. In addition raw salmon contains lots of small bones, which are brittle and can choke your dog or lodge in his stomach or intestines.

Kimberly Alt (Admin)
There is not a contradiction. Please reread my comment and the article. It says cooked salmon is safe for most dogs, however, raw meat and fish (aka raw salmon) should not be given to dogs.
Some of these people are quick to talk about so called contradictions or poor writing skills, seems to me those people have horrible reading comprehension.
Thanks for being here!
Okay, my coton de tulear is very well spoiled. She has been eating 1/3 cup of roasted chicken thigh quarter every morning since she came home, 4 1/2 years. It’s our time together with food and excellent behavior, bonding.
I have a set of girlfriends who have 6 dogs of varied sizes. One of the things we have in common is that we cook for our dogs. As my dog only gets the clean meat I pull from the bones (roasted without any spices); I’ve been contributing the grease, skin, fatty and cartilage bits in a gravy or rice to augment the 6 dogs’ kibble (and give the girls a night off of cooking for them). My coton only gets what is nice for me to re-handle and the remaining all amounts to less than 4 cups when cut up, with the drippings, about once a month.
Unfortunately, one of their neighbors got onto them for giving their dogs the kibble augment I make up for them (because chicken fat is bad) and I’m at a loss. I’m reading and reading to realize chicken fat may be bad for them, but I’m confused, too. Is my idea of being a “great mum” hurting my dog? Has extending the chore (preparing for 1/3 cup a day of clean meat for my coton) to include the kibble augment hurting my friend’s dogs? I’m having a bit of trouble to imagine a morning without “Breakfast with Ku,” and, unless you say that I’m doing my dog harm, it’s not going to stop.
But, what if Ku’s breakfast doesn’t have to stop? If so, then I have a lot of waste and, maybe, I could donate the kibble augment to my nearest street dog rescue. There are so many street dogs rescued, up for adoption, not getting anything but discount kibble… there’s no way any of them could have enough chicken fat to harm them, from my bit of left-overs? Or, should I get the idea that I’m just wrong about the kibble augment being good for the rescue dogs?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I suggest giving your vet a call. Your vet should be able to answer your question without requiring a visit to the office or an office visit fee. Your vet will be able to tell you if what you are doing is harmful to your dog. I’m unable to say one way or the other because I don’t know how much you’re giving the dogs and how big they are. Hopefully there’s no cause for concern, but it’s always best to check with your vet. Best of luck!
The vet says she’s fine and not to change a thing. He said that if the street dogs get a little more fat, that’s okay, too. We’re in Mexico and we all love the K9s. Thanks.
Angela Himmeroder
Most Vets no nothing about nutrition. Feed your dog q species appropriate diet, which is a raw diet!!
susan williams
Susan Trumblay
I assume you meant ” . . .boiled liver.” I would check with your vet about any organ meat.
Rita McDonald
My dog has cushioning disease and another has CHF while my adopted from the pound has an intestinal problem. Trying to keep my dogs healthy. Thanks, Rita
If people spend as much thinking on their kids as on their dogs, this country would not have so many dumb people.
Susan Trumblay
I agree, and I also think that parents of 2 legged kids should spend time taking them for walks and playing with them.
and when they do that not have their face glued to their phones. I don’t know how many times I’ve seen fathers playing with their kids and steadily having to text someone and mothers playing with thier kids at the park playground and they’re browsing their IG or FB or whatever it is that’s takes their attention away from the kids. Such a sad sight, I’m glad my parents gave me undivided attention back in the old days unlike the parents of today.
Well, I gave my Dog grapes, and there was nothing wrong with my dog. And how are grapes bad for dogs?
Sadie Cornelius (Admin)
Jeremiah, as mentioned above, we don’t recommend giving grapes to dogs. Several sources, vets and findings say they are toxic for dogs, can cause liver damage and can be fatal.
There’s nothing with your dog at that instant but keep feeding it to them and eventually check their blood work, I promise you’ll be singing a different tune
Our dog, only a little Jack Russell/Cavalier Spaniel cross…..loves hot food….and I mean hot…..I’ve read dogs can’t taste hot foods, etc because of low number of taste buds…..or it causes stomach/digestive upsets…..No, no, no…..She loves some added spice to her dog food…..Whether it is Algerian Merquez, Ethiopian Berbere, or spice from a packet of Japanese Coco curry…..She prefers to have her food interesting….as do we…Never a problem….We don’t overdo it….she eats at the same concentration we do and loves it….in addition, she gets some leftovers from time to time…..I absolutely guarantee this dog tastes hot foods and loves it…..Put a bland bowl of food in front of her and she’ll walk away from it……
Get labwork done on her then tell me if you want to continue hurting your dog
Grizzlys Mom
Spent the morning observing my 100 lbs. Rottweiler after I saw he had thrown up cherries which grow on our property. When I looked up cherries I found that the pits or seeds contain Cyanide and even one ingested could kill a small dog. Since the deer and fox the roam our property expell the pits in their feces I was not overly concerned but watched for signs of lethargy, twitching, red mucus areas and unconsciousness. If treated quickly with hydration with 3% peroxide and Amyntrite they can recover.
Fred Zehend
Why is it so difficult to buy Nutro wet canned food? Has it been taken off the market? It smelled so good, that I wanted to have some.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Fred Zehend
Anything for my newly adopted dog. She is a rescue and deserves the best. Thank God for animals.
I am confused why it says cooked fish is ok, but later down it says fish in general is a no no
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Raw fish can contain bacteria which causes food poisoning. Cooked fish is ok to give dogs typically. As always, consult your vet before changing your dog’s diet.
What do you think about Royal Canine SO dog food
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
We haven’t researched Royal Canine dog food, sorry.
The title is “Toxic”

There is nothing toxic about cheese and dairy. Perhaps group discomfort foods into a different group than toxic, will kill your dog, foods.

If dairy is only listed because of possible allergic reaction, then you can’t discriminate and have to list all dog allergic sources and foods.

Thank you for the thourough list though.

Alex Schenker (Admin)
Thanks for pointing this out Jerry. You are correct – we’ve updated the title and article content accordingly.
Dogs and human vitamins?? Everytime we pull out the bottles, vit c vit e etc… He begs. I dropped a vit e he gobbled it up. The ver said its ok good for his coat and skin. Hes a havanese. Any salmon oil is ok and that seems dangerous to me because of iodine. Comments please
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I’m not sure what you are asking, sorry. If your vet said it’s ok for him to have those vitamins, then it should be safe.
I bought a property 12 yrs ago with purple grape vines straddling the back fence. My female GSD absolutely loved eating them all summer long and into the fall until she died at almost 17 – quite old for the breed. I wonder if it was her raw meat diet which gave her such robust health that she was immune to the purported negative effects of grapes?
Sally Matlock
quite a feat – we never really know what they want /need, but it sounds like she sure enjoyed it – you may have helped extend her life span! congrats.
Are you Kidding..You know how many Dogs are on Raw meat diet and are thriving?
For the last 25 years my dogs have enjoyed long, extremely active, very healthy lives on a 95% raw meat (both muscle & organ meat from lamb, beef, elk) diet. I supplement with a very small amount of quality kibble so their systems are used to it should I need to give it as an entire meal rarely when travelling. A healthy dog obviously can handle parasites as that has never been an issue for the 4 dogs I’ve fed raw meat. A GSD I put down 2 yrs ago lived to almost 17 and never needed vet care.
I am with you….Dogs are born to be wild and hunt their food. Of course they kill and eat other wild animals. That is perfectly normal and is certainly considered raw meat. lol We are the ones that domesticate them. Sometimes common sense isn’t so common for people.
Shannon Gibson
I don’t think a dog can eat an “avocado pet”. Cute typo.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
HAHAHA that was completely unintentional but agree, a cute typo. I’ll be sure to update that, thanks!
P u l i and the dog would eat onions every time he saw one. I am talking about a whole onion. He never got sick by eating one. He lived to be 21 years old and died of old age. I wonder why eating onions did not make him sick. Please explain
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Perhaps the amount of onion ingested as well as the size of your dog wasn’t enough to cause damage to your dog.
Rita Smith
My dog is coughing a lot , his nose is warm and so is his body. He eats good . He has played all day as always. Just noticed he was coughing more and more . Nothing coming up . Isn’t a healthy dogs nose suppose to be cold f he is well ?. Do you have any idea what could be wrong .?Thank you . We are taking him to vet early in the morning .
Yes, when I was about, you could edit wiki, I wrote “cops and robbers share the same toilet”
Are u sure it’s not a kennel cough
As you probably already know from your vet visit, coughing is the #1 symptom of heart disease (congestive heart failure or strong heart murmur). We unfortunately found this out ourselves a couple of years ago.
Wayne Matheson
My 3 year old Yorkiepoo just had a seizure and when it was over he vomited up to large pic of fried egg that he had for breakfast about 4 hours go. He seems to be ok now. Any suggestions as to what may have caused this. Never had one before.
Vet tech
pherhaps you shouldnt give your dog fried eggs but raw and boiled eggs are okay
She is just laying around and not doing very much
My nine month old French bulldog puppy I think may have eaten a spicy pepper for my backyard although I did not see her eat it I think she may have before I could catch her now she has vomited five times within 45 minutes and I’m very worried about her She is just laying around and not doing very much at all not sure what to do the closest emergency vet is about an hour and a half away from here the peppers are small and they’re red and they’re spicy I seen pictures of them on the Internet but the name is very difficult they look kind a like a tiny tiny tiny jalapeño but they’re red
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Sorry for the delayed response, we don’t moderate comments over the weekend. Were you able to get your dog seen by a vet? How is your dog doing today? I hope all is well!
Carol Dunlap
What about CBD & Terpene Rich Hemp Oil, medium chain triglyceride oil from coconut oil for dogs?
Read that we should not give coconut or the oil to dogs, but reading other sites it is not mentioned.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
CBD oil is safe for some dogs, but always check with your vet before giving. As for coconut oil perhaps this link will help you.
So, my awful brother was cooking some chicken. And, instead of throwing the cut off raw chicken fat parts- he throws it on the ground and my Pembroke Welsh Corgi named Curtis took it and ate it. After Curtis swallowed it, he started to make a weird “glump” kinda noise. Only did that sound like 2 or 3 times, I think. Then, after like 3 seconds I looked at his face and he looked insane sorta. (In my opinion) After a my brother put Curtis back to his spot, he looked normal again. Now my brother knows what NOT to give to dogs. Literally scared me when my brother gave it, cause I thought my poor puppy was gonna die since it was raw! Thanks for this article Canine Journal!
Our dog suddenly got back leg weakness not able to walk for last 9 days, what had happen to him.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Have you taken him to the vet?
El Logan
Dogs eat all kinds of birds they manage to catch, including chickens, raw with no ill effects (unless salmonella, etc., is present) so maybe the dog choked on it and/or had indigestion from gulping too much at once.
My husband and I just got boxer Pitbull mix when he was only 5 weeks old and he constantly needed to be held like he was still with his mother he is 2 months old and he cries anytime one of us walk away from him he loves people and constantly wants to play and cries if you stop he cannot stay by himself because all he does is bark so loud and he does not stop until he gets picked up or gets a treat I know he’s Young but he eats pretty much everything we do not large portions but he barks until he gets it we have cut back on his treats we have also stopped giving him human food I’m sure my husband and kids sneak him things every so often but I can’t lie I do too I gave him a few small pieces of fat from chuck roast and he is fine he is maybe a pound or 2 overweight he has no issues and is doing great there were actually plenty of things off the list he has eaten but he is never sick he is happy and healthy according to the vet! I feel it’s all about moderation. And common sense is the biggest issue people don’t have
Wendy Beem
Shay, I have been an owner and breeder of pitbulls, having up to 14 at a time. Crying and barking when alone is a very common issue and not just with the puppies. You have to treat your dog the same way you would a child. Too much barking is bad behavior. Why reward the dog with a treat or by picking it up? Just like with a baby, you can’t run and pick it up every time it cries. I know at times its very difficult to listen to the continuing cries and barks but I promise it will stop. But only if you don’t give in.
We used to feed our hunting dogs Hershey Bar Bites when they where tired. They never got obvious sickness. THOUGHTS??
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Not something I would do. There’s no nutritional value in Hershey Bar Bites for a dog. Ingesting too much could harm the dogs. Thankfully, your dogs have been okay.
Before my male german shepherd named Sparky died, my family used to give him chocolate ice cream. It didn’t ever harm him. Plus, the reason(s) he died is because he had heartworms. (Heartworms are worms that roam inside and around a dogs heart, it comes from a mosquito bite.) And my dad never took him to a vet. He was adorable, I was sad to see him get buried outside of my parent’s front lawn.
Why would you ever feed your dog chocolate ice cream? Even though it might’ve not done any harm, why take the risk? That’s like giving a child alcohol and saying,”It never harmed him/her”(terrible analogy, I know). That is not a good way of taking care of a dog. I don’t mean to make you feel down or ashamed, but it’s just not the best your dog could get.
Heartworms are 100% preventable
Vet tech
why didnt your dad go to the vet thats why your dog died and you can cure heartworms 100 percent if you went to the vet
My dog ate a chokole ckake I think he needs the vet
Your dog should be fine. My dog has often accidentally eaten chocolate and she’s been fine and she’s going on 16 this year.
Take it to the vet. It will give the pet liquid charcoal or an injection. To induce vomiting
Martha Pennington
Will pork pork pork bones pork sausage because I have a man next-door that is thrown raw uncooked pork out for a dog or a cat to fine is it poisonous to puppies grown dogs or kittens or cats please give me an answer back it’s very important to give to them my manager this man is very sick and needs to leave where we live
Mary O'Sullivan
I would like to know the answer to this lady’s question as well please
My grandma doesn’t feed our dogs pork or chicken bones cause they might choke on them but the pork itself idk.
i heard the squash or pumpkin were toxic for dog too. you can tell me if it is true?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Through our research, squash and pumpkin are both safe for dogs. But if you are concerned, we suggest not giving it or check with your vet ahead of time. Each dog is different and can respond to foods in various ways.
My dog is a mixed breed bitch about 2months old she suddenly lost her appetite and became lethargic after drinking soya milk…worried sick because i live in a country with nonexistent vets those that are there are prohibitively expensive…any ideas or home remedies please help
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
If you cannot take your dog to a vet, perhaps this online vet service can help.
Grapefruit! Highly poisenous. My Bull Terrier Pup grabbed a piece that fell on the floor and was severely ill. She ended up at the Vet. Highly toxic to dogs. Google it. Very surprised that it is not included here as it has a far worse reaction and deaths in dogs than grapes.
thank you for letting us know
Dogs are omnivores. Even wolves eat berries, grains, etc. in the wild.
I’m researching foods suitable for dogs as I am interested in making her food myself. We are a vegan household. What foods would you recommend for my dog that are high in protein and can supplement the nutrients from meat?
Cee Inkwelt
If you make your dog vegan, you are slowly killing them, they are literally made to eat meat, no matter how much you say its “better for them”.
Mary O'Sullivan
Dogs need meat just because you are a vegetarian doesn’t mean you’re dog can be if you want to cook food for your dog then buy a separate pan or pot or whatever you cooking with but your dog needs meat.
Judi Booher
Pork is NOT safe even cooked, I’d like to know why it’s not listed, my dog ate some lean pork and got pancreatitis and nearly died TWICE!!! IT was the second time we found out it was the Pork… And it was a small amount!!! No PORK is safe anymore because our pork products come from large pig farms
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Pork seems to be a hot topic as to whether dogs can or should not eat it. Perhaps this article could help explain further.
Abi Wolfe
The dog got pancreatitis from the fat in the pork, not the pork itself. They can get pancreatitis from eating too much of any fat, beef, chicken, etc. Dogs can eat lean pork in small amounts. I have an amazing vet who furthered her studies, specializing in animal nutrition, and she says lean pork is fine. Many vets don’t specialize in animal nutrition and the little education they get is funded by the pet food industry. That’s why they push their horrible, overpriced prescription diets.
I regularly snack on carrots with Ranch dressing. Afterwards my dog loves to lick the leftover dressing off my plate. Is there any concern with her ingesting the dressing?
My dog just ate a 2” x 2” block of sharp cheddar cheese. Should I take him to the vet or let it pass? He seems ok
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
It can depend on the size of the dog. If you’re questioning it, call your vet.
John Copeland
Reading this list, I see the infographic shows peaches is unsafe for dogs, but peaches is listed in the safe fruits as well. Is this a typo, or is it simply related to the paragraph in the unsafe list refering to the peach pits being unsafe…that is, can I presume that fresh peeled peach slices are safe for a dog to eat, while whole peaches wouldn’t be?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
It is just the peach pit that is dangerous to dogs. The actual fruit is safe for them to eat.
Kyle B
Portioned properly, raw fish and meat is literally the best diet for dogs if you can afford it. It’s what dogs ate in the wild so naturally it’s what would be best for them. Why didn’t you mention any of this? I don’t think you know enough about dogs to be writing these kinds of articles.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Sorry Kyle, we disagree with feeding dogs raw fish and raw meat due to bacteria and parasites that can be found in them. We are not alone in this, as we have sourced Pets WebMD as well. Wild dogs from hundreds/thousands of years ago are very different from the domesticated dogs we have in our homes today.
Owls are dying from eating mice that have eaten poison put out by humans … so the supply chain is contaminated … so all those recalls on lettuce are just the tip of the ice berg that can be bad for your loved pet … people fair better because we cook our food … your furry friend was never supposed to face those bacteria and poisons in the modern food supply chain … so be wary!!
Matt Kaminski
You need to do more research from other sources. Dogs are primarily a carnivore, meat/bone/organs need to be the primary part of their diet. All my dogs for the past 15 years have eaten a raw diet and have lived very long healthy lives.

What exactly do you think a domesticated dog ate a hundred year or more ago? Processed dry kibble? Do not compare people and dogs, we do not eat the same foods or get sick from the same bacteria. The same way we are poisoning ourselves with this processed garbage we eat we are putting into our pets. Don’t fall for this marketing gimmick.

Kathy Alsobrook
I have been feeding raw since I got my rescue (25 lbs Lhaso/Mix) He eats only lean ground beef, ground turkey, ground chicken, chicken parts – the bacteria in their stomach is different than a humans. He gets vegetables and bananas and blueberries along with non fat plain yogurt or 100% pure pumpkin (NOT PIE MIX)
He is fed FROMM (AM) and HONEST KITCHEN (PM) -I hydrate with HK bone broth. NEVER EVER have had an issue with diarreha, vomiting and never a bad vet report. He gets raw bones (minus the inside marrow) Teeth are good Chase is 5 years old. I will continue to do all of this. I put sardines -1-1/2 pieces (in WATER) on his nite feeding as well (alterate days – not with any meat item). He has never has a problem with his anal gland either – I watch for it to break when he poops – and it does – about every 2-3 poops. It’s all good. I am not a vet nor do I claim to be – but we are a holistic family and
I do not agree with this at all – read up on Dr. Karen Becker. She will tell you to use essential oils as well – lavender works great to calm.
PLEASE – do not feed the crap in the grocery store or discount stores – MADE IN THE USA – nothing off shore. Read the labels. Many people are poisoning their dogs daily.
Julia Gillam
Why minus the marrow? I thought that was good for dogs?
Any comments on cooked lentils and whole grain rice and oatmeal?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Those are all good for dogs in moderation.
Christopher King
Seriously, fish in general? Salmon is one of the main flavours for dog foods, and you see it all the time in the quality grade foods like Acanac, etc..
If you read the section for fish it is talking about raw fish due to a parasite. It states that cooked fish is fine because cooking kills the parasite.
Scott Spiegel
I’d say lime juice/lime too because I didn’t know that and my puppy started coughing bad with an infection
Trista Kittle
Your dog would probably have gotten sick from an infection regardless of the limes. I highly doubt that limes actually caused an infection.
Constance S Avery
Dose anyone know if a dog is constipated could it be because their annal gland needs released?
Ivory Blue
no – anal glad impaction will not cause constipation
It may not cause constipation but it can make it more difficult for them to poop which if they can’t poop they can become constipated, it is kinda confusing but the answer is yes and no.
my sister left her dog with me and he is really hungry. my dad gave him cooked hotdog and he ateabout 6-7 pieces. i looked at the ingredients and it involved garlic powder and salt. im having quite an anxiety attack because im worried he will intoxicated. i just want to know if he will be in any situation?
Ivory Blue
I use hot dogs as training treats – 2 or 3 hot dogs in a day.. never made my dog sick – although I do try to buy dogs that dont have a lot of salt
Manushi Hemathilake
I just recently found out that my dog Molly had gotten out of the house and eaten someone’s cat! That was about 9 months ago, she’s acting very lethargic and refuses to eat anything other than cooked meat. Could the cat meat be poisonous and she’s getting the effects now?
Terri kelley
A lot of recipes mention chicken liver or salmon for dogs is this bad to feed them ?
Susan lee
Salmon is feed to dogs in Alaska. In fact, one type the locals call dog salmon. In Alaska, we need more of certain vitamins in our diet so this might just be a northern necessity as they also have salmon in the northern part of the rest of the world.
Ivory Blue
There is a parasite in raw salmon that will kill your dog if he eats that meat raw. Salmon needs to be cooked before you feed it to your dog. My dog is allergic to Beef, Pork, Lamb, Chicken and Vension… he eats a diet of fish. NewFoundland dogs are fish dogs – highly recommended to raise them on fish… Fish is not bad for your dog… but beware of raw salmon.
Laura McClain
Watermelon rind is toxic
Is people beef jerkey good for your dog he has direar for 3 days
Cee Inkwelt
No there is too much salt, if you’d like to make jerky for your dog, dehydrate chicken breasts without any additives, they love it 🙂
DogsAre Carnivores
Half of this is wrong. My dogs are raw fed to include raw meat fish liver eggs bones. They also get avocados(only part they can’t have is the bark and leafs, proven). Garlic is fine is low amounts and so is black coffee.
As someone who works in an animal hospital, I must advise to NEVER give dogs coffee or other forms of caffeine. I’ve seen it cause heart failure – unnecessary and completely avoidable!!
Ivory Blue
Melanie – curious to know – for those dogs that died of heart failure cause by caffeine – how much caffeine had the dog ingested? and what was the weigh of the dog?… I would guess that if a chihuahua ate 2 pounds of coffee or drank half gallon of coffee or soda – it would have some problems – but so would a 120 pound human if they drank 60 pounds of coffee/soda… just sayin…
Ron Turley
our big poodle grabbed a hot shot ant cartridge, and crunched it. what to look for?
I just thought the Avocado inclusion was interesting…one of the chewable supplements prescribed for my dog by our vet has avacado as one of the main ingredients…although, he doesn’t like them…
Dog owner
I gave my dog mints, is he allowed them?
If they are DOG mints, then probably
Cam Wagar
Anyone who has an actual clue or does at least somewhat in-depth research will know a lot of this pertaining high protein foods is complete crap. Sure salmonella can “arise” but highly doubtful, where do you all think dogs derived from??? Wild beasts, that had nothing but wild to live off of. Which includes raw anything, of course to pursue full raw benefits and prevent dogs from getting sick in anyway the diet should be weened in. 95% of kibble is pure trash and has no benefits. All the actual benefits are destroyed once they bake it at an ungodly degree. The ENTIRE raw egg including the shell (preferably not store bought because of an insane amount of chemicals used) and RED meat or raw fish (primarily salmon or cod) are much more beneficial for dogs, and honestly feeding your dog chicken of any kind besides chicken eggs is probably one of the worst ideas. Cheap, terrible meat and that has very little benefit for a dog. Also most dogs have an allergy to this, especially shepherd breeds. Red meats are high in protein, myoglobin, and several vitamins and, as with most raw foods, is highly beneficial to dental health and digestive health. Not to mention dogs love it. Also liver, hearts, and gullets are extremely beneficial as well. Fish obviously very high in omega 3’s & 6’s. Most raw items are amazing for your dogs skin health most of all. With added supplementation such as bone broth, and proper fruits and veg, along with digestive aids (i.e. tumeric, goats milk, etc.) all of these items will make your dog thrive. And since when is marijuana a food ?? That one gave me a chuckle.
People use the marijuana in cookies and brownies..
Frank Stiles
Feeding raw proteins to your pets is just asking for an eventual case of E Coli or Salmonella. If these proteins are so nutritious raw, I suggest you eat them as well as feed them to your pet. I suggest you start with raw chicken first.
Sorry to say it like this but that is a stupid answer to give, animals and humans do not have the same tolerance to various bacteria. A dog can drink from puddles, rivers, ditches and is perfectly OK if you do the same you are asking for a serious poisoning if not death. By the way for people that are really worried about E.colli abd other bacteria you can freeze the meat. People need to stop comparing animal diets with humans we do not have the same immu e systems, I think everyone who has had a puppy has seen the episodes of him eating poop on walks and not end up sick does that mean that humans can do it and not be sick? Sadly the E colli and company outbursts are do to uncontrollable industrial practices and not only raw foods are contaminated many cooked and processed human and animal foods are frequently contaminated which is one of the main reasons we have so much “stomach viruses” which are actually food poisonings.
karen B
What about salmonella? The have dog food recalls due to this bacteria all the time.
Ricardo Kinkade
Can someone please tell me what I can give my shitsue mix cause I really don’t have anything else But her in my life… Please help me
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
You should contact your vet immediately in instances like this. If you think your dog has ingested something they shouldn’t have, your dog may need immediate medical attention. Comments on our site can be in moderation for up to 72 hours since we do not moderate on weekends. I hope your dog is doing well and got the care she needed!
Ricardo Kinkade
Please help me… Please she is panting really hard..
I’m so sorry
Ricardo Kinkade
She had apple seed or maybe core
Dee Dee Connelly
Go ! Go!!! to the nearest vet hospital. NOW !! She is in toxic shock, and can die. So what, you don’t have $$. If you love her, you WILL find it.
Very helpful
It seems the writer of this post does not know the meaning of the word toxic.
Thank you for the artical.
question to those more knowledgeable. Today I put my dog down (he had a large mass and internal bleeding. Doctor said it was most likely cancer) We chose not to pursue to prolonging his life as he was old and didn’t deserve the pain just to live a few more months with us. (according to doctor) any way I was too ashamed to ask the doctor this but we had a puppy come to us and old dog starting eating the poop so I put sriracha on it once, dog thought it was even tastier so I put a hot spice. thinking it was cayenne or habanaro, not sure which I grabbed an He loved that too. Did I kill my dog by feeding him spice, would a mass grow that fast from what I did or could I have ruptured it. This was three weeks ago and I only did it twice, three time maybe but he loved it so much I stopped.
No you did not.
All the spice in the things that you put on the puppy poop could have given the older dog upset stomach, maybe gas, and maybe diarrhea but that’s about it. Guarantee that you did not cause the mass or the bleeding. You shouldn’t be afraid to talk honestly with your vet. They are doctors and are the best source a reliable information, just like people doctors. So very sorry for your loss.
mobotak mobotak
Thanks for your good and useful article. your website gives practical information.
My dog ate a pound chocolate bar left out in the living room. Wrapper and all. Next morning, after a long night with the vet -she died in my arms. She died because of my own ignorance and shortcoming in not keeping that chocolate out of her reach. I realize a pound is quite a bit for someone to intentionally (or unintentionally) give their dog at one time or within a short amount of time. My current and future dogs will never taste even a lick of chocolate. I don’t believe the articles we read on the internet are meant to be all inclusive or all knowing. If one is searching for answers, much more research is needed than relying on one site to provide you with all the answers. This article gives one a detailed list (from a compilation of sources) of foods to give or not to give to dogs – merely as a stepping stone in your own quest for answers. From here, use some common sense and further research those that you may agree or disagree with. Keeping in mind that all dogs are different which this writer has stated. Your dog may very well be able to tolerate foods that are on the don’t give to dogs list. Your dog may be an exception, not the rule. This may be the reason behind all the sarcastic comments people are making as to why this writer doesn’t appear to know what she’s talking about. I believe this article to be educational and enlightening. A stepping stone as it was meant to be – in my continuing research as to what to keep out of the reach of my dogs.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I am so sorry for your loss Deb. Please know that my thoughts are with you during this time. And thank you for your kind words.
Thank you for sharing your very painful experience with all of us. It helps to remind us that our fur babies can get into things without us giving them to them. They will eat things in their environment not just what we feed them, so we need to be vigilant about our dog’s environment. I’m very sorry about your loss.
what about the dogs from the street they eat anything and I still see them running around the street. My dog loves grapes and eats them all the time She is fine
Just because you don’t immediately notice it, doesn’t mean the grapes your dog eats ‘all the time’ don’t cause any damage. Kidney damage caused by grapes can build up over time and is often irreversible. So just keep your dog away from them, if you care about her.
Terri kelley
My 11 year doxie loved grapes also she died of stomach cancer which could have been caused by letting her have grapes. Are you willing to chance it with your dog?
Lisa Chapman
They only like them cuz you are eating them. They think they are good cuz they don’t taste bad and. U ARE EATING THEM….
I don’t think that people should have to change their diet simply because their diet could be unhealthy for their dog. You simply don’t give your dog what you are eating if it’s not good for your dog. It’s simple
Sean Rothstein
Well, to be fair, our diet isnt good for us either.
Hahaha..u mean beer
Dogs that live on the streets generally don’t have a very long life span because of the lack of care and bad diets. I prefer to not take any chances with my fur baby that I love so much. I want for him to have a very long very healthy life. Dogs on the street don’t have someone to protect them and make diet decisions for them. why would you take a chance with your best friend’s life. Some of the things that are considered bad for your dog will not kill your dog immediately but will cause slow organ damage and cut years off your dog’s lifee
Veterans don’t care about your dogs when u live a frist nation reserve. Because I know because my frist dog passway and the vet did not want to come out , to see what was wrong with my dog
If you feel like your veterinarian doesn’t care about your dog then you definitely need to get a different veterinarian.
Are whole peppercorns toxic to dogs? I have a 6 month old 70 lbs Doberman that might have eaten a small amount of them. (Maybe 20 or so)
i feed my dog pizza pepperoni and chicken and she does not get sick some people say pizza will hurt dogs is that true
Lisa Chapman
Some say cheese. The sause is bad. But i don’t think it will kill them like chocolate. or grapes.. People trying to kill there animals. Saying the vet done care…
Pizza sauce usually has a lot of garlic and onion. And if the pizza also has onion then it’s extra bad. The pepperoni is also made with a lot of garlic and is extremely salty as is the sauce. If you wipe the sauce off of the chicken I don’t think it should be that bad. But overall people Pizza is not a good choice for your dog
very informative
charles kovacs
my dog ate an anole are they poisionist?
Janice h.
Went to the Vet for Gizmos checkup. Husband was furious because he had eaten about 4 MM’s. Told the Vet they were milk chocolate, Vet told husband he would have to eat more then 4 of them to get sick. Just stay away from the Dark Chocolate. That is the one that can really hurt him. Coffee? He loves it. I learned not to leave it on the coffee table anymore when I leave the room because when I come back it’s all gone. Gizmo is fine, he never got sick, no diarrhea(msp), no pant, nothing. He is still the same Gizmo and healthy.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Glad to hear Gizmo is ok. As your vet said, it depends on the amount of coffee/chocolate ingested. Sounds like Gizmo didn’t ingest enough of either to become ill. Happy to hear he is doing well and thank you for sharing your experience with us!
too much caffeine can kill your dog almost immediately because it raises the pulse and the blood pressure but with chocolate it takes continued consumption as it causes organ damage and that can take quite a while to show up. But it can definitely cut years off your dog’s life if their organs are compromised
Lynn S
Our 79 pound dog is VERY sick with 105.5 temperature. Earliest vet appt later this afternoon. Looking back on the last few days. We had our lawn sprayed for weeds Thursday. Other than her walking to the lawn to do her duty, she wasnt in it much. Same with Friday. Saturday and Sunday she laid in the lawn while we worked in the yard, most of the day. Same with Saturday, Sunday and Monday. Monday we smoked a roast on the grill, we gave her pieces from the table. Yesterday and today she has been lethargic, Monday when we ran an errand, she peed on the floor while we were gone and NEVER does that. Any ideas?
Find an emergency vet clinic! Dogs don’t just get a cold they can shake off. Take the dog to a vet, any vet, as soon as possible. I would not wait until afternoon.

She could have reacted to the roast, but I would bet it is the lawn chemicals.

Give your dog a bath, the chemicals are probably on her fur. When she cleans herself (because what dog is not constantly licking), she ingests the weed killing chemicals.

Dogs absorb chemicals through the pads of their feet. Your dog probably also absorbed the weed-killing chemicals. Consider pulling the weeds yourself and not using chemicals in your back yard. If you read the directions of most weed killers, they instruct things like using masks, gloves, washing your clothes and showering after spraying.

You can also try watering the lawn. This will dilute the chemicals from the weed killer. You should probably find out what chemicals were in the weed killer and research how long it will take them to dissipate before it is safe for anyone to be on the lawn. Keep everyone away from the lawn until the weed killer is gone. It is probably on your shoes and therefore all over the floor of your house at this point. It depends on how extreme you want to go. You can wash shoes, shampoo rugs, wash hardwoods and tile.

Speaking of which, if you have hard floors in your house (wood or tile), many floor cleaners have been shown to harm pets. Do a little research.

Your first priority is taking care of your dog though! I hope she is all right.

megha amira
Weed killing chemicals such as Round-up (gyphosate) and Surge (2-4,D+dicamba) are NOT tested properly or selected for safety by our “EPA” and are incredibly toxic to humans, pets, and wildlife. The chemical industry covers up the science to protect their profit! Monsanto now has to pay $289 for lying about Round-up and causing a man’s cancer. These products are organ damaging, cancer-causing, neurotoxic, and hormone disrupting and likely have made your dog very ill. PLEASE stop poisoning our pets, children, community, and environment for the vanity of perfect green lawns!
Tell your vet exactly what spray was used for the weeds. Take them the container if possible so they can look at the ingredients list. some chemicals used for lawn and garden can be easily absorbed into the skin. The chemicals can also be absorbed by the lungs and mucous membranes in the sinuses just by breathing it in. You should be sure and give your dog a good bath to get all the chemicals out of the fur
My dog ate a whole pack of ice breaker gum containing xylitol. He is still in the hospital trying regulate his ATL levels. I was wondering if there are any regulations for companies to put a label on products that are toxic to animals?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I’m not familiar with any type of regulation for companies to include a label on toxic products for animals. I hope your dog gets better soon. Gum can be very dangerous for dogs. Your dog is in our thoughts.
Just curious where you got this information?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Great question, we’ve added some information about our sources at the end of this article! Thanks 🙂
Sadly, to get information like this, an awful lot of dogs had to suffer unbearable agonies.
I noticed that dairy was not something to feed your dog. I sometimes will give my dog cheese to help them take whatever medicine is needed and any dog I have had LOVES cheese. Is this really harmful?
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Each dog is different and some dogs are lactose intolerant, which is why we have dairy on this list. Also, dogs can get pretty gassy after eating dairy products and have some diarrhea, but it all depends on the amount they eat. If your dog seems completely fine after eating cheese it’s probably okay to continue doing so. Just make sure it’s in small amounts.
There is also quite a bit of salt in some cheese but I agree that lactose intolerance is the main reason your dog shouldn’t eat large amount of Dairy in one sitting. A funny little factoid… Male humans often get lactose intolerant after the age of 30 to some degree
Ramy Maher
Is there’s any problem to make my dog eat a dead coocked chicken
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Dogs can eat cooked chicken. I wouldn’t recommend giving them an entire chicken though. Bones can be dangerous and if ingested they can harm a dog. Also, too much of a change in a dog’s diet can cause an upset tummy and other digestion issues.
Sorry, but you really should do more research before doing blogs like this. That’s why I never look at sites like this for legitimate information on pet nutrition. Avocados, for example, are something you absolutely give your dog. The meat of the avocado (the part we like to make guacamole with) is incredibly nutritious, full of healthy fats and vitamins, and is fantastic for their skin and coat. The parts to stay away from are the skin, the pit, the stem, and the leaves. most people aren’t giving those parts to their dogs anyway.
Also, dogs absolutely can eat cat food. They can live off of cat food, easily. The fats and proteins are for targeted for a cat’s diet?? What does that even mean? Meat is meat, and fat is fat, period. Cats are obligate carnivores while dogs are omnivores with carnivorous instincts, so yes they differ that way, but there is no “special” meat that a cat can have that a dog can’t. It’s embarrassing that people could even think that.
Don’t even get me started on the benefits of chinese medicine done right and how mushrooms have helped myriads of issues in dogs including skin issues, joint problems, digestive upsets, immunity, etc.
I think you should stick to stuff that is 100% deadly, and then refer to a nutritionist for everything else.
I like you very much!
Dogs & cats have different nutritional needs, amount of calcium for instance. While a dog won’t get sick from eating cat food, out should not be substituted for DOG food.
Just because you don’t understand something, doesn’t make it wrong. Cat food is not ‘just meat’, neither is dog food. It’s composition is tailored specifically to the nutritional needs of each species, so it contains everything they need. Also, please provide ANY evidence (and I don’t mean anecdotal evidence) for actual effects of medicinal mushrooms in dogs, as well as chinese medicine. Last but not least, nutritionist is not a protected term. That means anyone can call themselves a nutritionist, even if they have ZERO credentials. If you’re going to refer to anyone about food, try a dietician. That’s actually a protected profession, you need a degree to be able to call yourself that.
There are other nutrients added to cat food such as taurine that I am not sure would be healthy in high doses to dogs.
As a kid we had a dog that would only eat Meow Mix cat food. We tried every dog food out there and he refused to eat it. He would not eat table scraps or “human food” either he just wanted Meow Mix. The vet told us that dogs can eat cat food but they may end up lacking certain vitamins or minerals but that a cat cannot eat dog food as it can make them very sick! That dog lived to be 13 years old and he had health problems from the day he was born, long before he started eating cat food and only cat food. So while it may not be healthy it is not toxic for them, the other problem with feeding your dog cat food is the cat gets mad and takes its anger out on the dog! That is probably the bigger problem with a dog eating cat food. On the other hand you do not want your cat to eat dog food as it can make them very sick and they can die.
I gave a little bit of grapefruit to my dogs and I was told it was poisonous and possibly could be fatal and that if it is interested you should go to a vet urgently so I suggest you add it to your list pretty quickly and you should be able to find information on the web as a friend sent me a rather scary leak which made me panic. My dog has also eaten over the last few months several Nispero stones as I have a tree and is also stealing some of the pears. They both seem to be fine so I am assuming that if there is no reaction then they are okay but of course I will try and avoid these things.
Can dogs eat pork? Can they eat any type of pork? Ham, bacon, pork chops, etc. My dog LOVES the smell of bacon (who doesn’t?!) and I always want to give him some but I don’t want to hurt him.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Hi Clare, I agree with you, who doesn’t love the smell of bacon! I recommend you take a look at this reader question about dogs eating pork.

I will say this though, every year for my sister’s dog’s birthday she gives him ice cream with a little bacon on top. He loves it and he’s been fine. He’s a 110-pound lab and every dog handles food differently. I wouldn’t recommend it myself, but my sister’s dog is still alive and well.

Pork is perfectly safe for dogs. You can give your dog pork, chicken, beef, venison, lamb, fish, etc. The part that is important to pay attention to is how YOUR specific does does on different proteins (it’s different for every single dog) as well as the sourcing and safety processes used at the manufacturer of your choice. How is the meat stored? Where does it come from? How fresh is the meat? These are what matter – not whether or not they eat pork.
Can dogs eat ham even if it’s not bacon? We have ham leftover from Father’s Day and I was going to give our 6 year old lab some but didn’t want him to get hurt.
No ham it kills your dog a lot
Minetta Brown
My little westie has been ill for weeks,vomiting,not eating,and very weak hind legs,hard for her to walk or stand up,I have spent about a thousand dollars on vets,they say she probably has a ruptured disc in her back,they have given her pain pills etc;no better.But reading your article(I have given her some rare pork chops,& ham,could she have Tricamosis??I hate to think I caused her all this pain due to ignorance.she weighs 19 lbs;
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I recommend not giving your dog pork. You can learn more about the reasoning here.
We grilled last night and our coonhound got into the potatoes and green peppers. They were both grilled when she got into them. Can dogs eat potatoes? Can dogs eat peppers? Do I need to be worried? She seems fine but I want to make sure we don’t need to take action.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
As long as the potatoes were cooked when she ate them she should be fine. As for the peppers, this was probably good for to eat. Cooked green peppers are high in vitamin C and can actually be good for dogs in moderation. No need to worry, Steph. I’m sure your dog enjoyed her “unexpected” treats last night and is feeling great today. 🙂
I have a question regarding the liver. I make chicken liver and rice in small amount for my two doxies. They love it and I mix it in with their pellets. Yes I am aware of weight gain for them but I am very good at thier portion control. Is this still dangerous for them.
Kimberly Alt (Admin)
I recommend asking your vet about the amount you are giving your doxies.
Hi, is feeding store bought Roast Chicken to our small dog daily bad for her? She gets diarrhea about once a fortnight could this be the cause ?
Since the store roasted it, and you might not know everything that it came into contact with (seasonings, equipment, etc) I would personally discontinue feeding it to your dog. Boiling unseasoned chicken for your pup should be fine, as long as all of the bones are removed, though!

As always, check with your vet; ultimately, they will know better than random people on the internet.

Kimberly Alt (Admin)
Kate’s response is spot on. Some of the items on the list of what can dogs not eat includes seasonings and spices, they can really mess with a dog’s health. If you don’t know 100% how the chicken was roasted, it’s better to discontinue it and be safe. I’d see if that stops her diarrhea. Best of luck!
Our lab/border mix Gracie is going on 15 and is on 3 prescriptions and 2 prescription dog foods for her liver and arthritis. Both are Hills Prescription Diet, KD (Vet recommended KD over LD, due to taste), dry and canned. She hates the taste and have tried EVERYTHING to improve the taste. Lately, we’ve mixed in one link sausage to flavor it up and she loves it. She hasn’t vomited or had diarrhea due to it. Is the sausage bad for her or the spices in it?
Thanks, Jim
It should be ok as long as there is no onion, chives, garlic, or an excess amount of salt. To be safe though, feed it to your dog in moderation.
I would avoid processed meats in general as they are a type 1 carcinogen listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) right up there with tobacco and asbestos. It’s not good for us, so I’d assume it is not good for them either. You could do some research on a raw diet and make your own food in a food processor. They like the raw meat taste and you can even sneak in some veggies which will help your pooch in the long run. I’ve heard great things about owners with old dogs and dogs with health problems healing their ailments. Good luck!
Maria-Ann Grillone
My 13 pound Chorkie ate a piece of peppered beef jerry that dropped on the floor. . . Nobody meant to give it to her. My mouth is a bit hot from eating them, even though it’s just black pepper on the beef. I’m worried she will be uncomfortable too, and also concerned if this will do more harm to my poor little Mandi? It’s late , Saturday night, and don’t want to wake up my vet . . . Can anyone help with the please? Thank you so much.
I’m not sure about how safe black pepper is for dogs but jerky has a whole bunch of salt. I don’t think that you should ever be afraid to call your vet after hours as long as you have a legitimate concern. If your vet is on call then they expect to get calls. Your dog’s health is much more important to a veterinarian then missing 15 minutes of sleep. When in doubt about your dog safety, ask your vet no matter what time it is
Avocados are not toxic to dogs, it is the pit. The information about feeding liver is inaccurate, liver is full of nutrients and a necessary part of a species appropriate raw food diet. Salmon and trout are fine once deep frozen for at least